There are 99 instances from the root word “dhikr” in 2 distinct morphological and grammatical forms: (1) “dhik’r” (ذِكْر) including its derived forms in the masculine noun form and (2) “dhik’raa” (ذِكْرَىٰ) including its derived forms in the feminine noun form. Literary, these instances typically mean the reminder but remembrance in some context in the Quran. There are 76 instances in the first group in the masculine noun form that refer to the Quran or the scripture to be the reminder while there are 23 instances in the second group in the feminine noun form that refer to a particular piece of information to be the reminder for us in the Quran, i. e., the reminder in the reminder.
- There are many instances of dhik’r in the masculine noun form that refer to the Quran or the scripture to be a reminder but here are a few to cite as examples:
[15:6] And they said, “O you upon whom the reminder (al-dhik’ru) has been sent down, you are crazy.”
[15:9] Indeed, we have sent down the reminder (al-dhik’ra) and indeed, we will certainly be protectors of it (lahu).
Note: It is a divine promise to protect the revealed Quran mentioned here as the reminder.
[16:44] With the clear proofs and the Psalms. And we have sent down to you the reminder (al-dhik’ra) that you may clarify to the people that which has been sent down to them, and that they may reflect.
Note: The Quran was sent down to you (Muhammad), which is referred to the reminder here.
[21:2] When a reminder (dhikrin) comes to them from their Lord, that is new, they listen to it heedlessly.
Note: It indicates new scripture as all prophets are given scripture with an updated message.
[21:24] Have they found other gods beside Him? Say, “Show me your proof. Say: “Bring your proof. This is a reminder (dhik’ru) of those with me and a reminder (dhik’ru) of those before me.” But, most of them do not know the truth, so they turn away.
[36:11] You can only warn him who follows the reminder (al-dhik’ra) and fears the Most Gracious in the unseen. So give him good news of forgiveness and an honorable recompense.
[36:69] What we taught him (the messenger) was not poetry, nor is he (a poet). This is but a reminder (dhik’run) and an enlightening Quran (wa-qur’aanun mubeenun).
Note: A reminder and an enlightening Quran is a matching pair indicating Quran
[38:1] Saad, and the Quran that contains the reminder (al-dhik’ri).
[38:8] “Has the reminder (al-dhik’ru) come down to him, instead of us?” Indeed, they are doubtful of My reminder (dhik’ri). Indeed, they have not yet tasted My retribution.
[41:42] No falsehood could enter it (yateehi), in the past (yadayhi) or in the future (khalfihi); a revelation from a Most Wise, Praiseworthy.
- There are 23 instances of dhik’raa in the feminine noun form that refer to a particular piece of information to be a reminder in the Quran are mentioned below while we know masculinity is the default grammatical gender and a word does not have to have anything special in order to reflect this and femininity, on the other hand, is not default and a noun would have to have something special to reflect this gender:
[6:68] If you see those who mock our revelations, you shall avoid them until they move on to another topic. If the devil causes you to forget, then do not sit with the wicked people after being aware of the reminder (al-dhik’raa).
Note: There is a consequence of mocking God’s revelations.
[6:69] The righteous are not responsible for the utterances of those people, but a reminder (dhik’raa) may help them to be reverent to God.
[6:90] Those (previous prophets) whom God has guided; then with their guidance you shall follow. Say, “I do not ask you for any wage. This is but a reminder (dhik’raa) for the worlds.”
Note: The guidance given to the previous prophets should serve as a reminder for us as well.
[7:2] A scripture has been revealed to you, so let there be no discomfort from it in your heart that you may warn with it, and a reminder (dhik’raa) for the believers.
Note: You shall warn with the scripture revealed to you (Muhammad) that would be a reminder for the believers.
[11:114] You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) at both ends of the day, and during the night. The righteous works wipe out the evil works. This is a reminder (dhik’raa) for those who would take heed.
Note: Observing Salat is a righteous work to wipe out evil works, which is a reminder for those who would take heed.
[11:120] And we narrate to you the news of the messengers that we may strengthen your heart with it. And there has come the truth to you in this, an enlightenment (maw’izatan) and a reminder dhik’raa) for the believers.
Note: The truth has come to you (Muhammad) herein which serves an enlightenment and a reminder for the believers.
[21:84] As we responded to him (Job), so we removed what was with him of adversity, and we gave him his family, and like of theirs with them as mercy from ourselves and a reminder (dhik’raa) for the worshipers.
Note: God responded when Job implored Him to relieve his adversity that was a mercy from Him, is a reminder for the worshippers.
[26:209] Here is a reminder (dhik’raa), for we are never unjust.
Note: Sending warners before annihilation of any community is a reminder as God is never unjust.
[29:51] Is it not enough for them that we sent down to you this book, being recited to them? Indeed, in it there is a mercy and a reminder (dhik’raa) for people who believe.
Note: In the book that is being recited to them there is a mercy and a reminder for people who believe.
[38:43] We restored his family for him; twice as many. Such is our mercy; a reminder (dhik’raa) for those who possess intelligence.
Note: God responded when Job implored Him to relieve his adversity, was a mercy from Him, which should serve as a reminder for those who possess intelligence.
[38:46] We bestowed upon them a special attribute about the awareness (dhik’raa) of the Hereafter.
Note: The family of Abraham was given a special attribute to be aware of the abode of the Hereafter.
[39:21] Do you not see that God sends down from the sky water, then places it into underground wells, then produces with it plants of various colors, then they grow until they turn yellow, then He turns them into hay? This should be a reminder (dhik’raa) for those who possess intelligence.
Note: Sending down water from the sky, storing it into underground wells and growing of different crops from it should be a reminder for those who possess intelligence.
[40:54] A guidance and a reminder (dhikraa) for those who possess intelligence.
Note: The guidance that was given to Moses that the Children of Israel inherit, is a guidance and a reminder for those who possess intelligence.
[44:13] How can be the reminder (al-dhik’raa) for them when an enlightened messenger had come to them?
Note: This instance confirms that a messenger came to them with Quran’s proof as a reminder but most of them were heedless to this reminder.
[47:18] Are they waiting until the Hour comes to them suddenly? All the signs thereof have already come. Once the Hour comes to them, how will they benefit from their remembrance (dhik’raahum)?
Note: It is about the awareness of the Hour but there is no reminder from God except their remembrance.
[50:8] This is an enlightenment (tabsiratan) and a reminder (dhik’raa) for every pious worshiper.
Note: In the construction of faultless sky and the creation of the earth with scattered mountains on it as well as growing of different kinds of beautiful plants from it are an enlightenment and a reminder for every pious worshipper (50:6-7). An enlightenment and a reminder is a matching pair of reminder in the feminine noun form.
[50:37] This should be a reminder (dhikraa) for everyone who possesses a mind, or is able to hear and witness.
Note: Many a generation who were powerful did not find the escape on the land when annihilated is a reminder for everyone who has common sense.
[51:55] And remind, for the reminder (al-dhik’raa) benefits the believers.
Note: When a messenger sent to the previous generations, they said, “He is magician or crazy” and if it is reminded, the reminder benefits the believers.
[74:31] And we have not made guardians of the Fire except angels, and we have not made their number except a warning for those who disbelieved, that may ascertain those who have been given the scripture (Jews and Christians) and may increase faith of those who have believed (Muslims), and may not doubt those who have been given the scripture (Jews and Christians) and the believers (Muslims). And that may say those in their hearts there is a disease (hypocrites) and the disbelievers, “What did God mean by this allegory?” Thus, God misguides whomever He wills and He guides whomever He wills. And none knows your Lord’s soldiers except He. And it (hiya) is not except a reminder (dhik’raa) for the human race.
Note: This verse refers to the number mentioned in the verse 30 – ‘over it is nineteen’ as we see a match between “over it (alayhaa) is nineteen (tis”ata ‘ashara” and “it (hiya) is a reminder (dhik’raa) for the human race” being “it” a feminine gender in both verses while the scripture (Quran) is consistently referred as the masculine gender, i.e., what is divisible by 19, means that 19 is the reminder as well as the common denominator of Quran’s analytical figures despite 19 itself as a number belongs to the masculine gender.
[79:43] It is not you (Muhammad) who is destined to announce its time (dhik’raahaa).
Note: It is about the awareness of the Hour but not a reminder from God.
[80:4] Or he may take heed, and benefit from the reminder (al-dhik’raa).
Note: If the blind man were properly attended, he could have purified himself from the reminder.
[87:9] Therefore, you shall remind; perhaps the reminder (al-dhik’raa) will benefit.
Note: Everything is in accordance with God’s will, and He knows what is declared and what is hidden, and He will direct you (Muhammad) to the easiest path, which is the reminder for us.
[89:23] On that day, Hell will be presented. On that day, the human being will remember but how can be the remembrance (al-dhik’raa) for him?
Note: On that day the human being can remember that he was heedless to the reminder about the Day.
There are 21 instances of dhik’raa in 21 verses across 16 suras in the Quran that serve as reminders for us in the Quran. The sum of the relevant sura number and the verse number is a multiple of 19 => 1843 = 19 x 97 as shown in the table below:
Note: The two instances, dhik’raahum found in 47:18 and dhik’raahaa found in 79:43 are not included in the mathematical confirmation as they do not convey any reminder except the general awareness of the Hour.
- Review of the verses mentioned under both groups clearly indicates that the word “dhik’raa” is distinct from the word “dhik’r” even the root is the same. Hence, the word “dhik’raa” has been made distinct from the Quran or the scripture pointing to certain special reminders including the hint of mathematical coding of the Quran as found in (74:31) while the messenger associated with this reminder is found in 44:13, which is another reminder. The connection between these two reminders in the Quran is so clear that there is no room to miss it due to misunderstanding or lack of clarification, even supported by the mathematical confirmation being a factual conclusion.
The word “dhik’raa” is made distinct from the Quran or the scripture and clearly points to certain special reminders including a hint of the Quran’s mathematical code in the Quran. In addition, the mathematical confirmation is the physical evidence of the advent of a God’s messenger with a reminder, i.e., the Quran’s mathematical code that should not be taken lightly as indicated in (44:13). Thus, God designed and perfected the Quran in the Arabic language and sent it to the world with an incontrovertible proof of divinity to serve as guidance until the end of the world. Thus, the code of the Quran has not only protected the revealed Quran from any distortion but also provides us with a means to dissect it to better understand the overall message including the significant events and commandments isolating the sets of verses found across the suras. The code is already proven to be an effective tool to purify our beliefs and practices eliminating any misconceptions from our religion as well as any corruptions from our practices occurred over the period of time. The effectiveness of this code is a direct evidence that like all other things God is, in full control of His wondrous creation, the greatest Quran giving us an opportunity to strive in His cause as well as making efforts to take His religion to the next level. However, we must disregard any opinion or interpretation of any human whoever he may be if it does not fit to His teachings in light of logic and proofs as our only concern is God and His teachings and laws.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.