- Ta Ha (20:1)
Note: Ta Ha. as an oath of God being at the beginning of the sura affirms the miraculous story of Moses in the sura including other events and commandments stated in it. However, the initial Ta Ha prefixes Sura 20 while the initial Ta Seen prefixes sura 27 and the initial Ta Seen Meem prefixes its surrounding suras 26 & 28. The letter Ha is also found in sura 19. Thus, an intricate interlocking relationship links these overlapping Quranic Initials produce a total which is a multiple of 19 => 1767 = 19x93. The interlocking initials H, TH, TS and TSM prefix suras describing the miracles of Moses, Jesus, and the uncommon occurrences surrounding Solomon and his jinns.
- We have not revealed the Quran to you (Muhammad) that you may distress (20:2). Except a reminder for whoever fears (20:3). A revelation from Who has created the earth and the high heavens (20:4). The Most Gracious has established on the Throne (20:5). To Him belongs what is in the heavens and what is the earth, and what is between them, and what is beneath the ground (20:6). And if you speak out of the word, then indeed, He knows the secret and hidden (20:7). God: there is no god except He. To Him belongs the best names (20:8).
Note: The Quran is from the Creator of the earth and the high heavens as well as the Most Gracious established on the throne to remind those who fear Him. God knows the secret and hidden, and there is no other god besides He who has the most beautiful names.
- Have you noted the history of Moses? (20:9). When he saw a fire, he said to his family, “Stay here. I have seen a fire. Maybe I can bring something therefrom or find some guidance at the fire.” (20:10).
Note When Moses saw a fire he had left his people and had come to a fire if he could bring guidance from it.
- When he came to it, he was called, “O, Moses (20:11). I am your Lord; take off your sandals. You are in the sacred valley of Tuwa (20:12). I have chosen you (Moses), so listen to what is being revealed (20:13). Indeed Me, I am God; there is no god except I. So, you shall worship Me and shall observe the Contact Prayer (al-salata) for My remembrance (20:14). Indeed, the Hour is coming; I will almost hide it that each soul is compensated for what it strives (20:15). So you do not avert you from it; whoever does not believe in it (the Hour) and has followed his desire that you perish (20:16).
Note: God informed Moses when he was in the sacred valley of Tuwa that the Hour (the end of the world) is surely coming but He will keep it hidden from the people until certain time while whoever has disbelieved in it will perish.
- “What is in your right hand, O Moses?” (20:17). He said, “This is my staff. I lean on it, herd my sheep with it, and I use it for other purposes.” (20:18). He said, “Throw it down, O’ Moses.” (20:19). He threw it down, whereupon it turned into a moving serpent (20:20). He said, “Pick it up; do not be afraid. We will return it to its original state (20:21). And place your hand under your arm; it will come out white without a blemish; another proof (20:22). We thus show you some of our great signs.”(20:23).
Note: God showed Moses some of His great signs when he physically spoke to Him.
- “Go to Pharaoh, for he has transgressed.” (20:24). He said, “My Lord, expand my breast for me (20:25).And make my task easy for me (20:26). And untie a knot from my tongue (20:27). So they can understand my speech (20:28). And appoint an assistant for me from my family(20:29). Aaron, my brother (20:30). Strengthen me with him (20:31). Let him be my partner in this task (20:32). That we may glorify You enough (20:33). And commemorate You enough (20:34). You are Seer of us.” (20:35). He said, “Your request is granted, O Moses (20:36).
Note: Moses’ request was granted when he asked for support to face with Pharaoh, a great tyrant.
- “We have blessed you another time (20:37). When we revealed to your mother what we revealed (20:38). That `Put him into the box, then throw him into the river. The river will throw him onto the shore, to be picked up by an enemy of Mine and an enemy of his.’ I showered you with love from Me, and that you shall be raised under My eye (20:39). Your sister walked to them and said, `I can tell you about a nursing mother who can take good care of him.’ We thus returned you to your mother, that she may be happy and stop worrying. And when you killed a person, we saved you from the grievous consequences; indeed we tested you thoroughly. You stayed years with the people of Midyan, and now you have come back in accordance with a precise plan, O Moses (20:40).
Note: Moses had been favored in several occasions.
- I have chosen you for Myself.” (20:41). Go, you and your brother with My signs, and you (both) do not waver in remembering Me” (20:42). “Go, both of you to Pharaoh, indeed, he has transgressed (20:43). Speak to him nicely; he may take heed, or become reverent.” (20:44). They said, “Our Lord, we fear lest he may attack us, or transgress.”(20:45). He said, “Do not be afraid, for I will be with you, listening and watching (20:46). So go to him and say, `We are (two) messengers from your Lord. So send the Children of Israel with us. And you do not torment them. Certainly, we have come to with a sign from your Lord, and the peace upon whoever has followed the guidance (20:47). Indeed we; certainly, it has been inspired to us that the punishment will be on whoever has denied and has turned away.’ ” (20:48).
Note: Moses was commanded to go to Pharaoh with his brother, Aaron to show him a sign of God to prevent him from persecuting the Children of Israel.
- He said, “Who is your Lord for both, O Moses.” (20:49). He said, “Our Lord is the One who gave everything to its form, and then guided.” (20:50). He said, “What about the past generations?” (20:51). He said, “Its knowledge is with my Lord in a record. My Lord does not err nor does He forget.” (20:52).
Note: Moses’s solid belief about God was tested and confirmed.
- He is the One who made for you the earth habitable and made ways for you in it, and He sent down water from the sky, thus, we brought out with it pairs of diverse plants (20:53). Eat and raise your livestock. These are sufficient proofs for those who possess intelligence (20:54). From it we created you, into it we return you, and from it we bring you out once again (20:55).
Note: We are created from earth, we are returning into it and we will be brought out of it.
- We showed him all our proofs, but he denied and refused (20:56). He said, “Did you come here to take us out of our land with your magic, O Moses? (20:57). “We will surely show you similar magic. Therefore, make an appointment between us and you that neither we, nor you will violate; in a neutral place.” (20:58). He said, “Your appointment is the day of festival, and that the people will be assembled in the forenoon.” (20:59). Then Pharaoh went away and made his plan, then came (20:60). Moses said to them, “Woe to you. Do not fabricate lies about God, lest you are destroyed by His punishment and surely, he who fabricates will fail.” (20:61). They disputed their matter among them and they kept secret their conversation (20:62). They said, “These two are no more than magicians who wish to take you out of your land with their magic, and to destroy your best way of life (20:63). Make your plan and come as united. Whoever beats will be the winner today.” (20:64). They said, “O Moses, either you throw, or we will be the first to throw.” (20:65). He said, ” No, you throw.” Then their ropes and staffs seemed to him by their magic that they were moving (20:66). Moses harbored some fear in him (20:67). We said, “Do not fear. You will be the winner (20:68). Throw what is in your right hand, and it will swallow what they made. What they made is a trick of a magician and the magician will not succeed whatever he does.” (20:69). The magicians fell prostrate and said, “We believe in the Lord of Aaron and Moses.” (20:70).
Note: God strengthened Moses when he was with the magicians and he became the winner as the magicians fell prostrate and believed in the Lord of Moses and Aaron by the grace of God.
- He said, “Have you believed to him before that I give permission to you? Indeed, he is surely, your chief who has taught you the magic. So surely, I will cut off your hands and your feet from alternate sides, and surely, I will crucify you in the trunks of the palm trees, and surely, you will know which of us is more severe in punishment and more lasting!” (20:71). They said, “We will not prefer you over what has come to us of the clear proofs, and the One who has created us. So, decree whatever you are decreeing. You can only decree for this – the life of the world (20:72). Indeed, we have believed in our Lord that He may forgive our sins for us, and what you have compelled us by it with the magic. And God is better and everlasting.” (20:73).
Note: The magicians found the truth that made them believers in God and their belief was so firm that they were not even afraid of any punishment enforced by Pharaoh.
- Indeed, he who comes to his Lord as a criminal, then indeed, for him is Hell. He will not die in it, nor will he live (20:74). And he who comes to Him as a believer, certainly, he has done the righteous deeds, those – for them are the high ranks (20:75). Gardens of Eden, flowing the rivers of its underneath, are abiding therein forever. And that is reward of whoever has purified himself (20:76).
Note: The destination of the guilty is Hell while the destination of the righteous is gardens of Eden.
- We inspired Moses: “Travel by night with My servants, and make for them a dry path through the sea without fearing from being overtaken, nor being afraid (of drowning).” (20:77). Then Pharaoh pursued them with his troops, but the sea covered them, that was a miserable covering for them (20:78). Thus, Pharaoh led his people astray instead, to guide them (20:79). O Children of Israel, we delivered you from your enemy, we addressed you on the right side of the Mount, and we sent down to you manna and quails (20:80). You shall eat of good things that we have provided you, and you should not transgress therein, lest My wrath descends on you. And whoever upon him descends My wrath, then indeed, he has lost (20:81). Indeed, I am certainly forgiving for whoever has repented, and has believed, and has done as righteous, then he has accepted guidance (20:82).
Note: God bestowed many favors on the Children of Israel to guide them to the right path. While whoever among them has transgressed but has repented and has believed and has done righteous deeds, then He is forgiving for him.
- “What has made you to hasten from your people, O Moses?” (20:83). He said, “They are my close associates. I have hastened to You my Lord, that You may be pleased (20:84). He said, “We have put your people to the test after you left, but the Samarian misled them.” (20:85).
Note: The people of Moses were tested when he was away from them and Samarian misled them.
- So Moses returned to his people, angry and disappointed. He said, “O my people, did your Lord not promise you a fair promise? Have you then seemed the promise to you too long? Or have you desired that anger from your Lord descends upon you that you have broken promise to me?” (20:86). They said, “We have not broken promise to you by our will, but we have been made to carry from the jewelry of the people that we cast them with thus that the Samarian has suggested.” (20:87). Then he has brought forth for them a statue of calf to have it a sound. Then they said, “This is your god and Moses’ god, but he had forgotten.” 20:88). Do not then they see that it cannot respond any word to them, nor does it possess for them any harm or any benefit? (20:89). And certainly, has said to them Aaron before, “O my people, you have only been tested with it, and indeed, your Lord is the Most Gracious. So you shall follow me and shall obey my order.” (20:90). They said, “We will not cease being devoted to it until Moses comes back to us.” (20:91).
Note: Moses became angry when he found that his people had gone astray by worshiping a statue of calf even disobeying Aaron’s order.
- He said, “O Aaron, what has prevented you, when you have seen them going astray (20:92). Do you not follow me so have you disobeyed my command?” (20:93). He said, “O son of my mother; do not grab by my beard nor my head. Indeed, I have feared that you would say, `You have caused division between the Children of Israel, and you do not respect my order.’” (20:94).
Note: Moses also became angry with his brother, Aaron but Aaron explained to him that it was not his fault and he tried his best to stay them away from the idol worshiping in his absence.
- He said, “then what is your matter, O Samarian?” (20:95). He said, “I have perceived of what they do not perceive with it. So I have grabbed a fistful from a track of the messenger, then I have thrown it; and thus that my soul has enticed to me.” (20:96). He said, “Then go that indeed, for you in the life that you will say, “There is no touch”. And indeed, for you there is an appointment you will never be failed it. And look towards your god that you have remained devoted to it; surely, we will burn it and will scatter it in particles into the sea.” (20:97). Your only god is God, the One, there is no other god except He. He has encompassed all things in knowledge (20:98).
Note: Moses also became angry with Samarian while Samarian explained to him what he has done to misguide the people. Moses let him know that now he is to wait for the consequence. But the statue of the calf was burnt and its pieces were thrown into the sea while this event teaches us that there is no other god except God.
- Thus that we narrate to you from news of what certainly, has preceded, and certainly, we have given you a reminder from ours (20:99). Whoever has turned away from it, then indeed, he will bear a burden on a Day of the Resurrection (20:100). Abiding forever in it and it has been evil load for them on a Day of the Resurrection (20:101). A Day will be blown in the trumpet and we will gather the criminals on that day blue-eyed (20:102). They will whisper between themselves, “You have not stayed except for ten days!” (20:103). We are Knower of what they will say when will say whoever of their best in a way of life, “You have not stayed except for a day.” (20:104).
Note: The reminder that comes with the news from the past confirms the consequence of those who turn away from it on the day when the horn will be blown. The criminals will whisper between them that they have not stayed on the earth except 10 days while those who have the best way of life will say they have not stayed on it except for a day.
- They ask you about the mountains. Say, “My Lord will disintegrate them into pieces (20:105). He will leave it like a level plain land (20:106). You will see neither uphill nor downhill.” (20:107) On that day, they will follow the caller without deviation from it and the voices will be humbled for the Most Gracious; you will hear nothing except a whisper (20:108). On that day, there is no benefit of intercession except whom permitted by the Most Gracious that does conform to His will (20:109). He knows their past and their future, while they do not encompass His knowledge (20:110). All faces will be humbled to the Living, the Eternal but who carried wickedness will fail (20:111). And who did righteous works, being a believer will have no fear of injustice or deprivation (20:112). And thus that We have sent it down – an Arabic Quran, and we have explained with the warning in it, that they may fear (God), or it may cause for them a remembrance (20:113). That He has exalted Himself is God, the King, the Truth. And you (prophet) do not hasten with the Quran before, that its revelation is completed to you; and say, “My Lord, increase me in knowledge.” (20:114).
Note: The events of the day are detailed out indicating no benefit from intercession. The prophet has been warned not to hasten with the Quran before its revelation is completed to him. He has also been reminded to ask God for increasing his knowledge to stay in the right path.
- And certainly, we had made a pledge to Adam from before, while he forgot, and we did not find in him determination (20:115). And when we said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam”, then they had prostrated, except Iblis who had refused (20:116). Then we said, “O Adam, indeed, this is an enemy for you and to your wife. So do not let him drive you both out from the Paradise that you would suffer (20:117). You will have no hunger therein, nor will you go unclothed (20:118). Nor will you suffer from thirst therein, nor suffer from any heat.” (20:119). But the devil whispered to him, he said, “O Adam, shall I show you the tree of eternity and a kingdom that will never end?” (20:120). Then they both ate from it, whereupon their bodies became visible to them, and they tried to cover themselves with the leaves of Paradise. Adam disobeyed his Lord, and thus, he erred (20:121). Subsequently, his Lord chose him, turned to him with mercy, and guided him (20:122). He said, “Go down therefrom, all of you, some of you as enemy to others. When guidance comes to you from Me, then whoever has followed My guidance, then he will not go astray, nor will he suffer (20:123).
Note: The Heavenly disputes are explained to inform us our first life as well as to understand why we are on earth.
- “And whoever has turned away from My reminder, then indeed, there is a miserable life for him, and we will raise him blind on a Day of the Resurrection.” (20:124). He has said, “My Lord, why have You raised me blind while I have had vision?” (20:125). He said, “Thus that has come to you our signs as you forgot them, and thus that today, you are forgotten.” (20:126). And thus that we recompense whoever has transgressed and does not believe in his Lord’s revelations. And surely, the punishment in the Hereafter is more severe and everlasting (20:127). Does it not then guide to them how many of the generations we have destroyed before themselves, they walk in their dwelling places? Indeed, in that surely, there are signs for possessors of the intelligence (128). And if it had not preceded a word from your Lord; surely, He has made an obligation and a determined term (20:129).
Note: There are signs and proofs that can be found in the reminder to guide them to the right path and those who disregard them they cannot evade the punishment on a Day of the Resurrection.
- So you (Muhammad) shall be patient to what they say; and shall glorify with praise your Lord before rising of the sun and before its setting, and of hours of the night that you shall glorify and ends of the day, so that you may be pleased (20:130). And you should do not look at what we have given as enjoyment with it to others as luxury of the life of the world that we may test them in it while your Lord’s provision is far better and everlasting (20:131). And you shall enjoin your family to adhere with the Contact Prayer (al-salata) as well as to be steadfast in it. We do not ask you for any provisions as we provide for you while the good end goes to the righteousness (20:132).
Note: The prophet was asked to be patient in all his circumstances, and to glorify with praise his Lord before the rising of the sun (Fajr) and before its setting (Asr), during the part of the night (Maghrib and Isha) and at both ends of the day (Dhuhur) to please Him as well as to enjoin his family to do the same, which is the way to achieve righteousness.
- They said, “Why does he not bring us a miracle from his Lord?” Has not a proof come to them what was in the previous scriptures (20:133)? And if we had destroyed them with a punishment before him, they would have said, “Our Lord, if You had sent a messenger to us, we could have followed Your revelations before that we humiliate and disgrace.” (20:134). Say, “All are waiting, so wait; you will know who are the people of the straight path, and who are guided.” (20:135).
The story of Moses with God, Pharaoh and his people is highlighted in the sura. But the most unusual event is God directly spoke to Moses and gave him certain miracles and commands. Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh to show him a sign of God but he denied it to be a magic and arranged for a contest with his magicians. In the contest Moses was the winner by the grace of God and the magicians fell prostrate and believed in the Lord of Moses and Aaron, even they disregarded any punishment to be enforced by Pharaoh. However, when he returned to his people, he found them astray for worshipping a statue of calf made by Samarian. He informed Samarian about his consequence and destroyed the statue of calf and scattered its pieces into the sea.
The events on the promised day and the consequences of the disbelievers on that day are stated including the matters related to the Heavenly disputes at our first life letting us know that Satan is our great enemy. He was not only our enemy for evicting us from the Heaven but also he is our enemy in the worldly life for misguiding us to lead to Hell as promised with God.
An Arabic Quran is revealed with warnings and signs that may serve as a reminder for them who wish to avoid the painful retribution on a Day of the Resurrection through worshipping God alone. The prophet was asked not to hasten with the Quran before its revelation is completed to him and to pray, “My Lord, increase my knowledge.” to stay in the right path. He was also asked to be patient in the face of the utterances of the disbelievers and to observe Salat 5 times at day and night to glorify and praise his Lord as well as to enjoin his family to do the same to achieve righteousness. However, we all are waiting to come to know who are in the straight path as well as who are the guided ones.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.