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Review of instances of hadeeth and its derived in the Quran

Introduction

God has revealed the Quran to guide humanity until the end of the world, and has assigned it many attributes – clear guidance, clear proofs, witness, good news, bearer of good news, warner, warning, mercy, healing, a caller to God, a light, an illuminating lamp, great, glorious, honorable, wise, the truth, a message, a messenger, God’s messenger, seal of the prophets, blessed scripture, clear scripture, straight path, statute book, best hadith, a reminder, blessed reminder, reminder for the world and its mathematical coding to be a reminder for the people in the guidance period until the end of the world.

Quran having the very high level information placed as suras along with their verses has been spelled out with commands, laws, covenants, prophecies, promises, signs, oaths, warnings, wonders, factual, examples, analogies, stories and statements that we may better understand His guidance reflecting to a particular piece of information to find the right path for us.

Hadiths are statements of God

Hadiths in Arabic meaning statements or sayings but are well known and popular among the traditional Muslims being statements of prophet Muhammad, which are verified for their authenticity in reference to the Arabic word, hadeeth occurring in different contexts in the Quran as per God’s teachings that we cannot make us losers believing and practicing them just being emotional without having any true knowledge of them.

There are 36 instances of hadeeth in the Quran including its derived in 4 grammatical form as shown in the table below: The instances have meanings based on their grammatical forms while an Arabic word may have different meanings in certain contexts as well.

Note: The above table is populated with data obtained from the corpus.quran.com.

Instances of tuhaddithu

There are 3 instances of tuhaddithu in the verb form meaning “to narrate/report” in 3 verses across 3  suras are described below:

[2:76] And when they have met those who have believed, they said: “We have believed!”, and when has met some of them to other they said: “Do you inform them (a-tuhaddithuunahum) of what God has disclosed to you that they argue you with it about your Lord? Do you then not understand?”

[93:11] And as for having favor of your Lord that you shall acknowledge (fa-haddith).

[99:4] That day it will inform (yawma-idhin tuhaddithu) its affairs.

Instances of yuh’dithu

There are 3 instances of yuh’dithu in the verb form meaning “to cause/bring” in 3 verses in 3 suras are described below:

[18:70] He said: “So if you have followed me, then you cannot not ask me about anything until I say to  you an indication of it (hattaa uh’ditha laka min’hu dhik’ran).”

[20:113] And thus that we have sent it down, an Arabic Quran and have explained in it with the warning that they may fear or it may bring for them a reminder (yu’dithu lahum dhik’ran).

[65:1] O you prophet, when you have divorced the women, then you shall divorce them that their waiting period, and shall keep count of the waiting period, and shall fear God your Lord. You should not evict them from their homes, nor should they leave except that they commit of a proven immorality. And that is of God’s limits and whoever transgresses God’s limits, then certainly, he has wronged for himself. You do not know that God may bring about a matter after that (la`alla allahu yuh’dithu ba’da dhaalika amran).

Instances of hadeeth

There are 28 instances of hadeeth in the noun form meaning “statement/narration” including story, news, conversation etc. in certain contexts found in 28 verses across 22 suras are described below:

[4:42] That day wishes of those who have disbelieved and disobeyed the messenger if the earth were leveled with them while they cannot hide any statement from God (wa-laa-yaktumuuna allaha hadeethan).

[4:78] Wherever you may be, the death will overtake you, even if you had been in raised high towers. If any good befalls them, they say: “This is from God,” and if any evil befalls them, they say: “This is from you!” Say: “All is with God.” So what is to these people, they do not try to understand statement (fa-maali haaulaai al-qawmi laa-yakaaduuna yafqahuuna hadeethan)?

[4:87] God: there is no other god except He. Certainly, He will gather you to a day of the Resurrection – there is no doubt in it. And who has more truthful statement than God (wa-man asdaqu mina allahi hadeethan)?

[4:140] And certainly, He has revealed to you in the scripture that when you have heard God’s revelations to disbelieve in them and is ridiculed with them, then you do not sit with them until they engage in a statement other than it (hattaa yakhuuduu fee hadeethin ghayrihi); indeed, you then be like themselves. Indeed, God will gather the hypocrites and the disbelievers in Hell all together.

[6:68] And when you see those who engage in our revelations, then you shall turn away from them until they engage in a statement other than it (hattaa yakhuuduu fee hadeethin ghayrihi). And if the Satan causes you to forget, then you do not sit with the wicked people after the reminder.

[7:185] Do they not look at a dominion of the heavens and the earth, and what of a thing God has created and that it has been that it may be certainly their term has come near? So, in which statement its after, do they believe (fa-bi-ayyi hadeethin ba’dahu yu’minuuna)?

[12:6] And thus that your Lord chooses you (Joseph) and teaches you of interpreting the statements (wa-yu`allimuka min taweeli al-ahaadeethi), and completes His favor upon you and upon Jacob’s family, as He had completed it for your two forefathers,  Abraham and Isaac before. Indeed, your Lord is Knower, Wise.

[12:21] And said the one who bought him (Joseph) from Egypt to his wife: “You shall make his stay comfortable; it has been that it will benefit us or we may take him as a son.” And thus that we have established for Joseph in the land and that we teach him of interpreting the statements (wa-linu`allimahu min taweeli al-ahaadeethi),. And God is Dominant over His matters, but most of the people do not know.

[12:101] “My Lord, certainly you have given me the dominion and have taught me of interpreting the statements (wa-`allamtanee min taweeli al-ahaadeethi); Initiator of the heavens and the earth, You are my Protector in the world and the Hereafter. You cause me to die as a Submitter and include me with the righteous.”

[12:111] Certainly, there has been a lesson in their stories for possessors of the understanding. It has not been a statement invented (maa-kaana hadeethan yuf’tara), but is a confirming that which was of its before, and is a detailing explanation of all things, and a guidance and mercy for a people who believe.

[18:6] Even that you be whoever kills yourself over their footsteps if they do not believe in this – the statement in despair (in lam yu’minuu bi-haadha al-hadeethi asafan).

[20:9] And there has come to you Moses’ story (wa-hal ataaka hadeethu muusaa)?

[23:44] Then we have sent our messengers in succession. Every time has come to a community its messenger, they have denied him. So we have made to follow them of one after other, and we have made them lessons (wa-ja`alnaahum ahaadeethi). So away is a people who do not believe!

[31:6] And of the people whoever accepts baseless statement to mislead from God’s path having no knowledge (wa-mina al-naasi man yashtaree lahwa al-hadeethi liyudilla `an sabeela allahi bighayra `il’min) and takes it in ridicule. Those for them there is a humiliating punishment.

[33:53] O you who have believed, you do not enter the prophet’s homes except that invited to you for a meal, without awaiting its preparation. But when you have been invited, then you shall enter, is when you have eaten; then you shall leave and are not staying for a conversation (fa-intashiruu wa-laa-mus’taniseena lihadeethin). Indeed, that the prophet has been troubling is to shy from you while God does not shy of the truth. And when you have asked them (his wives) anything, then you shall ask them from behind a barrier. That is purer for your hearts and their hearts. And it has not been for you that you trouble God’s messenger, nor that should you marry his wives after him ever. Indeed, that – it has been with God is a gross sin.

[34:19] While they said: “Our Lord, lengthen between our journeys,” and they had wronged themselves. So, we made them stories (fa-ja`alnaahum ahaadeetha), and we scattered them all scattering. Indeed, in that there are signs for every patient, grateful.

[39:23] God has revealed a best of the statement – a scripture parallel to two paths (guidance and misguidance) (allahu nazzala ahsana al-hadeethi kitaaban mutashaabihan mathaaniya). The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it (Quran), then their skins and their hearts soften up to God’s message. That is God’s guidance, He guides with it (Quran) whomever He wills; and whomever God sends astray, then there is no guide for him.

[45:6] That is of God’s signs we recite to you with the truth. So, in which statement after God and His revelations do they believe (fa-bi-ayyi hadeethin ba’da allahi wa-aayaatihi yu’minuuna)?

[51:24] Has there come to you a statement of Abraham’s honored guests (hal ataaka hadeethu dayfi im’raaheema al-mukrameena)?

[52:34] Then let them come up with a statement like this (fal-yatuu bi-hadeethi mith’lihi), if they have been truthful.

[53:59] Is then of this – the statement do you wonder (a-fa-min haadhaa al-hadeethi ta`jabuuna)?

[56:81] Is then with this – the statement that are you indifferent (a-fa-bi-haadhaa al-hadeethi antum mud’hinuuna)?

[66:3] And when the prophet had trusted to one of his wives a statement (wa-idh asarra al-nabiyu ilaa ba`di azwaajihi hadeethan), then when she informed about it, and God had made it known to him, he made known a part of it and refrained from a part. Then when he informed her about it, she said: “Who has informed you this?” He said: “Has informed me the Knower, the Cognizant.”

[68:44] So leave Me; and whoever denies the statement of this (fa-dharmee wa-man yukadhibu bi-haadhaa al-hadeethi), we will lead them from where they do not know.

[77:50] So in which statement after its do they believe (fa-bi-ayyi hadeethin ba’dahu yu’minuuna)?

[79:15] Has there come to you Moses’ story (hal ataaka hadeethu muusaa)?

[85:17] Has there come to you story of the soldiers (hal ataaka hadeethu al-junuudi)?

[88:1] Has there come to you news of the Overwhelming (hal ataaka hadeethu al-ghaashiyati?

Instances of muh’dath

There are 2 instances of muh’dath in the passive participle form meaning “new” in 2 verses in 2 suras are described below:

[21:2] Of a reminder does not come to them from their Lord is new (maa yateehim min dhik’rin min rabbihim muh’dathin), they listen to it while they are playing.

[26:5] And of a reminder does not come to them from the Gracious is new (wa-maa yateehim min dhik’rin mina al-rahmaani muh’dathin), except they have been those who turn away from it.

Summary

  • Those who disbelieved and disobeyed the messenger would wish to be leveled with the earth on a day of the Resurrection, which statement is not hidden from God.
  • Either good or evil whatever befalls the people is from God while they cannot think about this statement, which has been confirmed through His revelations.
  • He will gather all of us on a day of the Resurrection and who has more truthful statement than Him.
  • When it has been heard that God’s revelations are being disbelieved and ridiculed, then the believers will not sit with them until they engage in a statement other than it.
  • When it has been seen that those who engage in our revelations, then the believers will turn away from them until they engage in a statement other than it.
  • Whatever God created, has a term for it, leaving no doubt in our hearts to disbelieve His statement.
  • God had chosen Joseph and taught him the interpretation of the statements being his Protector in the world as well as in the Hereafter.
  • There has been a lesson in their stories for possessors of the understanding. It has not been a statement invented but is a confirming that which was of its before.
  • Every time has come to a community its messenger, they have denied him. So God has made them follow one after other making them lessons for the people.
  • Those who accept baseless statement to mislead themselves from God’s path without having any knowledge, will have a humiliating punishment.
  • If the prophet had invited his associates to his house, they should eat and leave his house without waiting for conversation but if they want to talk to any of his wives would do it behind a barrier.
  • Those who had wronged, which God made them stories, are signs for every patient, grateful.
  • God has revealed a scripture with best statements with two paths to reach our destination, is either Heaven or Hell that He guides whomever He wills and He sends astray whomever He wills.
  • The believers are to believe only the statements recited with the truth through His revelations.
  • The story of Abraham’s honored guests, Moses and soldiers come to us through His revelations.
  • An open challenge for the disbelievers to come up with a statement if they have been truthful.
  • The Hour is coming and none can stop it except God is a statement the disbelievers may wonder.
  • God has made sincerity a requirement for the believers to access the honorable Quran that they would not be indifferent in this statement.
  • The prophet had trusted to one of his wives while she informed it to others, what God had made known to him through His revelations.
  • Whoever denies the statement in this, He will lead them from where they do not know.
  • There has come in this the news of the Overwhelming for extreme suffering and enjoyment.
  • No reminder comes from God except that disbelievers listen to it heedlessly or turn away from it.

Review confirms that God has revealed His statements through His revelations, and He has not shared anything privately with His prophet except through His revelations being His system. Thus, not only the so called hadiths assigned to the prophet but also any other statements made by anyone down the generation are not Islamic teachings, while those who have invented them or shared them are sinful liars and those who have accepted them will suffer a humiliating punishment in the Hereafter.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.
Tafazzal (10/16/2020).