However, for easy references, the English alphabet is used to represent these initials in place of the Arabic ones, e.g. for the Alif (Alef)1. A, for the Lam 2. L, for the Meem 3. M, for the Raa (Reh) 4. R, for the Kaf 5. K, for the closed Haa 6. H, for the Ayn 7. ‘A, for the Saad 8. S, for the Taa 9. T, for the Seen 10. ’S, for the Yaa11. Y, for the open Haa12. H, for the Qaf 13. Q and for the Nun 14. N in the table below:
Table A: List of Quranic Initials
It is noteworthy that the 42: Al-Shooraa is prefixed with 2 sets of initials: 1. H.M; 2. ‘A.’S.Q, the initial N is spelled out to represent two Ns in the 68: Al-Qalam and the two forms of Haa- closed and open represent in the initials. If you add the data in the total column in the above table, you will get 30 instead of 29 as the sura 42: Al-Shooraa is repeated twice because of 2 sets of initials.
The Quranic Initials constitute a major portion of the Quran’s 19-based mathematical miracles. Here are some significant roles of these initials that are revealed with the discovery of 19-based built in mathematical system in the Quran in 1974:
- The significance of these Quranic initials remained a divinely guarded secret for 14 centuries until 1974 before the discovery of 19-based mathematical code of the Quran (74:30)
- These initials are the physical evidence that the Quran is from God as He has maintained certain frequencies of these initials in the initialed suras.
- The Quran is divinely preserved as promised by the author, the Almighty God (15:9, 41:42) and the 19-based code is guarding the Quran against any distortion of it.
- These initials have protected the Quran from even the letter level alteration (for example, the words, Becca is used instead of Mecca in (3:96) in the Meem initialed sura and Ikhwaan is used instead of Qawm in (50:13) in the Qaf-initialed sura to maintain this phenomenon.
- These initials encode the hint for the end of the world as well (15:87).
- The concept associating with the Quranic initials that these initials deal with the unusual and crucial matters in the initialed suras along with the degree of complexity based on the number of letters prefixed to the suras.
- The real meaning of 14 sets of Quranic initials prefixed to 29 suras consisting of 14 letters of the Arabic alphabet was hidden from us for 14 centuries.
Let us examine the initials as well as the verses that are placed immediately after these initials in 29 suras to understand what God has taught us in the literary Quran through these verses:
[2:2] This scripture without a doubt in it is a guidance for the righteous.
[3:2] God: there is no god except He; the Living, the Eternal.
[29:1] A. L. M.
[29:2] Do the people think that they will be left to say, “We believe,” without being put to the test?
[30:1] A. L. M.
[30:2] Certainly, the Romans will be defeated.
[31:1] A. L. M.
[31:2] These (letters) are proofs of this book of wisdom. [til’ka aayaatul kitaabil hakeem]
[32:1] A. L. M.
[32:2] The book is, without a doubt, a revelation from the Lord of the universe.
(1) Per chronological order of the revelation of the Quran, the first occurrence of ALM is found in sura 31: Luqman wherein the 2nd verse refers to the 1st verse and makes it clear to mean that these letters are proofs of the Book of wisdom. Then God has used these initials in the subsequent revelations expecting from us that we will reflect on this significance to give appropriate importance on the verses placed immediately after these initials as well as the sura as a whole for dealing with the crucial and unusual events.
(2) The other important messages that immediately follow this set of initials are – a. this book, a revelation from God is a guidance for the believers to become righteous as there is no doubt in it, b. there is no god besides God, c. a prophecy on the future defeat of the Romans and d. the people must go through test to prove them believers.
[7:1] A. L. M. S.
[7:2] This scripture has been revealed to you – you shall not harbor doubt about it in your heart – that you may warn with it, and to provide a reminder for the believers.
Note: This set of initials i.e., ALMS is an extension of ALM. The commandment that follows these initials is a reminder for the believers to strengthen their heart including the heart of the message bearer not harboring any doubt about the scripture to be the revelation of God.Now we can easily realize that how much strength is needed in our heart to believe and follow the scripture. We may also reflect on the crucial event relating to Adam and Eve who were sent down on earth for redemption of their sin (including ours) when they were duped by the Satan and asked for God’s forgiveness (7:20-24).
[10:1] A.L.R. These (letters) are the proofs of this book of wisdom. [til’ka aayaatul kitaabil hakeem]
[10:2] Is it too much of a wonder for the people that we inspired a man like them? He (was inspired to say), “You shall warn the people, and give good news to those who believe that they have attained a position of prominence at their Lord.” The disbelievers said, “This is a clever magician!”
[11:1] A.L.R. This is a scripture whose verses have been perfected, then elucidated. It comes from a Most Wise, Most Cognizant.
[11:2] Proclaiming: “You shall not worship except GOD. I come to you from Him as a warner, as well as a bearer of good news.
[12:1] A.L.R. These (letters) are proofs of this profound scripture.
[12:2] We have revealed it an Arabic Quran, that you may understand.
[14:1] A.L.R. A scripture that we revealed to you, in order to lead the people out of darkness into the light – in accordance with the will of their Lord – to the path of the Almighty, the Praiseworthy.
[14:2] (The path of) God; the One who possesses everything in the heavens and everything on earth. Woe to the disbelievers; they have incurred a terrible retribution.
[15:1] A.L.R. These (letters) are proofs of this scripture; a profound Quran.
[15:2] Certainly, those who disbelieved will wish they were submitters.
Note: This set, ALR has repeatedly informed us that these initials are proofs of this profound scripture confirming that it is an Arabic Quran wherein the divine teachings have been perfected and clearly explained in order to lead the people out of darkness into the light, and we must worship God alone but the disbelievers will also wish that they are submitters.
[13:1] A. L. M. R. These (letters) are proofs of this scripture. What is revealed to you from your Lord is the truth, but most people do not believe.
[13:2] God is the One who raised the heavens without pillars that you can see, then assumed all authority. He committed the sun and the moon, each running (in its orbit) for a predetermined period. He controls all things, and explains the revelations, that you may attain certainty about meeting your Lord.
Note: The ALMR set of initials is also an extension of ALM, which directly indicates that these letters are proofs of this scripture. It confirms the message that the truth has come in this scripture but the tragedy is that most people will not believe informing us to reflect on the creation of the seven heavens as created without pillars.
[19:1] K. H. Y. `A. S. (Kãf Hã Yã `Ayn Sãd)
[19:2] A narration about your Lord’s mercy towards His servant Zachariah.
[19:3] He called his Lord, a secret call.
Note: God responded to the secret call of Zachariah. He gave him a sign not to speak to his family that He is going to fix them to have a son because of their old age and his wife’s sterility as well. Gabriel visited to virgin Mary to give her good news to be a mother of a son. The Jesus birth is a portent for the whole world and he spoke as a new born.
[20:1] T. H.
[20:2] We did not reveal the Quran to you, to cause you any hardship.
Note: This set of initials confirms that the Quran is our guidance to lead us to the right path and there is no way it can cause any hardship to those who sincerely study and follow it.
[26:1] T. ‘S. M.
[26:2] These (letters) are proofs of this clarifying scripture.
[28:1] T. ‘S. M.
[28:2] These (letters) are proofs of this profound book.
Note: This set is an extension of T.’S and both the occurrences of this set confirm that these initials are proofs of the profound and clarifying scripture.
[27:1] T. ‘S. These (letters) are proofs of the Quran; a clear scripture.
[27:2] A guidance, and good news, for the believers.
Note: This set of initials confirms that these initials are proofs of the Quran and it is a guidance and good news for the believers.
[36:1] Y. ‘S.
[36:2] And the Quran, the wise.
Note: This set of initials confirms that the Quran is full of wisdom and we must study and understand it to have the knowledge to lead a righteous life.
[38:1] S. (Saad) and the Quran, the reminder.
[38:2] Those who disbelieve have plunged into arrogance and defiance.
Note: This set consisting of a single initial confirms that the Quran is a reminder, and if someone disbelieves it, he/she is an arrogant and defiant. It is noted that there is an indication in this sura that we are on this earth because of feud in the High Heaven (38:69)
[40:1] H. M.
[40:2] This revelation of the scripture is from God, the Almighty, the Omniscient.
[41:1] H. M
[41:2] A revelation from the Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
[43:1] H. M.
[43:2] And the enlightening scripture.
[44:1] H. M.
[44:2] And this enlightening scripture.
[45:1] H. M.
[45:2] The revelation of this scripture is from God, the Almighty, Most Wise.
[45:1] H. M.
[46:2] The revelation of this scripture is from God, the Almighty, Most Wise.
Note: This H.M. set occurs in the highest number of suras and the messages that follow this initials are a confirmation from God that this is an enlightening scripture and it is from God, the Almighty, the Omniscient, the Most Wise, the Most Gracious and the Most Merciful. Then, we do not have any opportunity to disbelieve it or to follow any other books except this enlightening scripture unless we are really fool.
[42:1] H. M.
[42:2] `A. ‘S. Q.
[42:3] Inspiring you, and those before you, is God, the Almighty, Most Wise.
Note: It is difficult for the people to believe in someone who has been inspired (the message is revealed) by God. Thus, the commandment has been confirmed with the 2 sets of initials so that we can believe in those who have been inspired by God upon verification of the message sent down with them (7:75).
[50:1] Q. and the the Quran, the glorious.
[50:2] They found it strange that a warner from among them came to them! The disbelievers said, “This is really strange.
Note: This set, Q confirms the Quran to be glorious informing the people that it has been revealed to someone who came from them as a warner, and it will not be easy for the disbelievers to accept it.
[68:1] NuN, the pen, and what they (the people) write.
[68:2] You have attained a great blessing from your Lord; you are not crazy
Note: This set confirms that the prophet not only memorized the Quran but also wrote it as God wills for perfect preservation of the revealed Quran. This set represents 2 Ns, which may refer to 2 important characters of the prophet to be a blessed person but not crazy, and this assurance was required for the contemporary as well as the subsequent generations of the people to believe in him to accept the message sent down to him from God.
The above review indicates that the Quranic initials play significant role in the literary Quran. But we could not realize any significance of these letters except considering them to be mysterious letters or the meaning is only known to God or their meaning were secret being only known between God and the prophet. If we were sincere or are not driven by Satan, we would not overlook their significant role to understand the real meaning of these letters. If we could be able to apply our logic, we would not assign such meanings to these letters. If these letters did not have any meaning or significance to us, God would not include them in His final guidance wherein there is no error (2:2, 32:2), ambiguity (39:28) and falsehood (10:32). We have learned from the detailed study of the Quran that God has referred to many of His creations such as the star, sun, and moon as well as dawn and night before mentioning many crucial commands to convince us that these commands need our special attention to understand and follow. It is true that the numeric meaning of these initials was hidden from us for 14 centuries but the literary significance of these initials was not hidden from the true believers of God and the Quran. So the Quran has always been and would be fully detailed, complete and perfect to serve as the guidance from the time of its revelation to the end of the world irrespective of time of eras and generations of people.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.