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Surah Al- Najm (Sura 53: Revelation Order 23)

Introduction

Surah Al-Najm (The Star) is a wa-prefixed sura like other 14 suras in the Quran. Wa is an Arabic letter that does not only represent sound but used as an Arabic conjunction meaning “and” which connects two or more verses, and two or more phrases and words in the verses. It also serves as informal oaths of God denoting “By” being at the beginning of 15 suras as well as there are 2 occurrences being even in the middle of suras (74:32 and 86:11) adding to total 17 occurrences in the Quran, while there are also 7 formal oaths of God denoting “I swear by” in it to affirm the truth in His certain statements.

However, this sura is very crucial for us to understand that God Himself has inspired the Quran all at once to His servant coming down to another descent (53:4-18) as well as informing us that He has sent down the clear scripture in a blessed night clarifying every wise matter (44:1-4) completing the night long process involving the angels and the Gabriel (97:1-5), and mentioning the night journey of the prophet (17:1) in the month of Ramadan in which the guidance is given (2:185), even specifying the sets of verses involved with the event, which can also be confirmed with the Quran’s code as shown in the table below to see at a glance:

Note: The placement of Quran in prophet’s soul has been mentioned in 26 verses across 5 suras while sura 53 is so important for us to reflect as God Himself has inspired it into His servant describing the event in 15 verses including the place and environment while He has been in another descent and  we also know He came down to earth at an appointment with Moses and gave 10 commandments.

Details of the sura

Surah Al-Najm is a short sura but if we can reflect its verses, especially the messages of its 15 verses from 4 to 18 may help us to understand that God has not commanded us to celebrate a night of the Power to have a reward equivalent to thousand months from God except a tradition that came down to us from the past. However, here is an attempt to detail out its verses in the English translation going through its Arabic text and grammar adding subtitles to be sure where there is a shift of the message within the surah including short notes below to understand better the messages in the surah:

God’s oath

  • By the star when it has gone down (53:1).
  • Note: A statement of God’s oath referring to the shooting star which is a natural phenomenon occasionally visible to the people, but referring this verse to the journey of the prophet when he has been taken to another descent to receive the whole Quran is a misinterpretation as his journey being specific is covered in another verse (17:1).

Muhammad has not been in astray nor does he speak from his own desire

  • Your friend (Muhammad) has not gone astray, nor has he erred (53:2). Nor does he speak from the desire (53:3).
  • Note: God has affirmed the prophet’s contemporaries even the people of subsequent generations by taking an oath that what the prophet is reciting to them is not from his desire to believe in him as well as in what is being recited to them.

Inspiration of Quran all at once into Muhammad’s soul

  • It was not but an inspiration, was revealed (53:4). The Most Powerful has taught him (53:5). Possessor of all power so He has established (53:6). And He is in the highest horizon (53:7). Then He had approached so He came down (53:8). Thus, He has been at a closer distance or nearer (53:9). Then He has inspired into His servant what He has revealed (53:10).
  • Note:The above 7 verses refer to God who has placed the Quran all at once into the prophet‘s soul while 7 is a significant number as per God is concern.

  • The mind has not erred what it has seen (53:11). Will you then be differed from him on what he sees (53:12)? And certainly, he has seen him in another descent (53:13). Near a Lote Tree to the farthest place (53:14). Near it is a Garden of the Refuge (53:15). When it covers the Lote Tree what it covers (53:16). The vision has not deviated, nor has it gone wrong (53:17). Certainly, he has seen the great signs of his Lord (53:18).
  • Note: The above 8 verses talk about His servant (Muhammad) who has been inspired including the description of the place and the environment where it took place, when the Lote Tree has been in full blossom near a Garden of the Refuge (jannatu al-mawaa) wherein once we all used to live before of our sending down to the earth. It is also noteworthy that God came down to the earth to directly speak to Moses (4:164, 7:142) while it has been for Him another descent to inspire the Quran all at once into Muhammad’s soul.

Idols those the Arabs used to worship as God’s daughters

  • Have you then seen Allat, and Aluzzah (53:19), and Manat, the third one? (53:20). Do you have the male and He has the female? (53:21). This what a disgraceful distribution is! (53:22). This is not but of names you have named them – you and your forefathers. God has not sent down any power for them. They do not follow except the conjecture and what the souls desire, and certainly, has come to them the guidance from their Lord (53:23). Or is there for the human being what he has wished (53:24)?
  • Note: The polytheist Arabs gave the names to the idols and considered them daughters of God expecting from them that they will recommend to God for their good while He has confirmed that He has not sent down any power to them. It is their conjecture and what they do are desire of their souls but God has sent down guidance and the human being should not think that he will get what he wishes for.

Even the angels have no power of intercession with God

  • While to God belongs the Hereafter and the Here (53:25). And how many of an angel are in the heavens, their intercession of anything will not avail except after that God gives permission for whomever He wills and approves (53:26). Indeed, those who do not believe in the Hereafter, certainly, they name the angels the feminine names (53:27).
  • Note: Both this world and the Hereafter belong to God and He has not given any power of intercession to anyone, even the angels while those who do not believe in the Hereafter have given them the female names.

God will compensate for evil and good based on the message sent down

  • And for them there is no knowledge of it. They do not follow except the conjecture. And indeed, the conjecture does not help anything against the truth (53:28). So you (prophet) shall turn away from whoever has turned away from our reminder and he does not desire except the life of the world (53:29). That is their extent of the knowledge. Indeed, your Lord is He who knows best of whoever has strayed from His path, and He knows best of whoever has guided (53:30). And to God belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth that He will compensate those who have done evil with what they have done, and will compensate those who have good with the best (53:31). Those who avoid gross sins and evil thoughts, except for minor faults; indeed, your Lord’s forgiveness is immense. He is Knower of you when He created you from the earth and when you were embryos in your mothers’ wombs. So, you do not assign uprightness to yourselves; He is Knower of who fears (53:32).
  • Note: Those who have no knowledge of the message, i.e., the Quran follow the conjecture and are proud of their uprightness, which is against the truth. The prophet has been commanded to turn away from those who turn away from the message given to him. God knows who fears Him and will compensate for both evil and good based on the message sent down while He will forgive the minor sins but not the gross sins.

Compensation at the time of death and at the final judgment

  • Have you seen the one who turned away (53:33)? He has given little to charity, and has withheld (much) (53:34). Has he knowledge of the future that he could see (53:35)? Or is he not informed of what in the scripture of Moses (53:36)? And is Abraham who has fulfilled (53:37)? That not a bearer will bear burden of another (53:38). And that it has not been for the human being except what he has strived for (53:39). And his striving will soon be seen (53:40). Then he will be compensated the full recompense for it (53:41). And that to your Lord is the final destiny (53:42). And that He who has made you laugh and has made you cry (53:43). And that He who has caused death and has given life (53:44).
  • Note: Those who turn away from the message are not charitable, which has been informed even through Moses and Abraham. No soul will bear burden of another soul. Those who strive in the cause of God, He will compensate them at the time of death and at the final judgment as He controls death and life.

God has created male and female to reproduce humans

  • And that He has created the pairs – male and female (53:45). From a tiny drop of semen when it has been ejected (53:46). And that upon Him is the reproduction of another one (53:47). And that He who has made you rich and poor (53:48). And that He who is Lord of the Sirius (53:49).
  • Note: God multiplies humans through male and female reproduction system while He makes them rich and poor, and He is Lord of the great star system.

Destruction of the wicked people in the past

  • And that He has destroyed Aad in the past (53:50). And Thamud that He has not spared (53:51). And the people of Noah before that; indeed, they who have been more wicked and rebellious (53:52). And the evil communities He has overturned (53:53). So He has covered them what it has covered (53:54).
  • Note: God has mentioned the destruction of the wicked people with severe punishment in different generations in the past, which is a warning for the people of the later generations to reflect that they can find the right path to their Lord.

A warner that hints the end of the world is closer

  • So, which of your Lord’s favors will you deny (53:55)? This is a warner of the former warners (53:56). The Approaching Day has approached (53:57). There has not been any remover of it other than God (53:58). Do you then wonder of this statement (53:59)? And you are laughing while you are not crying (53:60). And you are making enjoyment (53:61). So you shall prostrate to God and shall worship (Him) (53:62).
  • Note: God has sent down a warner (Quran) as He has sent down the warners in the past. The end of the world is near so all of us should prostrate to God and worship Him to prevent us from this difficult day.

Summary

  • Sura Al-Najm is a short sura consisting of 62 verses including 15 short simple verses in the sura dealing with the inspiration of the Quran all at once into prophet’s soul.
  • It begins with an oath of God referring to an event occasionally visible to the people to assure the prophet’s contemporaries and the people of the later generations that what he is sharing with the people is not from his own desire except an inspiration from God.
  • God has clearly explained that He Himself has placed the Quran all at once into the prophet’s soul coming down to another descent to bring the prophet closer to Him.
  • He has also explained where the inspiration took place allegorically describing the place and the environment while the prophet saw him in another descent and great signs of God while we also know that He came down to the earth once before to directly speak to Moses, one of His servants chosen for Himself.
  • The polytheist Arabs used to worship idols as God’s daughters for their betterment giving names to them, even He has not sent down any power to them. It was their conjecture, which is against the truth.
  • Both worlds belong to God which means that He has absolute authority and has not given any power of intercession to anyone, even not the angels who serve Him 24 hours.
  • Those who have no knowledge of the message sent down follow the conjecture and are proud of their uprightness, while the conjecture is against the truth.
  • The prophet has been commanded to turn away from those who has turned away from the message given to him.
  • God knows who fears Him and will compensate for both evil and good based on the message sent down while He will forgive the minor sins but not the gross sins.
  • Those who turn away from the message are not charitable, which has been informed even through Moses and Abraham.
  • No soul will bear burden of any other soul. Thus, those who strive in the cause of God, He will compensate them at the time of their death and at the final judgment as He controls death and life.
  • God multiplies humans through the male and female reproduction system while He can make any of them rich or poor, and He is Lord of the great star system.
  • God has mentioned the destruction of the wicked people in different generations in the past, which is a warning for the people of later generations to reflect that they can find the right path to their Lord.

Conclusion

Here are highlights of sura: (1) the prophet has not shared anything from his own desire, (2) inspiration of Quran all at once into prophet’s soul by God Himself, (3) the Arabs worshipped idols considering them God’s daughters, (4) God has not assigned any power to the angels for intercession with Him, (5) God will compensate for evil and good as per the given message, (6) He compensates at the time of death and will  also compensate in full on a Day of the Judgment, (7) He has created the male and the female reproduction system to multiply humans, (8) destruction of the wicked people in the past is a warning for the people of later generations and (9) a warner that hints the end of the world is closer.

By taking oath God has confirmed that the prophet has not shared anything from his own but volumes and volumes hadith books have been created after his death claiming his sayings and deeds, are now in practice being the main sources of Islam among the vast majority who claim them Muslims instead of the Quran. Despite a warning in the Quran that God has made an enemy for every prophet from the criminal seven He has sufficed as Guide and Helper (25:31) and the devils from the human and the jinn who will deceive people with fancy words (6:112) and those who do not believe in the Hereafter will listen to them (6:113). God has not allowed angels who serve Him 24 hours to intercede with Him while several billion people believe that their prophets will intercede on behalf of them to put them to Heaven, is nothing but a satanic trick to put all of us in Hell can be penetrable using common sense.

In the sura, 15 verses are very special for us to reflect as they talk about inspiration that took place in another descent, the outer boundary for the human in any form is the place near a Garden of the Refuge from where we are sent down to the earth. Thus, what God has given us from where we are sent down to get back correcting ourselves, could not be a matter of recurrent celebration of a night except man-made instead to know it would be the topmost priority being the scripture is a handle to hold fast to Him.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.
Tafazzal (6/19/2020).