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The Day of Judgment and its mathematical confirmation

Introduction

The earth is adorned with everything for the people to test them and to expose those among them who are better in their works (18:7) while it will be made to a barren land on the Day of Judgment (18:8). Thus, this world will come to an end and the people will be gathered before their Lord for judgment to receive either their recompense or requital for their works followed by this event. God has provided us with many signs in the Quran to know how close the event is or when the world will come to an end, even we are blessed to predict the year from it that the world will come to an end in the year 1710 A.H (2280 A.D). The day when the world will come to an end is so significant that it has been mentioned referring to the Last Day, the Day of Resurrection, the Day of Gathering and the Day of Judgment based on the events associated with the day. Since the events that are associated with the day will come to pass, the day is also termed as the Promised Day while the day when the world will come to an end is the Last Day as per our concern. However, what God has promised in the Quran on the day will come to pass and no force can stop it that we need to concentrate so that we all can prepare ourselves for the day:
[18:7] Indeed, what we have placed on the earth (alaa l-ardi) is for its (lahaa) adornment that we may test them as to which of them are better in works.
[18:8] And indeed, we will make what is on it (alayhaa) to a barren land.

The Last Day

The Last Day is the day when the horn will be blown (50:20). The earth will be leveled and it will eject all its contents (84:3-4) while the mountains will be removed and crumbled (52:10 and 56:5).The heaven will crack and fall apart (69:16) while the sun and the moon will crash onto one another (75:9). This is the promised day that will surely occur (77:7) and no force in the universe can stop it (52:7-8).The day will be a terrible day, especially for the disbelievers (74:9-10). It will be so terrible that even a nursing mother will forget her child and a pregnant woman will miscarry who witness the day (22:2), and the human being will try to find an escape but there is no escape from it (75:10-11):

[50:20] And the horn will be blown; that is the promised day.
[84:3] And when the earth will be leveled.
[84:4] And it will eject what is in it and will become empty.
[52:10] And the mountains will be removed.
[56:5] And the mountains will be crumbled.
[69:16] The heaven will crackand fall apart.
[75:9] And the sun and the moon will crash onto one another.

[77:7] Indeed, what you are promised will surely occur.
[52:7] Indeed, the punishment of your Lord will surely occur.
[52:8] There is nothing that can prevent it (from occurring).

[74:9] That will be a very difficult day.
[74:10] For the disbelievers, it will not be easy.
[22:2] The day you witness it, a nursing mother will forget her child and a pregnant woman will miscarry, and you will see the people are intoxicated while they are not intoxicated; but the punishment of God is severe.
[75:10] The human being will say on that day, “Where is the escape?”
[75:11] Alas! there is no refuge.

Resurrection and Gathering before God

God has given us life, then He will put us into death then He will gather us on the Day of Resurrection in which there is doubt (42:26, 4:87, 23:16). The people will come out like swarms of butterflies (101:4) and will be gathered before God (3:9). They will come to Him individually (19:95) to receive their recompense for their works (16:111). He will set up the scales of justice (21:47), and the earth is within His fist while the heavens will be folded in His right hand (39:67):

[45:26] Say: “God gives you life, then He puts you to death, then He will gather you to the Day of Resurrection, in which there is no doubt. But most people do not know.”
[4:87] God, there is no god but He. He will surely gather you to the Day of Resurrection in which there is no doubt, and whose statement is more truthful than God?
[23:16] Then you will surely be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection.
[101:4] The day when the people come out like swarms of butterflies.
[3:9] Our Lord, You will surely gather the people on a day in which there is no doubt. God never breaks a promise.
[19:95] And all of them will come to Him on the Day of Resurrection individually.
[16:111] The day will come when every soul will plead for itself, and every soul will be paid in full for what it had done, and they will not be wronged.

[21:47] And we will set up the scales of the justice on the day of resurrection, so that no soul will be wronged in the least, and even if it was the weight of a mustard seed, we will bring it into (consideration). And we are efficient in reckoning.
[39:67] And they have not given God His true value. The whole earth will be in His fist on the Day of Resurrection, and the heavens will be folded in His right hand. Glory be to Him, and He is too High above what they associate (with Him).

Judgment

There are many hints in the Quran that the judgment will occur followed by the destruction of the world as well as resurrection and gathering before God. However, the Arabic word “دينَ” (Deen) directly deal with the judgment. There are 92 instances of “دينَ” (Deen) as the noun in the Quran, which are translated to judgment, religion, recompense, law or worship in different contexts by different English translators of the Quran. An inquiry indicates that out of its 92 instances, 17 instances relate to the event of Judgment and the day of Judgment, which are found in 17 verses of the Quran. However, here are the full text in English of these verses including a verse, (82:19) having an instance of “يَومَئِذٍ” (Yawma-idhin) meaning “That day”, which has defined the Day of Judgment:

[1:4] Master of the Day of Judgment (yawmi al-deen).
Note: We appreciate God focusing on four of His attributes: the Lord of the universe, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful and Master of the Day of Judgment given in our specific words (sura al-Fatehah) that we recite 17 times in the prayer to guide us to the straight path realizing that all command on the Day of Judgment belongs to Him (82:19) while God is His proper noun.

[15:35] “And indeed, a curse will be upon you (the Satan) until the Day of Judgment (yawmi al-deen).”
Note: God has let us know that the punishment of the Satan was due when he refused to prostrate Adam as he disobeyed His command being proud of himself but He granted him a respite until the Day of Resurrection.

[26:82] “And the One who I hope that He will forgive me for my faults on the Day of Judgment (yawmi al-deen).”
Note: Abraham expected God’s forgiveness on the Day of Judgment as he accepted Him to be the Lord of the universe.

[37:20] And they said: “Woe to us! This is the Day of Judgment (yawmu al-deen).”
Note: Such would be the consequence of those on the Day of Judgment, who used to disbelieve in the resurrection and thought that no judgment will be occurring.

[38:78] “And indeed, My curse will be upon you (the Satan) until the Day of Judgment (yawmi al-deen).”
Note: God has let us know that the punishment of the Satan was due when he refused to prostrate Adam disobeying His command being proud of himself, but He granted him a respite until the Day of Judgment.

[51:6] And indeed, the Judgment (al-deen) will surely be occurring.
[51:12] They ask: “When is the Day of Judgment (yawmu al-deen)?”
Note: Here are the confirmation about the event and the Day of Judgment to eliminate any doubt about it.

[56:56] This is their entertainment (requital) on the Day of Judgment (yawma al-deen).
Note: Here is the reference of the food and drink to be used to entertain the disbelievers on the Day of Judgment, which would be painful to them while the description of the food and drink given to them is allegorical.

[70:26] And those who believe in the Day of Judgment (bi-yawmi al-deen).
Note: The worshipers of God are those who believe in the Day of Judgment as well as observe Salat and pay off Zakat from their money to the poor and the needy.

[74:46] “And we used to disbelieve in the Day of Judgment (bi-yawmi al-deen).”
Note: Those who are on the left will find out what brought them to the miserable consequence: they did not observe Salat, nor feed the poor and disbelieved in the Day of Judgment.

[82:9] Yes, you disbelieved in the Judgment (bi-al-deen).
[82:15] They will enter it (Hell) on the Day of Judgment (yawma al-deen).
Note: Those who disbelieved in the Judgment will enter Hell on the Day of Judgment. Thus, both the event and the day of Judgment have been confirmed to be taken place to eliminate any doubt from our hearts.

[82:17] And do you know what the Day of Judgment (yawmu al-deen) is?
[82:18] Then, do you know what the Day of Judgment (yawmu al-deen) is?
Note: The Day of Judgment has been spelled out in the following verse that we all will be individually accountable to God for our works and all command will belong to Him on that day:
[82:19] The day (yawma) when no soul will have any power for any other soul, and all command (wa-al-armru) on that day (yawma-idhin) belongs to God.

[83:11] Those who disbelieved in the Day of Judgment (bi-yawmi al-deen).
Note: Here is a reference that those who disbelieve in the Day of Judgment have also disbelieved in the revelations of God.

[95:7] Then what causes you to disbelieve in the Judgment (bi-al-deen)?
Note: How can you disbelieve in the judgment while those who believe and lead a righteous will receive a reward from the Most Wise on the Day of Judgment?

[107:1] Do you know who disbelieves in the Judgment (bi-al-deen)?
Note: Those who fail to fulfill what God has made obligatory for them disbelieve in the event of the judgment.

Mathematical confirmation

God, the Most Wise has given us the opportunity to mathematically confirm the event as well as the day of Judgment. The event of judgment (al-deen) and the day of judgment (yawmi al-deen) are specifically mentioned in the 17 instances including 4 instances of al-deen and 13 instances of yawmi al-deen found in the 17 verses across 13 suras of the Quran, and if the relevant sura number and the verse number are added, the total is a multiple of 19 => 1178 = 19 x 62 as shown in the table below:

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Note: The instances of al-deen (the judgment) are highlighted just to make them distinct from the instances of yawmi al-deen (the day of judgment) in the table. Even if, the instance of Yawma-idhin in 82:19 is included in the calculation, the total would be a multiple of 19.

Conclusion

There are 17 instances including 4 instances of al-deen and 13 instances of yawmi al-deen in the 17 verses across 13 suras of the Quran that state the event and the day of Judgment: (1) God is the Master of the Day of Judgment, (2) the punishment of the Satan was due when he violated God’s order and refused to prostrate Adam but He granted him a respite until the Day of Judgment, (3) Abraham expected God’s forgiveness on the Day of Judgment as he accepted Him to be the Lord of the universe, (4) a miserable consequence of those on the Day of Judgment, who used to disbelieve in the resurrection and thought that no judgment will be occurring, (5) a clear confirmation of the event and the day of Judgment, (6) the disbelievers will enter Hell on the Day of Judgment, (7) a reference of food and drink to be used to entertain the disbelievers on the Day of Judgment, (8) those who worship God believe in the Day of Judgment, (9) awesomeness of the Day of Judgment, (10) Those who disbelieve in the Day of Judgment have also disbelieved in the revelations of God, (11) those who believe and lead a righteous life will receive their reward on the Day of Judgment from the Most Wise, and (12) those who fail to fulfill what God has made obligatory for them disbelieve in the judgment.

However, we may also reflect to the facts that (1) we appreciate God focusing on 4 of His attributes: (a)the Lord of the universe, (b)the Most Gracious, (c)the Most Merciful and (d)Master of the Day of Judgment given in our specific words (sura al-Fatehah) that we recite 17 times in our daily 5 times prayer to guide us to the straight path keeping in mind that all command on the Day of Judgment belongs to Him as clearly defined in (82:19), (2) 13 words of sura al-Fatehah are recited upon completion of the word, al-deen in the verse 4 (1:4), (3) there is a clear indication that Salat, the prime source of nourishing our souls has a direct relationship, specially the sura al-Fatehah with the Day of Judgment and (4) is not it surprising that God has used the same word (al-deen) both for the judgment and the religion while the religion is our way to receive either the recompense or the requital on the Day of Judgment?

God has associated the Day of Judgment with the heavenly as well as the earthy events, which indicates that the Day of Judgment is not merely a coincidence but a part of His master plan. In addition, the Quran teaches us that there is no less or more as well as no gray area or incompleteness when God is concern. Now, if any of us disbelieves in the Day of Judgment claiming that judgment is taking every moment or makes a drama assuming something that would happen beyond the Last Day may be the violation of God’s laws or be the exceeding of limit given by God. However, our reckoning is taking place in every moment, and we will enter the Hereafter with our final records while we will receive from God what we precisely deserve on the Day of Judgment.

The Quran has given us all the details about the judgment and the day of judgment in a small set of simple and straightforward verses, even with minimum Arabic knowledge someone can confirm every piece of information going through the relevant verses in the Arabic Quran to be sure about it. If we sincerely review them and reflect to the mathematical confirmation, there should not be any doubt about the Day of Judgment. Hence, all of us should prepare for the day if we believe in God being certain about the Hereafter expecting something good from Him as Abraham did as well as to avoid any miserable situation on the Day of Judgment.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.
Tafazzal (7/14/2017)