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Sura Saad (Sura 38: Revelation Order 38)

  • (By) Saad and the Quran, the reminder (38:1). Those who disbelieve have plunged into arrogance and defiance (38:2).

Note: The statement in 38:1 is an oath of God including the Quranic initial Saad and the Quran, the reminder which is a matching pair (the reminder being another feature of Quran) at the beginning of the sura, affirms the statement in (38:2): ‘the disbelievers have plunged into arrogance and defiance’ leaving any room to be doubtful about the statement. This kind of oath is also found in 50:1– by Qaf and the glorious Quran at the beginning of the sura, Qaf (Sura # 50) which confirms that the statement in (50:2): ‘a warner from among them came to them’ is a solid truth but not a strange as claimed by the disbelievers. In addition, the Quranic initials are oath of God that has better reflected in (32:1-2): (By) Alif. Lam. Meem (32:1). The book is, without a doubt, a revelation from the Lord of the universe (32:2). However, the quranic initials are also the lower level physical proofs of the mathematical coding of Quran while the initial ‘Saad’ occurs in suras 7, 19 and 38, and its total of all instances as found in each sura is a multiple of 19 =>97 + 26 + 29 = 152 = 19x8.

Warning to the contemporary polytheists

  • How many a generation have we destroyed before them. They called for escape when it was too late (38:3). They wondered that a warner has come to them from among themselves. The disbelievers said, ” This is a magician, a liar (38:4). Has he made the gods into one god? Indeed, this is a strange thing.” (38:5). The leaders among them announced, “Go on, and remain steadfast to your gods. This is what is desired. (38:6). We never heard of this from the previous religion. This is nothing but a lie (38:7). Has the reminder been revealed to him from among us?” Indeed, they are doubtful of My reminder. Indeed, they have not yet tasted My retribution (38:8). Or do they own the treasures of mercy of your Lord, the Almighty, the Grantor (38:9). Or do they possess the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, and everything between them? Let them do in any means (38:10). The troops they have gathered will be defeated (38:11).

Note: The warning to the polytheists and their leaders that a warner has come to them among them with a reminder (Quran) and if they are doubtful about it, their consequences will be as same as the disbelievers of the previous generations who were not able to escape from His retribution, and whatever may be the size of their troops to win will be defeated.

History of the disbelieving people from the past generations

  • Disbelieving before them were the people of Noah, `Ãd, and Pharaoh, the mighty(38:12). And Thamud, and the people of Lot, the dwellers of the Woods; those were the opponents (38:13). As each of them disbelieved the messengers, so was My retribution (38:14). And what these people are waiting for is just a single blow, from which they can never recover (38:15). They said: “Our Lord, hasten for us our retribution, before the Day of Reckoning.” (38:16).

Note: The people of the previous generations who disbelieved their messengers and became opponents to God faced the consequences of their disbelief and opposition. The fate of these disbelieving people will be the same while the hour is not too far from them but they wanted to see it earlier as they do not believe the Day of Reckoning and its retribution.

The story of judgment of David (Dawood)

  • Be patient to what they say, and recall our servant David, the resourceful; he was obedient (38:17). We committed the mountains to glorify with him at dusk and dawn (38:18). And the birds were gathered; all were obedient to him (38:19). We strengthened his kingship, and endowed him with wisdom and to be fair in judgment (38:20). Has the story of the disputing parties come to you, who reached the chamber climbing over the wall (38:21)? When they reached David, he was afraid of them. They said, “Do not fear. We are disputing with one another, and are seeking your fair judgment. Do not be unjustand guide us to the right path” (38:22). “This is my brother and he owns ninety ninesheepwhile I own one sheep; so he said to me: ‘Let me take care of it’ and he pressured me.” (38:23). He said: “He has wronged you by asking to combine your sheep with his. And many of the partners combine to take advantage over others, except those who believe and do righteous works, and they are very few.” And David guessed that We had tested him, so he implored his Lord for forgiveness, and fell down kneeling, and repented. (38:24). So we forgave him in this matter. We have granted him a position of honor with us, and a beautiful abode (38:25). O David, we have made you a ruler on earth. Therefore, you shall judge among the people equitably, and do not follow your personal opinion, lest it diverts you from the path of God. Surely, those who stray off the path of God incur severe retribution for forgetting the Day of Reckoning (38:26).

Note: The dispute was ninety nine vs. one. Judgment was given in favor of one by David based on his personal opinion that he realized immediately to be unfair and repented to God for his unfair judgment. God forgave him and granted him an honorable position with Him along with placing mountains and birds at his disposal. Thus, judgment should never be driven by emotion or personal opinion rather it should be done based on facts and evidences to ensure fair judgment and David has been mentioned as an example for us to avoid unfair judgment.

Righteous and unrighteous will be treated differently

  • We did not create the heaven and the earth, and whatever is between them without purpose. That is the view of those who disbelieve. Therefore, woe to those who disbelieve, from the Fire (38:27). Or shall we treat those who believe and do the righteous works as those who commit evil on earth? Or shall we treat the righteous as the wicked? (38:28). A scripture that we have sent down to you (Muhammad), is blessed, so that they may reflect upon its verses and those who possess intelligence can take heed (38:29).

Note: God is the Lord of the universe and He controls all matters. Both righteous and unrighteous will be judged according to criteria given in the scripture. Thus, anyone who wishes to save him from the fire will reflect on the verses of the Quran.

Solomon (Sulaiman) is Tested by Wealth

  • To David we granted Solomon; a good and obedient servant (38:30). One afternoon, the well trained horses were displayed to him (38:31). Then he said, “I preferred material thing over remembering my Lord, until complete darkness (38:32). Bring them back”, he then rubbed their legs and necks (38:33). Indeed, we tested Solomon by placing a body on his throne, but he repented (38:34). He said, “My Lord, forgive me, and grant me a kingship never attained by anyone else. You are the Grantor.” (38:35). Then we committed the wind to him to flow by his command gently wherever he directed (38:36). And the devils, building and diving (38:37). And others were placed at his disposal (38:38). “This is our gift to you; you may give generously, or withhold, without limits.” (38:39). He has deserved a position of closeness with us, and a wonderful abode (38:40).

Note: Solomon was regular in his praise and prayers but one day he missed one prayer because of the horse and he repented to God for it. He was also tested with taking away of his kingship. But he repented and implored God for a greater kingship. He was granted a greater kingship even placing the wind and the Jinns including others at his disposal.

Job (Ayub) is Tested by Health and Family

  • Remember our servant Job: he called upon his Lord, “The devil has afflicted me with illness and pain.” (38:41). “Strike the ground with your foot, this is a spring of cold water to wash with and a drink.” (38:42). And we restored his family for him along with a group like them, as a mercy from us; and a reminder for those who possess intelligence (38:43). “And take in your hand a bundle and travel with it, and do not break your oath.” We found him steadfast. What a good servant! He was obedient (38:44).

Note: Job was restored with better health and family after a test upon imploring God to remove his affliction, which may serve as a reminder for us to implore God if we fall in any such adversity being a test for us as well.

Awareness of the Hereafter is a Great Blessing

  • Remember our servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. They were resourceful, and possessed vision (38:45). And we chose them with a great blessing: awareness of the Hereafter (38:46). They are the chosen ones, the best (38:47). And remember Ismail, Elisha, and Zal-Kifl; all are among the best (38:48).

Note: Awareness of the Hereafter is a great blessing, and all prophets, messengers and the righteous are blessed with it. Thus, those of us who have difficulty to be certain about the Hereafter should implore God for this blessing so that they can navigate their final destination using God- given positioning system (GPS) in our brain.

A wonderful abode for the righteous

  • This is a reminder, and the righteous will have a wonderful abode (38:49). The gardens of Eden, whose gates will be open for them (38:50). Relaxing therein, they will have different kinds of fruits and drinks (38:51). And they will have wonderful well matched spouses (38:52). This is what you have been promised on the Day of Reckoning (38:53). Such is our provision that will never exhaust (38:54).

Note: Heaven is allegorically presented to us but to be the best place for resting, and it will be granted to the righteous.

A miserable abode for the disbelievers

  • This is so, and indeed, for the transgressors, is a miserable abode (38:55). Hell is where they will burn; what a worst place of resting! (38:56). This is so, and let them taste a boiling drink and torturous food (38:57). And many others of the same kind (38:58). Here is another group to be thrown into Hell with you. There is no welcome for them. They shall burn in the Fire (38:59). They said, “No, there is no welcome for you. You brought this upon us. Therefore, here is the miserable end result.” (38:60). They said, “Our Lord, whoever brought this upon us, then double their retribution in the Fire!” (38:61). And they said: “Why do we not see people whom we used to count them among the wicked? (38:62). Have we ridiculed them wrongly or we just turned away our eyes from them?” (38:63). Indeed, this is the truth about the dispute among the people of Hell (38:64).

Note: Hell is also allegorically presented to us but to be the worst place of resting, and it will be granted to the disbelievers. The people of Hell will dispute each other for their miserable consequences. They will remorse on wrongly ridiculing them who were really the righteous ones.

There is no other god besides God

  • Say, “I am but a warner; and there is no other god besides God, the One, the Supreme (38:65). The Lord of the heavens and the earth, and everything between them; the Almighty, the Forgiving.” (38:66).

Note: All prophets and messengers are warners and the first commandment for them is to preach: “There is no other god besides God.”

The story of the Great Feud in the High Society

  • Say, “Here is an awesome news” (38:67).You are oblivious to it (38:68). “I had no knowledge about the feud in the High Society (38:69). Ithas been revealed to me that I am a clear warner.” (38:70). Your Lord said to the angels, “I am creating a human being from clay (38:71).”Once I design him, and blow into him from My spirit, you shall fall prostrate before him.”(38:72). The angels fell prostrate, all of them (38:73), except Satan; he refused, and became disobedient (38:74). He said, “O Satan, what prevented you from prostrating before what I created with My hands? Are you too arrogant? Or are you exalted one?” (38:75). He said, “I am better than he; You created me from fire, and created him from clay.” (38:76). He said, “Therefore, get out of here, you are rejected (38:77). “You have incurred My condemnation until the Day of Judgment.” (38:78). He said, “My Lord, respite me till the Day of Resurrection.” (38:79). He said, “You are respited. (38:80). Until the appointed day.” (38:81). He said, “I swear by Your majesty, that I will mislead them all (38:82). Except for Your worshipers who are devoted.” (38:83). He said, “This is the truth, and the truth is what I say (38:84). That I will fill Hell with you and all those who follow you.” (38:85).

Note: The great feud is an awesome news for us as it informs us that Satan was the great enemy of us in the first life (Heavenly life), and he and his allies are the same in the second life (final chance on earthly life) as well. We also learn from this event that just warning was not enough to protect us from Satan and has been given practices along with detailed instructions to become successful at the final chance. Thus, we must make our utmost efforts to save us from the Fire. Even we are blessed to have mathematical confirmation of this event to strengthen our hearts to make our appropriate reflection. The history of the Great Feud is detailed out in 83 verses across 8 suras in the Quran and the sum of the relevant sura and verse # of all these references is a multiple of 19 => 4560 = 19x240.

Quran is a Reminder for the World

  • Say, “I do not ask you for any wage, nor am I a pretender (38:86). “This is but a reminder for the world (38:87). And you will certainly know its news after a while.” (38:88).

Note: Quran is a reminder for the world, which has been revealed through the final prophet to preach it to the people to give them good news as well as warnings so that they can prepare them for the day which is promised to come.

Conclusion

Surah Saad is one of the initialed suras and the most significant aspects that are covered in it are: (1) the behavior of disbelievers, (2) warning to the contemporary polytheists and history of the disbelievers of the past generations (3) the judgment of David, (4) treatment with righteous and unrighteous, (5) Solomon is tested by wealth while Job is tested by health and family, (6) awareness of Hereafter is a great blessing, (7) wonderful abode for righteous while miserable abode for unrighteous, (8) the first commandment, (9) the history of great feud and (10) Quran is a reminder for the world.

The sura begins with God’s oath consisting of Saad and the Quran, the reminder, and the true believers can only realize how awesome the God’s oath is! The oath affirms that the disbelievers are arrogant and defiant. The warning to the polytheists and their leaders that a warner has come to them among them with a reminder (Quran) and if they are doubtful about it, their consequences will be as same as the disbelievers of the previous generations who were not able to escape from His retribution, and whatever may be the size of their troops to win will be defeated. While the hour is not too far from them but these people wanted to see it earlier as they do not believe the Day of Reckoning nor do they realize its retribution.

The dispute was ninety nine vs. one. Judgment was given in favor of one by David based on his personal opinion that he realized immediately to be unfair and repented to God for his unfair judgment. God forgave him and granted him an honorable position with Him along with placing mountains and birds at his disposal. Thus, judgment should never be driven by emotion or personal opinion rather it should be done based on facts and evidences to ensure fair judgment and David has been mentioned as an example for us to avoid unfair judgment.

God is the Lord of the universe and He controls all matters. Both righteous and unrighteous will be judged according to criteria given in the scripture. Thus, anyone who wishes to save him from the fire will reflect on the verses of the Quran.

Solomon was regular in his praise and prayers but one day he missed one prayer because of the horse and he repented to God for it rather to make it up. He was also tested with taking away of his kingship. But he repented and implored God for a greater kingship. He was granted a greater kingship even placing the wind and the Jinns including others at his disposal.

Job was restored with better health and family after a test upon imploring God to remove his affliction, which may serve as a reminder for us to implore God if we fall in any such adversity being a test for us as well.

Awareness of the Hereafter is a great blessing, and all prophets, messengers and the righteous are blessed with it. Thus, those of us who have difficulty to be certain about the Hereafter should implore God for this blessing so that they can navigate their final destination using God- given positioning system (GPS) in our brain.

Heaven and Hell are allegorically presented to us. Heaven is to be the best place for resting while Hell is to be the worst place of resting. Heaven will be granted to the righteous while Hell will be granted to the disbelievers. The people of Hell will dispute each other for their miserable consequences. They will remorse on wrongly ridiculing them who were really the righteous ones.

All prophets and messengers are warners and they all preach the first commandment of the ten commandments given to Moses, which is: “There is no other god besides God.”

The great feud is an awesome news for us as it informs us that Satan was the great enemy of us in the first life (Heavenly life), and he and his allies are the same in the second life (final chance on earthly life) as well. We also learn from this event that just warning was not enough to protect us from Satan and we have been given practices along with detailed instructions to become successful at the final chance. Thus, we must make our utmost efforts to save us from the Fire. Even we are blessed to have mathematical confirmation of this event to strengthen our hearts to make our appropriate reflection.

What we see in the God’s oath at beginning of the sura has been confirmed at the end that Quran is a reminder for the world and there is no hint of the Quran’s mathematical code in the sura as pointed by some of us. However, the reminder has been revealed through the final prophet to preach it to the people to give them good news as well as warnings so that they can prepare them for the day which has been promised to come.

The key thing that we learn from this review is God, the most merciful has given us a powerful tool – repentance and imploring to Him to save us from the worst place of resting when we make any mistakes on our way as well as to remove any of our befallen affliction.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.
Tafazzal (6/3/2016).