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Surah al-Duhaa (Surah 93: Revelation Order 11)

Oath of God

  • By the forenoon (93:1). And the night when it has covered with darkness (93:2).
    Note: This is an oath of God referring to (1) the brightness of the day and (2) the darkness of the night.

God has neither abandoned the prophet nor has He been displeased upon him

  • Your Lord has neither abandoned you, nor has He been displeased (93:3).
    Note: Here is an indication that there had been intermission of revelation to the prophet for a while, and by taking oath God has confirmed that He had neither abandoned him nor had He been displeased upon him.

Advice for the prophet to do what was good for him

  • And surely, the Hereafter is better for you (prophet) than the first life (93:4). And your Lord will soon give you (enough) that you will be pleased (93:5).
    Note: God has let the prophet know that the Hereafter is far better than the life of the world, and He will give him enough that will make him happy to encourage him to strengthen his heart at the beginning of sending down the revelation to him.

Blessings of God upon the prophet that He has minded him

  • Did He not find you an orphan, then He has given you home (93:6? And He has found you astray, then He has guided (93:7). And He has found you poor, then He has made rich (93:8).
    Note: God has found him orphan but He had given him a home. He has found him astray but He had guided him, while He has found him poor but He had made him rich, which are truth about the prophet but many of us cannot bring them into consideration, even God has not hidden anything from the believers about His prophet to let them know who he was before choosing him as a prophet to recite the Quran to the people that the believers can focus on the message given to him instead of him as a person.

Advice for the prophet to deal with the orphan and the needy

  • So, as for the orphan that do not forsake (93:9). And as for the beggar that do not repel (93:10).
    Note: God has advised His prophet how he will deal with the orphan and the poor considering him being one of them.

Advice for the prophet to remember the favor on himself from his Lord

  • And as for the favor of your Lord that you remember (93:11).
    Note: God has advised His prophet to remember the favors upon him from his Lord to be just upon the people who he were dealing, especially the orphans, the poor and those who are in astray.

Surah al-Duhaa (The Forenoon) is a short surah consisting of 11 verses begins with an oath of God referring to the brightness of the day and the darkness of the night to inform us who had been the prophet before choosing him as a prophet to recite the Quran to the people that the believers can focus on the message given to him instead of him as a person, and can be reviewed it reflecting that there was intermission of revelation to the prophet when God had ensured him that a better thing is waiting for him in the Hereafter, while He had reminded him that he was orphan but gave him home, he was poor but made him rich and he was in astray but guided him. Thus, God has advised His prophet to deal with the orphan and the poor considering him being one of them and to remember the favors upon him from his Lord to be just upon the people when he was dealing with them was an advice from God that he can succeed in spreading His message among the people, even among the people who were strong opposition against him.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.
Tafazzal (02/23/2024).