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Review and reflection on the expression, “maa adraaka” in the Quran

God has infinite wisdom being the Most Wise (al-Hakeem) repeated 88 times in the Quran, and so does the Quran (36:2 and 44:4). He has told us in the Quran to study the Word (Quran) and follow the best thereof to be the guided ones being possessors of intelligence (39:18). He warns us not to guess or rush to know certain words or phrases placing the expression, “maa adraaka” (أَدرىٰكَ ما) that can be translated to “Do you know?“ as question or wonder expression for those words or phrases followed up by an explanation to derive the appropriate message. However, there are 13 occurrences of this expression in the Quran, which are studied reflecting to the followed up explanation to better understand the message as explained to avoid misinterpretation or confusion:

Instances of Maa Adraaka

[69:3] And do you know (wa-maa adraaka) what al-Haaqqah is?
[69:13] And when the horn is blown once.
[69:14] And the earth and the mountains are carried off and crushed with a single crush.
[69:15] That is the day of the great event (al-waaqi’ah) to occur.
[69:16] The heaven will crack as it is frail on that day.
[69:17] The angels will be all around, and the Throne of your Lord is carried on eight of them.
[69:18] On that day, you will be exposed, none of your secret remains hidden.
Note: A day, the world comes to an end is inevitable. The occurrences and warnings of the day are explained for us so that we can reflect and prepare ourselves for the day to avoid any miserable consequences since we cannot hide anything from our Lord when we meet Him.

[74:27] And do you know (wa-maa adraaka) what Saqar is?
[74:28] It does not let to stay nor does it let to leave.
[74:29] Obvious to the humans.
Note: An intellectual punishment of the individual who is destined to unveil the mathematical coding of the Quran referring to Saqar indicating his accomplishments and mistakes that will stay with him even when he will not be among us while we may also reflect to the fact that God did not hide any mistakes made by the prophet as well (80:1-3 and 22:52).

[77:14] And do you know (wa-maa adraaka) what yawmu al-Fasl is?
[77:38] This is the Day of Decision when we have gathered you including the earlier people.
Note: The Day of Decision is explained when we all will be gathered before our Lord.

[82:17] And do you know (wa-maa adraaka) what yawmu al-Deen is?
[82:18] Then, do you know (thumma maa adraaka) what yawmu al-Deen is?
[82:19] The day when no soul will have any power for any other soul, and all decision (wa-al-armru) on that day belongs to God.
Note: It has not only been explained but has also been emphasized mentioning the expression twice that all decision on the Day of Judgment belongs to God while believing in intercession by any intercessors is a myth.

[83:8] And do you know (wa-maa adraaka) what Sijjeen is?
[83:9] A written record (kitaabun marqoomun).
[83:10] Woe on that day to the deniers.
[83:11] Those who deny in the Day of Judgment (bi-yawmi al-Deen).
[83:19] And do you know (wa-maa adraaka) what ‘Illiyoon is?
[83:20] A written record (kitaabun marqoomun).
[83:21] It is witnessed by those who brought near.
Note: The deniers will be judged based on their record termed as “Sijjeen” and those who brought them closer to God will also be judged based on their record termed “’Illiyoon” while “Sijjeen” indicates the bad record and “’Illiyoon” indicates the good record. It is also noteworthy that two recorders (angels) on our right and left are recording everything (50:17) while the disbelievers will receive their records in left hands and the believers will receive their record in right hands, and the Arabic text, kitaabun marqoomun translated to numerically structured book is an incorrect translation.

[86:2] And do you know (wa-maa adraaka) what al-Taariq is?
[86:3] The bright star.
Note: al-Taariq is spelled out to be the bright star used in the previous statement of God’s oath so that we reflect His creation as a sign to strengthen our belief in Him.

[90:12] And do you know (wa-maa adraaka) what al-‘Aqabah is?
[90:13] The freeing of slaves.
[90:14] Or feeding in a day of hunger.
[90:15] An orphan of near relation.
[90:16] Or a poor when in need.
Note: The literal meaning of al-‘Aqabah is the steep path is clearly detailed out with a bundle of duties for those who believe and exhort one another to be steadfast.

[97:2] And do you know (wa-maa adraaka) what Laylat al-Qadr is?
[97:3] The Night of Power is better than a thousand months.
[97:4] The angels and the Spirit (Gabriel) descend therein by their Lord’s permission with every command.
[97:5] Peace it is until the advent of the dawn.
Note: The process of completion of revealing the entire Quran is described to pay our proper attention to use it as our guidance while any extra ritual including annual observance around the night of the historical event is a misconception.

[101:3] And do you know (wa-maa adraaka) what al-Qari’ah is?
[101:4] The day when the people come out like swarms of butterflies.
[101:5] And the mountains will be like fluffy wool.
Note: al-Qari’ah literally means the shocker dealing with events may be unbelieving to many of us.

[101:10] And do you know (wa-maa adraaka) what Hiyah is?
[101:11] A blazing Fire.
Note: Hiyah literally means “it” referring to a blazing fire, which states the allegorical punishment to be used for the wicked.

[104:5] And do you know (wa-maa adraaka) what al-Hutamah is?
[104:6] Fire kindled by God.
[104:7] Which reaches inside the hearts.
Note: The literal meaning of al-Hutamah indicates a severe torment in the Fire kindled by God, which penetrate to the hearts stating the allegorical punishment to be used for the wicked.

Mathematical confirmation

There are 13 occurrences of the expression, maa adraaka in 13 verses across 10 suras in the Quran, which are followed up by an explanation with 28 verses. Hence, the total number of verses that deal with the expression is 41. If the relevant sura and verse numbers are added, the sum is a multiple of 19 => 1387 (19x73) [see details in the table below]:


Note: This mathematical confirmation is an explicit proof of the verses linked to each expression of maa adraaka as followed up explanation. The occurrences of maa adraaka are highlighted orange in the table while the verse numbers highlighted green confirm logically the verses linked as followed up explanation and the followed up explanation verse numbers are colorless.

Conclusion

13 occurrences of the expression, maa adraaka found in 13 verses of the Quran along with 28 verses as followed up explanations are reviewed. The followed up explanations are about: (1) al-Haaqqah is a day of inevitable, (2) Saqar is an intellectual retribution of the individual destined to unveil the mathematical coding of the Quran, (3) yawmu al-Fasl is the Day of Decision upon gathering before God, (4) yawmu al-Deen is the Day of Judgment on which all decision on that belongs to God, (5) Sijjeen is a written record of the wicked while (6) Illiyoon is a written record of the righteous, (7) al-Taariq is bright star to reflect on the creation of God, (8) al-‘Aqabah is the steep path with a bundle of duties, (9) laylat al-Qadr is the Night of Power of revealing the entire Quran, (10) al-Qari’ah is the shocker that seems to be unbelievable (11) Hiyah is blazing fire and (12) al-Hutamah is a severe punishment.

The world comes to an end is inevitable. The occurrences and warnings of the day are explained for us so that we can prepare ourselves for the day to avoid any miserable consequences as we would not be able to hide anything from our Lord when we meet Him. The day is the Day of Decision upon gathering before God while the day is the Day of Judgment and all decision on that day belongs to God. Hence, there is no intercession by any intercessors on that day and believing in intercession is a myth. But it is a tragedy that about 4 billion people who claim themselves Christians and Muslims believe in intercession on that day. The Christians believe that Jesus will save them while the Muslims believe that Muhammad will save them through the power of intercession with God as both of them are very close to Him. It is also noteworthy that the mention of the expression twice while the followed up explanation to be all decision on the Day of Judgment belongs to God eliminates occurring of any such event.

The judgment will take place based on a written record of individual. The deniers of the Day of Judgment will be judged based on their record received in their left hand (69:25) as the bad record to be “Sijjeen” and those who brought them closer to God will also be judged based on their record received in their right hand (69:19, 84:7) as the good record to be “’Illiyoon” as we know that two recorders (angels) on our right and left are recording everything (50:17). Now we may reflect to the fact that to mean Sijjeen and Illiyoon being numerically structured books to consider a connection to the mathematical coding of Quran would be a misinterpretation instead of to mean a written record.

There is a prophecy in the Quran that a messenger will come to confirm the delivery of all the scripture (3:81 and 33:7), and what we know now that he is destined to unveil the mathematical coding of the Quran (74:30-37). Saqar is spelled out to be an intellectual punishment with respect to his accomplishments and mistakes that will stay with him even when he will not be among us while it does not mean Hell translated by many translators. We may also reflect to the fact that God did not hide any mistakes made by the prophet as well (80:1-3 and 22:52).

Laylat al-Qadr refers to the special night of revealing the entire Quran indicating the significance of the night to be better than a thousand months. The process is described to pay our proper attention to use the Quran as our guidance while any extra ritual including annual observance around the night of the historical event is a misconception. However, we are confused about the event to be a recurrent one for long because of the use of the present tense in the followed up explanation especially the misinterpretation of the statement in the verse (97:4). The completion of the process before the dawn indicates that the event took place between the night and the dawn prayer is a significant historical event to reflect to prepare ourselves for the Hereafter with what has been revealed in the night clarifying wisdom of all matter.

al-Taariq is the bright star to reflect on the creation of God as a sign to strengthen our belief in Him
while al-‘Aqabah is the steep path is detailed out with a bundle of duties for those who believe and exhort one another to be steadfast. Hiyah means “it” but refers to a blazing fire, which states the allegorical punishment of the wicked while al-Hutamah is a severe torment in the Fire kindled by God, which penetrate to the hearts states the allegorical punishment of the wicked as well.

This study with an explicit proof may help us to be certain instilling belief in our hearts about the day of inevitable, the day of Decision and the day of Judgment while the judgment will take place based on our record brought with us. There are also opportunities to avoid misinterpretation of Saqar to be Hell instead of intellectual punishment and of laylat al-Qadr to be an recurrent event instead of a significant historical event and to follow the Quran as our guidance, mercy and healing to see our success and eternal happiness.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless. Tafazzal (3/2/2018).