Surah al-Muzammil (Surah 73: Revelation Order 3)

Surah al-Muzammil (The Cloaked one) is named according to the word used in the 1st verse of the surah and the name in the active participle form indicates that something surrounds the prophet is the Quran in metaphor to understand the message in the surah avoiding the misinterpretation centering the prophet as a person. Here is the detailed of the surah that we may reflect to the appropriate message in it:

God has ordered His prophet to study the Quran at night

  • O you the cloaked one (prophet) (73:1). You shall awake the night except for a little (73:2). Half of it, or you shall lessen a little from it (73:3). Or you shall add to it, and shall recite the Quran a progressive recitation (73:4). Indeed, we will place upon you (prophet) a difficult order (73:5). Indeed, rising at the night, which is difficult endeavor, even is more straight for recitation (73:6). Indeed, for you (prophet) there is lengthy activity in the day (73:7).
  • Note: God has addressed the prophet to whom has been given the Quran to recite being his garment in metaphor what has surrounded him. Thus, it has been his responsibility to study it thoroughly to better understand it and the night has been the best time for him to do that even rising from sleep as he has been busy with other activities in the day time.

Prophet has been asked to remember and please God being his Lord

  • And you (prophet) shall remember name of your Lord and shall devote to Him a sincere devotion (73:8). Lord of the east and the west: there is no god except He. So you (prophet) shall take Him Advocate (73:9).
  • Note: God had strengthened His prophet’s heart at the very beginning of the revelation of the Quran confirming him that there is no god except He and he shall remember and please his Lord being sincerely devoted to Him as his Advocate.

Punishment for the deniers followed by the end of the world

  • And you (prophet) shall be patient of what they say, and shall avoid them a gracious avoidance (73:10). And leave Me, and the deniers, possessors of the ease, and you shall give them a little respite (73:11). Indeed, with us are shackles and burning fire (73:12). Food that of choke and a painful punishment (73:13). A day will quake the earth and the mountains, and has become the mountains a heap of poured down sand (73:14).
  • Note: God told His prophet to be patient while the deniers will enjoy now with what they have been given but they will have a painful punishment followed by the end of the world when the earth and the mountains will quake to make a heap of crumbling sand. They will be burnt in the hellfire being shackled in it and will have food having great difficulty to swallow.

Messenger has been sent as a witness over the people

  • Indeed, we have sent to you (people) a messenger as a witness upon you, like that we had sent to Pharaoh a messenger (73:15). Then Pharaoh had disobeyed the messenger, so, we had seized him with a devastating seizure (73:16).
  • Note: God has sent messenger to every community as a witness over the people, which is His system from the past, while those who had disobeyed the messenger, He seized them with a devastating seizure like that what had faced Pharaoh and his people.

A reminder that the world will come to an end

  • How do you then fear (God) if you have disbelieved a day, the children will become grey-haired (73:17)? The heaven will be breaking apart in it, has done to be fulfilled His promise (73:18). Indeed, this is a reminder; so whoever has willed has taken to a path of his Lord (73:19).
  • Note: Those who disbelieve a day the world will come to an end do not fear God while it is a reminder that the heaven will be breaking apart in a day to fulfill a promise of Lord.

To study the Quran awaking the night

  • Your (prophet) Lord knows that you may awake less than two thirds of the night, and half of it, and one third of it, as well as a group of those who are with yourself (prophet). And God has designed the night and the day. He has known that you cannot keep it up, so He has turned to you that you shall read what has been easy of the Quran. He has known that there will be sick among you, and others may travel in the land seeking of God’s bounty, and others may fight in God’s way. So you shall read what has been easy of it, and shall establish the salat prayer and shall give the zakat and shall loan God a good loan. And whatever of good you send forth for yourselves, you will find it with God, it will be better and greater reward. And you shall seek God’s forgiveness; indeed, God is Forgiving, Merciful (73:20).
  • Note: Here is a commandment for the prophet and for those who have believed with him to read the Quran every night as much as possible being the night is the best time for the prophet as well as for the believers, while it has been made mandatory to establish Salah and to give Zakah as well as to loan God a good loan and to seek His forgiveness.
    Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.
    Tafazzal (09/17/2021).