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Sura Al-Zumar (Sura 39: Revelation Order 59)

A revelation from God to worship Him being sincere to Him in His religion

  • A revelation of the scripture is from God, the Almighty, the Wise (39:1). Indeed, we revealed to you (prophet) the scripture with the truth, so you shall worship God being sincere to Him in the religion (39:2). Undoubtedly, to God is the pure religion, and those who have taken protectors other than Him: “We do not worship them except that they may bring us near to nearness of God.” Indeed, God will judge between them in what they dispute about it. Indeed, God does not guide he who is a liar and a disbeliever (39:3).
  • Note: God has revealed the Quran with the truth to worship Him being sincere to Him in His religion as the pure religion belongs to Him and in it there is no choice for accepting any other protectors.

God is Creator and Sovereign who has created humans from a single soul

  • If God had intended that He would have a son, He could have surely chosen whomever He willed from what He creates. Glory be to God, He is God, the One, the Supreme (39:4). He created the heavens and the earth with the truth. He rolls the night over the day, and rolls the day over the night. And He committed the sun and the moon, each running for a specified term. Undoubtedly, He is the Almighty, the Forgiving (39:5). He created you from a single soul (min nafsin waahidatin), then He made from it its mate (thumma ja’ala minhaa zawjahaa). And He sent down for you eight kinds of livestock. He creates you in your mothers’ wombs, creation after creation through trimesters of darkness. That is God your Lord; to Him belongs the dominion. There is no other god beside He. Then how are you turned away (39:6)?
  • Note: God is Creator and Sovereign over all things and it is not befitting for Him to have a son except blasphemy while He has created us from a single soul to worship Him as there is no other deity for us other than Him that we may be appreciative to Him.

God likes gratefulness of His servants and dislikes their ungratefulness

  • If you disbelieve, God is independent of you. And He does not like ungratefulness of His servants and if you appreciate, He likes it for you while no one will be bearer of burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return when He will inform you of what you used to do. Indeed, He is Knower of what are in the breasts (39:7). And when any adversity touched the human, he called his Lord turning towards Him; then when He blessed him a favor from Himself, he forgot what he used to call towards Him before and made rivals to God that he misleads from His path. Say, “Enjoy with your disbelief for a while; indeed, you are of the dwellers of the Fire.” (39:8).
  • Note: Disbelievers being ungrateful to their Lord misguide them leading to be the dwellers of the Fire while the believers being grateful to their Lord guide them leading to be the dwellers of Paradise.

The steadfast are paid back their reward in full

  • Is he who devoted hours of the night prostrating and standing fears the Hereafter and expects mercy of his Lord? Say, “Are equal those who know and those who do not know?” Only possessors of the understanding will take heed (39:9). Say: O My servants, those who have believed, you shall fear your Lord. For those who have done good in this world, there is good and God’s earth is spacious. Only the steadfast will be paid back their reward in full without counting (39:10).
  • Note: Possessors of the intelligence take heed while they believe and fear God and do good deeds. These are the steadfast who are paid back their reward in full.

Commandment for the prophet to worship God being sincere to Him in His religion

  • Say, “indeed me, I have been commanded that I worship God being sincere to Him in the religion (39:11), and I have been commanded that I would be first of the submitters.” (39:12). Say, “Indeed me, I fear, if I disobeyed my Lord, the retribution of a great day.” (39:13). Say, “I worship God being sincere to Him in my religion (39:14).”
  • Note: The prophet was commanded to worship God being sincere to Him in the religion being a submitter (Muslim) as well as not to be disobedient of his Lord, and the expression “innanee or indeed me” indicates the commandment to be associated with prophet’s life time activities like reciting the Quran to his contemporaries, and he obeyed His Lord what he was commanded to do.

Compensation for the losers and the winners

  • So, worship whatever you have willed other than Him.” Say, “The real losers are those who lost their souls and their families, a day of the Resurrection.” Undoubtedly, that is the real loss (39:15). For them there will have from above them coverings of the Fire and coverings from below them. That is (what) God frightens His servants with it: O My servants, so you shall fear Me (39:16). And those who have avoided the false deities that they worship them and have turned to God, for them there is good news. So, you shall give good news to My servants (39:17). Those who listen to the word (Quran), then follow of its best. Those are whom God has guided them; those are possessors of the understanding (39:18). So is he who has imposed word of punishment on him? Then can you save him who is (already) in the Fire? (39:19). But those who feared their Lord; for them, there are lofty mansions of them lofty mansions built high, with rivers flowing beneath them. God’s promise, God does not break the promise (39:20).
  • Note: The losers are those who worship other than God or they do whatever they wish to do while the winners are those who fear God and avoid the false deities as well as listen and follow the word of God (Quran) given to them.

A reminder for possessors of the intelligence to reflect

  • Do you not see that God has sent down water from the sky, then He has made it flow as springs in the earth, then He produces with it crops of various colors; then they wither that you see it turn yellow; then He makes it debris? Indeed, in that there is a reminder for possessors of the understanding (39:21). So is he whom God has extended his breast for Submission, so is he upon a light from his Lord? So, woe to the hardened of their hearts from remembrance of God. Those are in far astray (39:22).
  • Note: God has extended the hearts of those who possess intelligence for Submission (Islam) having a light upon them from Him while woe to those who are in far astray for the hardening of their hearts from remembrance of God.

Quran is the best Hadith indicating both guidance and misguidance

  • God has revealed a best of the hadiths, a book consistent with two ways (guidance and misguidance). The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it (Quran), then their skins and their hearts soften up to God’s message. That is God’s guidance; He guides with it (Quran) whomever He wills, and whomever God sends astray, then there is no guide for him (39:23). So is he who shields of his face (from) the worst punishment on a Day of the Resurrection? It has been said to the wrongdoers, “Taste what you used to earn.” (39:24). Those who had denied of their before, so the punishment came to them from wherever they did not perceive (39:25). So God gave them the humiliation in the worldly life, and certainly, the retribution of the Hereafter is greater, if they knew (39:26).
  • Note: God has given us the best word in the Quran with which He guides those who reflect to His message while He sends astray those who have denied in it falling themselves in the worst situation in a day of the Resurrection including humiliation in the worldly life.

Quran has every kind of example to become righteous

  • And indeed, we have cited for the people in this – the Quran every kind of example that they may take heed (39:27). An Arabic Quran, without having crookedness that they may be righteous (39:28). God has cited an example of a man with him quarreling partners and a man belonging to an agreeing man. Are they (both) the same in comparison? Praise be to God; but most of them do not know (39:29). Surely, you (prophet) will die, and surely, they will die (39:30). Then indeed, a Day of the Resurrection you will dispute before your Lord (39:31). Then who is more wicked than one who lies about God and denies in the truth when it had come to him? Is not in Hell an (just) abode for the disbelievers? (39:32) And for the one who brought the truth and believed in it, those are the righteous (39:33). For them what is they wish with their Lord. That is the reward for the good doers (39:34). That God removes from them worst of what they did and compensates them with best of what they used to do (39:35).
  • Note: God has placed every kind of example in the Quran in which there is no crookedness that we may reflect to become righteous. Those who believed and brought the truth on a day of the Resurrection will be compensated with the best while the disbelievers who lied about God and denied in the truth will be in Hell.

God is sufficient for all of His servants including the prophet

  • Is not God with sufficient for His servant? And they threaten you with those other than Him; and whomever God sends astray, then there is no guide for him (39:36). And whomever God guides, then there is no misleader for him. Is not God with Al-mighty, Avenger of retribution? (39:37). And indeed, if you had asked them who created the heavens and the earth? Indeed, they will say, “God.” Say, “Why then have you seen what you call on other than God? If God intended harm to me, are they relievers of His harm or if He intended to me with mercy, are they withholders of His mercy?” Say, “God is sufficient for me, those who trust should trust upon Him (39:38). Say, “O my people, work your best, indeed me, I am working; then you will know soon (39:39), to whom a punishment of disgracing him, and an everlasting punishment descends upon him.” (39:40).
  • Note: God guides whomever He wills while He misguides whomever He wills. He is Grantor of His mercy while He also withholds His mercy from whomever He wills. Thus, He is sufficient for His servant, and we all should put trust in Him and should avoid any threat by anyone or anything from this world or from His creations.

Truth about the intercession on a Day of the Judgment

  • Indeed, we have revealed the scripture through you (Muhammad) for the people with the truth. Then, whoever has guided, so does for his soul, and whoever has gone astray so does only he strays against it, and you are not over them of an advocate (39:41). God takes the souls at their death and the one who does not die at their sleep. Thus, He keeps the one whom He has decreed the death for them, while sends the others for a specified term. Indeed, in that there are certainly signs for a people who can think about (39:42). Or have they taken intercessors other than God? Say, “Even if, have they not had anything to possess nor do they understand?” (39:43). Say, “To God the intercession for all (lillahi al-shafaa`atu jamee`an).” While to Him dominion of the heavens and the earth, then to Him you will be returned (39:44).
  • Note: Quran has the truth for us to guide or misguide while God takes our souls two times when death comes to us as well as during our sleep but He returns the souls of those who do not die at their sleep confirming that the intercession belongs to God to whom we will be returned. Thus, the concept of intercession on the day of the Resurrection/Judgment by Jesus and Muhammad around us is a myth or misconception introduced by tradition.

God has warned us of the evil behavior when God alone is mentioned

  • And when has been mentioned God alone, has shrunk hearts of those who do not believe in the Hereafter in aversion, and when has been mentioned those other than Him, then they rejoice (39:45). Say: “O God, Creator of the heavens and the earth, Knower of the unseen and the seen, You will judge between Your servants in what they have done to dispute in it.” (39:46). And if those who did wrong had all that in the earth and its equivalent with it they had ransomed with it from evil of the punishment on the Day of Resurrection while it appeared to them from God what they do not expect (39:47). And it became apparent to them evils what they had earned and had surrounded them what they used to mock with it (39:48).
  • Note: Those who have corrupt their faith will face punishment on a day of the Resurrection with a reminder that no ransom will be accepted from them, and no matter what they had done being religious observant while the traditional Muslims around the world has corrupted their faith by adding the names of Muhammad and Ali to the God given shahadah, laa ilaaha illaa allah.

No escape for the foul weather friends from God

  • So when adversity had touched the human, he called upon us, then when we blessed him a favor from us, he said: “I have only been given for intelligence!” Yes, it is a test but most of them do not know (39:49). Indeed, those from them whom of their before said it did not avail of them what they used to earn (39:50). So evils of what they earned struck them and those who have wronged of these will strike them evils of they earned and they are those who cannot escape (39:51).
  • Note: Those who have done evils being the foul-weather friends that will struck them what they have earned and there no escape from God at their meeting with Him.

All of us even being guilty have the opportunity to have God’s mercy

  • Do they not know that God increases the provision for whomever He wills and withholds? Indeed, there are surely signs for a people who believe (39:52). Say: O My servants, those who have transgressed against themselves, they should not despair of God’s mercy. Indeed, God forgives all the sins. Indeed, He is the Forgiving, the Merciful (39:53). And you shall turn to your Lord and submit to Him of before that the punishment comes to you; then you will not be helped (39:54).
  • Note: Those who committed horrendous crimes but if they repent to God and reform thereafter before the punishment comes to them, i. e, the death, God has promised to forgive their all sins.

Every soul can avoid punishment if it follows best from its Lord

  • And you shall follow best of what has been revealed to you from your Lord of before that the punishment comes to you suddenly, while you do not perceive (39:55), lest a soul should say, “Oh! My regret over what I neglected in regard to God and that I was certainly one of the mockers.” (39:56), or should say, “If that God had guided me, surely, I would have been with the righteous.” (39:57), or should say, when it sees the retribution, “If that I could have another chance, I would be with the good doers.” (39:58).
  • Yes indeed, My revelations came to you, but you denied in them and turned arrogant and had been with the disbelievers (39:59). And on a day of the Resurrection, you will see the faces of those who lied about God, their faces will be blackened. Is not Hell an abode for the arrogant? (39:60). And God will save those who feared (Him) with their recompense. No evil will touch them, nor will they grieve (39:61).
  • Note: The arrogant are those who denied in God’s revelations while they cannot avoid miserable suffering in Hell on a day of the Resurrection while those who feared Him will be saved with their compensation so that no evil will touch them nor will they grieve.

God is Creator and Guardian of all things

  • God is Creator of all things and He is Guardian over all things (33:62). To Him belong keys of the heavens and the earth, and those who disbelieved in God’s revelations, those who are the losers (39:63). Say, “Is there any other than God you exhort me to worship, O you the ignorant?” (39:64). And it has certainly been inspired to you and to those of your before that if you ever associated (partners), surely, your works will become worthless, and surely, you will be with the losers (39:65). Yes, so you shall worship God, and shall be with the thankful ones (39:66). And they have not appraised God of His true appraisal, and the whole earth will be at His grip on a Day of the Resurrection, and the heavens will be folding at His right hand. Glory be to Him! And He is so high above what they associate (with Him) (39:67).
  • Note: Those who worshiped God associating partners with Him, all their works will be worthless as they were not able to appraise God as He should be appraised.

The final judgment with truth and justice on a day of the Resurrection

  • And it will be blown in the trumpet that whoever in the heavens and whoever in the earth have fallen dead except whom God wills. Then it will be blown in it another time that they will be standing, looking. (39:68). And the earth has shone with its Lord’s light, and has been placed the record, and will be brought with the prophets and the witnesses, and has been judged between them with the truth; and they will not be wronged (39:69). And every soul will be paid in full what it had done, and He is best Knower of what they do (39:70). And has been driven those who have disbelieved to Hell in groups until when they have reached it, has been opened its gates, and has said its guards to them, “Did not come to you messengers from among you, who recite to you of your Lord revelations and warn you of this meeting of your day?” They have said, “Yes but word of the punishment has justified upon the disbelievers.” (39:71). It has been said, “Enter gates of Hell for abiding therein forever is a miserable abode of the arrogant” (39:72). And has been driven those who have feared their Lord to Paradise in groups until when they have reached it, and has been opened its gates and has said its guards to them, “Peace be upon you, have been done well by you. So, enter it, are abiding forever.” (39:73). They said, “All praise to God, who has fulfilled for us His promise and has made us inherit the earth, we may settle of the Paradise wherever we wish. So has been an excellent reward of the workers” (39:74). And you will see the angels are surrounding, from around the Throne glorifying with praise of their Lord. And has been judged between them with the truth and has been said: “Praise to God, Lord of the worlds.” (39:75).
  • Note: The event of the Resurrection will start when it will be blown in the trumpet second time followed by the first time. The records will be made known to everyone and the judgment will be done between His servants with truth and justice. Those who disbelieved have been driven to Hell in groups for abiding therein forever while those who feared their Lord have been driven to Paradise in groups for abiding therein forever being greeted by its guards.

Summary

  • A revelation from God to worship Him being sincere to Him in the religion belongs to Him.
  • God is Creator and Sovereign who created us from a single soul to worship Him alone.
  • The prophet obeyed God as commanded to worship Him being sincere to Him in His religion.
  • It is not befitting for God to have a son except blasphemy being Sovereign over all things.
  • Believers guide them to be grateful while disbelievers mislead them to be ungrateful to Him.
  • Possessors of the intelligence take heed while they believe and fear God and do good deeds.
  • The losers worship other than God while the winners fear God and avoid the false deities.
  • Possessors of the intelligence reflect as well as listen and follow the word of God (Quran).
  • God has extended hearts of possessors of the intelligence for Islam having a light upon them.
  • Quran is described to be the best Hadith wherein cited every kind of example to be righteous.
  • God is sufficient for all of His servants while He has revealed the Quran with the truth.
  • God takes our souls two times when death comes to us and also during our sleep but He returns the souls of those who do not die at their sleep.
  • He has confirmed us that all the intercession belongs to Him to whom we all will be returned.
  • He has warned of the evil behavior of a people in the event of mentioning God alone to them.
  • No escape for the foul weather friends while everyone has opportunity to have God’s mercy.
  • Every soul can avoid punishment if it follows best of what has been revealed from its Lord.
  • Those who associate partners with God cannot appraise Him as He should be appraised.
  • The event of Resurrection will start by blowing in the trumpet 2nd time followed by the 1st time.
  • Records will be made known and His servants will be judged with the truth and the justice.
  • The disbelievers will be driven in groups to Hell for abiding therein forever while the righteous will be driven in groups to Paradise for abiding therein forever being greeted by its guards.
  • Upon the judgment has been issued, it has been said: “All praise to God, Lord of the worlds.”

Sura al-Zumar describes how the final Judgment will be done specifying compensation of eternal abode for both losers and winners while the losers will be driven to Hell and the winners will be driven to Paradise but we do not see relatedness of intercession as heard in His judgment system.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.
Tafazzal (11/29/2019).