top_heading

Sura Al-Ahzab (Sura 33: Revelation Order 60)

Commandments for the prophet

  • O you prophet, you shall fear God, and you are not to obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Indeed, God is Knower, Wise (33:1). And you shall follow what is inspired to you from your Lord. Indeed, God is Cognizant of what you do (33:2). And you shall put trust on God and with God has sufficed as a Disposer (33:3).
    Note: God has ordered the prophet to follow what is inspired to him and to fear Him and to continue his God given mission putting his trust on God being a Disposer of all things.

God wants us to do what is right to Him

  • God has not made any man with two hearts within his body, nor has He made your wives whom you estrange them as your mothers, nor has He made your adopted sons as your sons. That is your saying by your mouths, but God speaks the truth, and He guides to the path (33:4). You shall call them (adopted sons) by their fathers, which is more just with God. But if you do not know their fathers, then they are your brothers in the religion and family members. And there is no sin for you in what you have made a mistake with this except that has intended of your hearts. And God is Forgiving, Merciful (33:5). The prophet is closer to the believers than themselves and his wives are as their mothers. And possessors of relationship are closer to one another in God’s scripture than the believers and the emigrants except that you do to your friends as kindness. That is a decree in the scripture (33:6).
    Note: The relationship is established through blood relation not by verbal words, and what is right to God is decreed in His scripture.

A covenant with prophets of sending a messenger

  • And once, we took from the prophets their covenant, and from you (Muhammad), and from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus the son of Mary. And we took from them a solemn covenant. (33:7). That He will ask the truthful about their truthfulness, and He has prepared for the disbelievers a painful retribution (33:8).
    Note: The covenant with all the prophets of sending a messenger upon delivering all the scripture stated in 3:81 has been confirmed including Muhammad to eliminate any doubt from our hearts about Muhammad to be the prophesied messenger misinterpreted by many so called scholars.

Fighting exposes the disbelievers and hypocrites

  • O you who believed, remember God’s favor upon you when soldiers came upon you, and we sent upon them a wind and soldiers you could not see them. And God is Seer of what you do (33:9). When they came upon you from above you and from beneath you, and when your eyes became terrified, and the hearts reached to the throat, and you thought unbefitting thoughts about God (33:10). That is when the believers were tested and were shaken by a severe shake (33:11). And when the hypocrites and those who have a disease in their hearts said: “God and His messenger promised us nothing but delusion (33:12)!” And a group of them said: “O people of Yathrib, there are no stand for you, so you shall retreat.” And a group of them asked permission of the prophet, saying: “Indeed, our homes are exposed,” while they were not exposed. They did not want except to flee (33:13). And if it had been entered over them from all sides, then they had been asked the treachery, they would have done it and they would not have hesitated over it except a little (33:14). And indeed, they had pledged to God before they would not turn their backs, and a pledge has done to God to be questioned (33:15). Say: “The fleeing will not benefit you if you had fled from the death or the killing (this time), and then you will not be allowed to enjoy except a short while (33:16).” Say: “Who is the one can protect you from God if He intends for you any harm, or He intends for you a mercy?” And they will not find any protector other than God nor a helper (33:17). Certainly, God knows the hinderers among you, and those who say to their brothers: “Come with us.” And they will not come to the battle except a few (33:18). They are miserly towards you. But when the fear comes, you see them looking at you rolling their eyes like one who faints from the death approaching on him. But when the fear has gone, they whip you with sharp tongues being miserly towards the good. Those are who have not believed, so God nullifies their works, and that has been easy for God (33:19). They think that the confederates have not mobilized, and if the confederates march on, they wish if that they were in the desert among the Arabs, seeking about your news. And if they were among you, they would not have fought except a few (33:20).
    Note: Fighting is decreed in the religion for exposing the disbelievers, the hypocrites and the believers who put their trust in their Lord participating in the battle, and God nullified their works who claimed themselves believers but escaped fighting with their excuses.

Signs of the true believers

  • Certainly, it has been made a good example for you in God’s messenger (Quran) for one who has hope for God and the Last Day, and remembers God frequently (33:21). And when the believers saw the confederates, they said: “This is what God has promised us and His messenger, and God speaks truth and His messenger.” This has not increased them except faith and compliance (33:22). There are men among the believers who have fulfilled what they promised to God on it. So, someone of them has fulfilled his vow (through death), while someone of them is waiting; but they have not changed any change (33:23). That God will recompense the truthful for their truthfulness, and will punish the hypocrites if He wills, or He may turn to them in mercy (upon their repentance). Indeed, God is Forgiving, Merciful (33:24).
    Note: What is sent to the prophet has been referred as God’s messenger confirming that God and His messenger always speak the truth to augment the trust of the believers in His message as well as the person who has been chosen to deliver the message.

God granted victory to the believers

  • And God turned back those who disbelieved in their rage, they gained no good. God has sufficed the battle for the believers. And God is Powerful, Almighty (33:25). And He brought down those who supported them from the people of the scripture from their secure positions, and He threw terror into their hearts. Some of them you killed and some you took captive (33:26). And He caused to inherit you their land, and their homes, and their properties, and a land you had never stepped on. And God is powerful over everything (33:27).
    Note: Victory comes from God who has permitted the believers to occupy the opposition’s land, homes and properties to punish them on the earth by the hands of the believers.

Warning for the prophet’s wives

  • O you prophet, say to your wives: “If you desire the worldly life and its adornment, then come, I will provide for you and release you a fair release (33:28).” “But if you desire God and His messenger and the abode of the Hereafter, then God has prepared for the good doers among you a great reward (33:29).” O wives of the prophet, who among you commits evident lewdness, the retribution will be doubled for her, and that is easy for God (33:30). And whoever among you is obedient to God and His messenger and does good works, we will give double her reward, and we have prepared for her a generous provision (33:31). O wives of the prophet, you are not like anyone of the women. If you fear (God), then do not be soft in speech that who has a disease in his heart will move with desire, and you shall speak in an appropriate manner (33:32). And you shall settle down in your homes, and you are not to display yourselves as displaying of the older days of ignorance. You shall observe the Contact Prayer, and shall give the Obligatory Charity, and shall obey God and His messenger. God only wishes to remove the impurity from you, O family of the Shrine, and to purify you a complete purification (33:33). And you shall pay heed what is recited in your homes of God’s revelations and the wisdom. Indeed, God is Sublime, Cognizant (33:34).
    Note: God has addressed Muhammad as the prophet to interact with his people being part of his lifetime activities and the example here is very convincing to eliminate any doubt about it when he was asked to warn his wives; and his wives were commanded to obey God and His messenger not their husband.

Whoever disobeys God and His messenger has gone astray

  • Surely, the submitting men, and the submitting women, the believing men, and the believing women, the obedient men, and the obedient women, the truthful men, and the truthful women, and the patient men, and the patient women, and the humble men, and the humble women, and the charitable men, and the charitable women, and the fasting men, and the fasting women, and the men who guard their chastity, and the chaste women, and the men who commemorate God frequently, and the commemorating women; God has prepared for them forgiveness and a great recompense (33:35). And it is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when God and His messenger have decided a matter that they should have the choice of their decision, and whoever disobeys God and His messenger, he has gone far astray (33:36).
    Note: Those who whether men or women have obeyed God and His messenger, and have done righteous works deserve a great recompense with God while those who have disobeyed God and His messenger have gone far astray.

God’s command is a destined decree

  • And you (Muhammad) said to whom God has bestowed favor on him and you have bestowed on him: “You shall keep your wife to yourself and shall fear God.” And you concealed within yourself what God was to disclose, and you feared the people, while God is worthy that you should fear Him. So, when Zaid ended his relationship from her, we wished you to have her as spouse that there is no wrongdoing for the believers for the wives of their adopted sons when they have ended relationship from them. And God’s command has to be done (33:37). There is no blame on the prophet in what God has obligated for him. Such is God’s system with the people passed on from before, and God’s command is a destined decree (33:38). Those who convey God’s messages and fear Him, and they do not fear anyone except God. And with God has sufficed as a Reckoner (33:39).
    Note: No one can hide from God what is in his heart, even the prophet was not what was in his heart about marriage of the divorced wife of his adopted son and His command shall be done, which is the system from the past while those who convey God’s message shall not fear anyone except God.

Muhammad has been given a messenger of God and a seal of the prophets

  • Muhammad has not been a father of anyone of your men but has had a God’s messenger and a seal of the prophets. And God has done being Knower of everything (33:40).
    Note: Even though Muhammad is not father of any men but the message he is delivering is a God’s messenger and seal of the prophets being the ending edition of the scripture for humanity.

Honorable reward from God for the believers for His frequent remembrance

  • O you who have believed, you shall remember God a frequent remembrance (33:41). And you shall glorify Him morning and evening (33:42).
  • He is the One who helps you and (so do) His angels, to lead you out of the darkness into the light. And He is Merciful to the believers (33:43). Their greeting the day they meet Him: “Peace” and He has prepared for them an honorable reward (33:44).
    Note: The true believers will be greeted with “Peace” when they meet their Lord because of frequent remembrance of their Lord according to the message given to His prophet.

Prophet’s duty was to deliver what was sent down to him as a great blessing

  • O you prophet, we have sent you a witness, and a bearer of good news, and a warner (33:45), and a caller to God by His permission, and an illuminating light (33:46). And you shall give the believers good news of that there is a great blessing for them from God (33:47). And you should not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites and shall ignore their insult, and shall put your trust in God while God suffices as an Advocate (33:48).
    Note: The teaching in the above verses is not the prophet as a person but the message given to him is a great blessing from God for the believers being witness, bearer of good news, warner, a caller to God and an illuminating light. Even, the factual conclusion can be drawn from the above 3 verses (33:45 – 47) being the total of the relevant sura and verse numbers a multiple of 19 to eliminate any traces of doubt from our hearts => 33 + 45 + 46 + 47 = 171 (19x9).

Divorce and marriage laws indicating privileges for the prophet

  • O you who believed, when you marry the believer women, then you have divorced them before that you have touched them, then you do not have to count any waiting period on them for you. So, you shall provide for them and shall release them a fair release (33:49). O you prophet, we have made lawful for you your wives whom you have given their bridal reward and those who are rightfully yours whom God has given to you, and the daughters of your father’s brothers, and the daughters of your father’s sisters, and the daughters of your mother’s brothers, and the daughters of your mother’s sisters who have emigrated with you, and if a believing woman who gives herself to the prophet, if the prophet wishes to marry her, is only for you not for the believers. Certainly, we know what we have made obligatory for them (believers) about their wives and whom they rightfully possess that there should not be any discomfort for you. And God is forgiving, Merciful (33:50). You may defer whomever you will of them and you may take to yourself whomever you will. And whoever you desire of those whom you have set aside then there is no sin upon you. That is more appropriate that they may be comforted and they do not grieve, and may be pleased with what you have given each of them. And God knows what is in your hearts while God is Knower, Forbearing (33:51). No women are lawful for you beyond this, and that you are not to exchange of them for (other) wives, even if their beauty pleases you except for whom you rightfully possess. And God is Watcher over all things (33:52).
    Note: Divorce must be done in a fair manner, even though the prophet has given certain privileges in marriage for good reason but limiting to certain matters as well.

A warning for not exceeding limits falling into advantageous situation

  • O you who believed, you are not to enter the prophet’s homes except that you are invited for a meal, without awaiting its preparation. But when you are invited, you may enter, and when you and he was shy to tell you. But God is not shy of the truth. And when you are to ask them (his wives) for anything, then ask them from behind a barrier. This is purer for your hearts and their hearts. And it is not for you to annoy the messenger of God, nor that should you marry his wives after him. Indeed, that would be a gross offense in the sight of God (33:53). If you reveal anything, or hide it, then indeed, God is Knower of everything (33:54).
    Note: God has made restrictions for the believers including access to prophet’s home and marrying his wife after him, which is better for the believers as well for the prophet’s wives and He has done it having knowledge of everything.

Dress code for the believing women

  • There is no sin upon them (women) around their fathers nor their sons, nor their brothers, nor sons of their brothers, nor sons of their sisters, nor their women, nor what they rightfully possess (their male servants). And you (women) shall fear God. Indeed, God is a Witness over all things (33:55).
    Note: God has not defined any dress code for the believing women in the family setting while they can dress up whatever they seem befitting for them.

The believers were to support and honor the prophet

  • Indeed, God and His angels support the prophet. O you who believed, you shall support him, and shall honor him with befitting honoring (33:56).
  • Indeed, those who annoy God and His messenger, God has cursed them in the worldly life and the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a shameful retribution (33:57). And those who harm the believing men and the believing women, without having what they have earned, then certainly, they bear false accusation and a gross sin (33:58).
    Note: Here is the commandment for the contemporary believers to support and honor the prophet being involved in the prophet’s lifetime activities but not after him while those who annoy God and harm His messenger including the believing men and women will face serious consequences.

Dress code for the contemporary believing women

  • O you prophet, say to your wives, and your daughters, and the women of the believers that they should cover them with their garments. That is more appropriate that they can be recognized and are not harmed while God is Forgiving, Merciful (33:59).
    Note: The believing women should cover them appropriately, is better for them that they can be recognized and are not harmed and the message is a recommendation from God for their good.

God punished the criminals on earth by the believers

  • If the hypocrites, and those who in their hearts there is a disease, and those who spread rumors in the city do not stop, then we will let you overpower them, then they will not remain your neighbors therein except for a short while (33:60). They are cursed wherever they are found. They are seized and are killed a terrible killing (33:61). Such is God’s system with those passed on from before, and you will not find any change in God’s system (33:62).
    Note: God has cursed the criminals and has ensured their punishment in this world by the hands of the believers while He will punish them in the Hereafter as well.

Knowledge of the Hour and compensation followed by it

  • The people ask you (prophet) about the Hour. Say: “Its knowledge is only with God, and what will make you know that the Hour is near (33:63)!” Indeed, God has cursed the disbelievers, and has prepared for them Blazing Fire (33:64); abiding therein forever, they will find no protector or helper (33:65). The day their faces will be turned over in the Fire, they will say: “Oh, we wish we had obeyed God, and obeyed the messenger (33:66).” And they will say: “Our Lord, we obeyed our leaders and our learned ones, but they misled us from the straight path (33:67). Our Lord, give them double the retribution, and curse them with a great curse (33:68).”
    Note: We know that the end of the world is near when the Quran was revealed in 609 while it has confirmed from the Quran that the world will come to an end in 2280, and the end of the world after 1672 years is not too far as per God is concern. The disbelievers would wish that they obeyed the messenger when they see the retribution and would admit that they are in such consequences because of misguidance for obeying their leaders and learned ones that we see as a disaster in the world for those who claim them to be the believers but deserting the messenger, the Quran.

Obeying God and His messenger is only means to attain nearness with God

  • O you who believed, you are not to be like those who harmed Moses, then God cleared him of what they said, and he was honorable near God (33:69). O you who believed, you shall fear God and speak a right word (33:70). He will adjust your works for you, and forgive your sins for you. And whoever obeys God and His messenger has achieved a great achievement (33:71).
    Note: God’s command about the great achievement with Him is very simple and straightforward, which is just to obey Him and to follow His message so that every one of us who fears God and the Hereafter can achieve this goal.

Test of trustworthiness of all God’s creatures

  • Indeed, we had offered the trust to the heavens and the earth, and the mountains, but they refused that they bear it and feared from it, while the human being bore it. Indeed, he had been the ignorant wicked (33:72). That God will punish the hypocrite men and the hypocrite women, and the idolatrous men and the idolatrous women while God will turn in mercy to the believing men and the believing women. And God is Forgiving, Merciful (33:73).
    Note: Through this test God detected ignorance and inconsistency of the human being in the past and He has given him a chance on the earth to get back to Him being the true believers in Him.

Conclusion

Sura consists of 73 verses and starts with addressing Muhammad as a prophet to indicate his lifetime activities with the contemporaries during the revelation of the message given to him to accomplish his mission. The contemporary believers are to support and honor the prophet being involved in the prophet’s lifetime activities while he was ordered to follow what has been inspired to him and to fear Him as well as to continue his God given mission despite strong opposition from the disbelievers and the hypocrites having his firm confidence in God. Muhammad has been addressed as the prophet in many instances in the Quran being part of his lifetime activities but which is very convincing to eliminate any doubt about it as the prophet was asked to warn his wives; and his wives were commanded to obey God and His messenger.

Those who deliver God’s message are accountable to Him, even though Muhammad has not been a father of any men but the message he is delivering is a God’s messenger and seal of the prophets being the final edition of the scripture for humanity. While not the prophet as a person but the message given to him being witness, bearer of good news, warner, a caller to God and an illuminating light is a great blessing from God for the believers of all generations of people.

The covenant with the prophets of sending a messenger upon delivering all the scripture stated in 3:81 is confirmed including Muhammad in 33:7 to eliminate any doubt from our hearts about Muhammad to be the prophesied messenger due to misinterpretation by the so called scholars. Despite a severe warning of anyone who disbelieves the prophesied messenger when he comes to them has to suffer painful retribution has been disregarded by the vast majority, even the message, ‘the mathematical coding of Quran’ given to the messenger is around us about 50 years.

The world will come to an end in 2280 has been confirmed from the Quran, while the hint it is near when the Quran was revealed in 609 and the end of the world after 1672 years is not too far as per God is concern. The disbelievers would wish that they obeyed the messenger when they see the retribution and would admit that they are in such consequences because of misguidance for obeying their leaders and learned ones that we see as a disaster in the world for those who claim them to be the believers but deserting the messenger, the Quran. But God’s command for the great achievement with Him is very simple and straightforward, which is just to obey Him and to follow His message so that every one of us who fears God and the Hereafter can achieve this goal.

The true believers will be greeted with “Peace” when they meet their Lord because of frequent remembrance of their Lord, and we can be with them if we only follow God’s messenger (message), which is the means of great achievement with God avoiding the misguidance of leaders and learned ones so that we do not have to say “Oh, we wish we had obeyed God and obeyed the messenger.”
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.
Tafazzal (8/23/2019).