The message in the above verse confirms that the Quran is so efficiently designed providing with many attributes, proofs, wonders, knowledge and wisdom that it is not possible for any person or a group to know all of them in any generation except what is needed to lead a righteous life for the believers in a particular generation according to God’s will. However, here is an attempt to give an account of its attributes what are spelled out by the Almighty God in His infallible scripture, which is a straight path and the truth as guidance, reminder, good news and warning for those who believe and follow it, and put their trust in God and revere and fear Him:
- Quran is authored by God (al-kitaabi min allahi)
[40:1-2] Ha. Meem. The revelation of the scripture is from God (al-kitaabi mina allahi), the Almighty, the Knower.
[41:1-2] Ha. Meem. A revelation from the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful (tanzeelun mina al-rahmaani).
[42:1-3] Ha Meem. Ayn Seen Qaf. Thus, what reveals to you (Muhammad), and to those before you, is God, the Almighty, the Most Wise (allahu al-azeezu al-hakeemu).
[11:1] Alif Laam Rah. This is a scripture whose verses have been perfected, then have been detailed out from the One who is Most Wise, Most Cognizant (min ladun hakeemin khabeerin).
- Quran is taught (`allama al-qur’aan) by the Most Gracious (al-rahmaanu):
[55:1-2] The Most Gracious (al-rahmaanu). He taught the Quran (`allama al-qur’aana).
[55:3-4] He created the human being (khalaqa al-insaana). He taught him how to distinguish (`allamahu al-bayaan).
- Quran is a message (dhikran), a messenger (rasuulan), a messenger of God (rasuul allahi) and a seal of the prophets (khaatama al-nabiyeena):
[65:10] Indeed, God has prepared a severe punishment for them. So, you shall fear God, O men of understanding who believed. God has sent down to you a message (dhikran),
[65:11] a messenger (rasuulan) reciting to you all (`alaykum) the clear revelations of God that may bring out those who believe and do righteous works from the darkness into the light. And whoever believes in God and does righteous works, He will admit him into gardens with flowing streams to abide therein forever. Indeed, God has granted him good provision.
[33:40] Muhammad is not father of anyone of your men but having a messenger of God (walaakin rasuula allahi) and seal of the prophets (wa-khaatama al-nabiyeena), and God has done being Knower of everything.
- Quran is a witness (shaahidan), bearer of good news (mubasheeran), a warner (nadheeran), a caller to God by His permission (daa`iyan ilaa allahi) and an illuminating lamp (siraajan muniran):
[33:45] O you prophet; indeed, we have sent you a witness (shaahidan) and a bearer of good news (mubasheeran) and a warner (nadheeran).
[33:46] And a caller to God (daa`iyan ilaa allahi) by His permission and an illuminating lamp (siraajan muneeran).
[33:47] And you shall give the believers good news (bashiri al-mu’mineena) of that for them there is a great blessing from God (mina allahi fadlan kabeeran).
- Quran is guidance (hudan), bearer of good news (basheerun), mercy (rahmatan), healing (shifaaun) and warner (nadheerun):
[2:2] That scripture in which there is no doubt is guidance (hudan) for the righteous.
[2:97] Say, “Whoever is an enemy of Gabriel, then indeed, he has brought it (Quran) down into your heart by permission of God confirming what was before its, and is guidance (hudan) and good news (bush’raa) for the believers.”
[11:2] That you should not worship except God. Indeed, I (prophet) am to you is from Him a warner (nadheerun) and a bearer of good news (basheerun) for the believers.
[16:89] And the Day we would raise from every community a witness from among themselves, and would bring with you a witness of these people. We have revealed to you the scripture as a clarification for everything, and a guidance (hudan), and mercy (rahmatan), and good news (bush’raa) for the submitters.
[16:102] Say: “The Holy Spirit has brought it (Quran) down from your Lord with the truth that may strengthen those who believe, and a guidance (hudan) and good news (bush’raa) for the submitters.”
[17:82] And what we reveal of the Quran, is healing (shifaaun) and mercy (rahmatun) for the believers. But it does not increase except loss to the wicked.
[27:2] A guidance (hudan) and good news (bush’raa) for the believers.
[41:44] And if we had made it non-Arabic Quran, they would have said, “Why are not its verses so detailed?” Is it non-Arabic or Arabic? Say, “It is for those who believe, is guidance (hudan) and healing (shifaaun) but those who do not believe, there is deafness in their ears and have blindness for them to it. Those are being addressed from faraway.”
- Quran is the statute book (al-furqaan):
[2:185] Ramadan is the month in which the Quran was revealed as guidance for the people, the clear guidance, and the statute book (al-furqaani). So whoever among you witnesses the month, then he should fast in it while whoever is ill among you or on a journey, then the prescribed number in other days. God wishes for you ease and He does not wish for you hardship, and that you can complete the prescribed number, and that you can glorify God for what He has guided you so that you may be grateful.
[3:3-4] He sent down to you the scripture with the truth confirming what was before its, and He sent down the Torah and the Gospel from before as guidance for the people, and He sent down the statute book (al-furqaana). Indeed, those who disbelieved in the revelations of God, there is severe retribution for them, and God is Almighty having the power of retribution.
[25:1] Blessed is the One who sent down the statute book (al-furqaana) through His servant (Muhammad) that it can be a warner for the worlds.
- Quran is the wise (al-qur’aani al-hakeemi), the wise scripture (al-kitaabi al-hakeemi) and a law in Arabic (hakaman `arabiyyan) while there is no judge other than God:
[36:1-2] Yaa Seen. And the Quran, the wise (al-qur’aani al-hakeemi)
[10:1] Alif Laam Rah. These are the proofs of the book, the wise (al-kitaabi al-hakeemi).
[13:37] And thus, we revealed it as a law in Arabic (huk’man `arabiyyan), and if you follow their desires, after what has come to you of the knowledge, you will have no ally, nor a protector against God.
[6:114] Then should I seek other than God as a judge (hakaman), while He has revealed to you (all) this scripture explained in detail? Those to whom we gave the scripture know that it is a sent down (munazzalun) from your Lord with the truth. So, you should not be with the doubtful ones.
- Quran is a clear Quran (Qur’aanin mubeenin) and the clear scripture (al-kitaabi al-mubeenin):
[15:1] Alif Laam Rah. These are proofs of the scripture and a clear Quran (Qur’aanin mubeenin).
[43:1-2] Ha Meem. And the clear scripture (al-kitaabi al-mubeeni).
[44:1-2] Ha Meem. And the clear scripture (al-kitaabi al-mubeeni).
- Quran’s built-in mathematical system is a reminder (dhik’raa for the human (lil’bashari), in the feminine form), being the number 19 is its common denominator and a warning (nadheeran) for the human (lil’bashari):
[74:30] Over it is nineteen (`alayhaa tis’`ata `ashara).
[74:31] And we made the angels to be guardians of Hell, and we did not make their number except: (1) to warn the disbelievers, (2) to make certain for those who were given the scripture (Jews and Christians), (3) to strengthen the faith of those who believe (Muslims), and (4) to eliminate any doubt from those who were given the scripture (Jews and Christian) and the believers (Muslims). Those who have disease in their hearts (hypocrites) as well as the disbelievers would say, “What did God mean by this allegory?” Thus, God misguides whomever he wills and He guides whomever He wills. None knows your Lord’s soldiers except He. And it is but a reminder (dhik’raa) for the human (lil’bashari).
[74:36] A warning (nadheeran) for the human (lil’bashari).
- Quran is the reminder (al-dhik’ra and a reminder from God (dhik’rinaa) and a reminder for the world (dhik’run lil`aalameena) in the masculine form:
[36:11] You (prophet) can only warn him who follows the reminder (al-dhik’ra) and fears the Most Gracious in the unseen. So, you shall give him good news of forgiveness and honorable recompense.
[53:29] So, you shall turn away from him who turns away from our reminder (dhik’rinaa) and he does not desire except the worldly life.
[12:104] And you are not asking them any wage for it. It is but a reminder for the world (dhik’run lil`aalameena). [Note: repeated 4 times including the verses, 38:87, 68:52, 81:27]
- Quran is a blessed scripture (kitaabun mubaarakun) and a blessed reminder (dhik’run mubaarakun) revealed in a blessed night (laylatin mubaarakatin) clarifying every matter of wisdom (hakeemin) in a night of the Power (laylati al-qadr):
[6:155] This scripture (kitaabun) we have revealed it is blessed (mubaarakun; you shall follow it and lead a righteous life so that you are given mercy.
[21:50] And this is a blessed reminder (dhik’run mubaarakun) we sent down it. Will you then be the deniers of it?
[44:3] Indeed, we have revealed it in a blessed night (laylatin mubaarakatin), indeed, we are to warn.
[44:4] In it (feehaa) every matter of wisdom (hakeemin) is clarified.
[97:1] Indeed, we have revealed it in night of the Power (laylati al-qadr).
- Quran has 4 attributes of God: the Glorious Quran (al-qur’aani al-majeedi), the Great Quran (al-qur’aana al-azeema), the Wise Quran (al-qur’aani al-hakeemi) and an Honorable Quran (la-qur’aanun kareemun):
[50:1] Qaaf and the glorius Quran (al-qur’aani al-majeedi).
[85:21] Indeed, it is a glorious Quran (Qur’aanun majeedun).
[15:87] And surely, we have given you the seven pairs, and the great Quran (wal-qur’aana al-azeema).
[36:2] And the wise Quran (wal-qur’aana al-hakeemi).
[56:77] Certainty, this is an honorable Quran (la-qur’aanun kareemun).
- Quran is in a protected book ( fee kitaabin maknuunin) and only the sincere (al-mutaharuuna) has access to it but not those who have coverings around their hearts (`alaa quluubihim akinnatin) and deafness in their ears (fee adhaanihim waqran), preserved in a master tablet (lawhin mahfuuzin):
[56:78] In a protected book (kitaabin maknuunin).
[56:79] None can grasp it except the sincere (laa yamassuhu illaa al-mutaharuun).
[17:45] And when you read the Quran, we place between you and those who do not believe in the Hereafter an invisible barrier (hijaaban mastuuran).
[17:46] And we have placed coverings around their hearts (`alaa quluubihim akinnatin) lest they understand it and deafness in their ears (fee adhaanihim waqran). And when you mention your Lord with the Quran alone, they turn on their backs in aversion (‘alaa adbaarihim nufuuran).
[85:22] Preserved in a master tablet (fee lawhin mahfuuzin).
- Quran is a straight path (siraatu mustaqeeman) and guides to the straightest (yahdi lillati hiya aqwam):
[6:126] And this (Quran) is a straight path to your Lord (siraatu rabbika mustaqeeman). We have explained the revelations for people who take heed.
[6:153] And that this is My path, a straight (mustaqeeman), so you shall follow it, and you should do not follow any other paths lest they divert you from His path. That is what He has enjoined on you so that you may be righteous.
[17:9] Indeed, this Quran guides to the straightest path (aqwam), and brings good news to the believers who do the righteous works, that for them there is a great recompense.
- An Arabic Quran (Quranan `Arabiyyan) is complete (tammat), perfect/straight (qayyiman) and detailed (fussilat):
[41:3] A scripture, its verses are detailed (fussilat) in an Arabic Quran for a people who know.
[7:52] And indeed, we have provided them with a scripture that is detailed fassalnaahu) with knowledge of a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.
[18:2] A perfect (qayyiman) (scripture) to warn of a severe retribution from Him, and to give a good news to the believers who do the righteous works, that there is a good reward for them.
[6:115] And your Lord’s word has completed (tammat) truth and justice. There is none who can make changes to His words, and He is the Hearer, the Omniscient.
- Quran is flawless (laa-rayb), free of crookedness (iwaj), contradictions (ikh’tilian) or falsehood (al-Baatilu):
[2:2] That scripture, in which there is no doubt (laa-rayb), is a guidance for the righteous.
[39:28] An Arabic Quran, without any crookedness (iwaj), so that they may be righteous.
[4:82] Then why do they not study the Quran carefully? If it were from other than God, they would have found in it many contradictions (ikh’tilian).
[41:42] No falsehood (al-Baatilu) could enter it in the past or in the future; a revelation from a Most Wise, Praiseworthy.
- There is warning (al-wa’eed) in the Arabic Quran, while it is made straightforward for the warning (al-Quraana lil’dhikri) to be used to warn about the gathering to their Lord:
[20:113] We thus revealed it, an Arabic Quran, and we mentioned in it the warning (al-wa’eed) that they may fear, or it may cause them to take heed.
[54:17] And certainly, we made the Quran straightforward for the warning. So, will there be of who would have admonition? [repeated 4 times including the verses, 54:22, 32 & 40].
[6:51] And you (prophet) shall warn (andhir) with this (Quran) those who fear that they will be gathered to their Lord; for them there is no protector other than Him nor an intercessor that they fear (Him).
- Quran is God’s Hadith (hadeethin ba’da allahi), the best Hadith (ahsana al-Hadeethi):
[45:6] These are God’s revelations that we recite to you (O prophet) with truth. In which Hadith other than God (hadeethin ba’da allahi) and His revelations do they believe?
[39:23] God has revealed the best hadith (ahsana al-hadeethi), a book that is consistent with two paths. The skins of those who reverence their Lord shiver therefrom, then their skins and their hearts soften to the reminder of God. That is the guidance of God, He guides with it (Quran) whoever He wills. And whoever God let go astray, then there is no guide for him.
[12:111] In their history, there is a lesson for the people of intelligence. This is not a fabricated Hadith (hadeethan) but a confirmation of what was before it, and a detailed explanation of all things, and a guidance and mercy for a people who believe.
- Quran is the truth (al-haq) from God sent down with the truth (bil-haq) and a lesson (maw’izatun):
[2:147] The truth (al-haq) is from your Lord, so you should not be one of the doubtful ones.
[10:57] O people, there has come to you a lesson (maw’izatun) from your Lord, and a healing for what is in your hearts, and a guidance, and a mercy for the believers.
[11:120] And from each we narrate to you the news of the messengers to strengthen your heart with it. In this there has come to you the truth (al-haq) and a lesson (maw’izatun) and a reminder for the believers.
[17:105] And we sent it down with the truth (bil-haq), and it descended with the truth (bil-haq). And we have not sent you except a bearer of good news and a warner.
[32:3] Or do they say, “He fabricated it?” No, it is the truth (al-haq) from your Lord that you may warn a people has not come to them any warner before yours, so that they may be guided.
- Quran misguides those who have chosen misguidance for themselves placing coverings around their hearts and deafness in their ears disbelieving in the Hereafter as well as depriving them from mercy and healing given in it being blind to it:
[17:41] We have cited (all kinds of example) in this Quran that they may take heed. But it only increases their aversion.
[17:82] And what we reveal in the Quran, is healing and mercy for the believers. But it does not increase except loss to the wicked.
[17:45] And when you read the Quran, we place between you (prophet) and those who do not believe in the Hereafter an invisible barrier.
[17:46] And we have placed coverings around their hearts (`alaa quloobihim akinnatin) lest they understand it and deafness in their ears (fee adhaanihim waqran). And when you mention your Lord with the Quran alone, they turn on their backs in aversion (`alaa adbaarihim nufuuran).
[18:57] And who is more wicked than the one who is reminded with his Lord’s revelations but he turns away from them, forgetting what he has with him. Indeed, we have placed veils on their hearts lest they understand it, and deafness in their ears, and if you invite them to the guidance, they will never ever be guided.
[41:44] If we had made it a non-Arabic Quran, they would have said, “Why are not its verses so detailed?” Is it non-Arabic or Arabic? Say, “It is for those who believe, is a guidance (hudan) and a healing (shifaaun) but those who do not believe, there is a deafness in their ears and have blindness for them to it. These are being addressed from faraway.”
- Quran narrates the best history (ahsan al-qasasi) and cites all kinds of examples (kulli mathalin):
[12:3] We narrate to you the best history (ahsan al-qasasi) with what we have revealed to you in this Quran, and even though, of before its, you were certainly, among the unaware.
[17:89] And certainly, we have cited for the people every kind of example (kulli mathalin) in this Quran, but most people refused to be only disbelievers.
[39:27] And certainly, we have cited for the people every kind of example (kulli mathalin) in this Quran, so that they may take heed.
- Quran has prophesies of God for preserving the reminder (al-dhik’ra) through emerging a creature from the earth (dabbatan mina al-ardi) when the people are not certain of God’s revelations and of sending a messenger (rasuulan) upon delivery of all scripture supported by the sign 19:
[15:9] Indeed, we have revealed the reminder (al-dhik’ra), and indeed, we will certainly preserve it (la-hu la-hafizuuna).
[27:82] When the punishment is almost due upon them, we will produce for them a creature from the earth (dabbatan mina al-ardi) speaking to them that the people are not certain about our revelations.
[3:81] And when God took a covenant (meethaaqa) from the prophets: “Whatever I have given you of scripture and wisdom, then a messenger (rasuulan) will come to you confirming what is with you. You must believe in him and you must support him.” He said: “Do you agree and accept My covenant on that?” They said: “We agree.” He said: “Then you shall bear witness, and I am with you among the witnesses.”
[33:7] And when we took from the prophets their covenant and from you (minka referring to Muhammad), and from Noah, and Abraham, and Moses, and Jesus the son of Mary; We took from them a solemn covenant.
[74:30] Over it (`alayhaa) is nineteen (tis’`ata `ashara).
- Quran has been revealed with the truth confirming (musaddiqun) as well as consolidating (muhayminan) the scripture what was before it:
[2:89] And when a scripture came to them from God, confirming (musaddiqan) what was with them; and even before, they used to pray for victory over those who disbelieved, then when what they knew came to them, they disbelieved in it! So, God’s curse is upon the disbelievers.
[5:48] And we have revealed to you the scripture with the truth, confirming (musaddiqan) the scripture what was before it and consolidating (muhayminan) of it. So, you shall judge between them with what God has revealed, and you should not follow their wishes as the truth has come to you. For each of you, we have decreed a law and a clear way. And if God had willed, He would have made you one community, but He is to test you with what He has given you. So, you shall compete for the righteousness. To God you all will return, then He will inform you of what in it you had disputed.
- Quran has straightforward verses (ayaatun muh’kamraatun) called the essence of the scripture (ummu al-kitaabi) while others are allegorical (mutashaahibaatun):
[3:7] He is the One who sent down to you the scripture, in it there are straightforward verses (ayaatun muh’kamraatun) which are the essence of the scripture (ummu al-kitaabi) while others are allegorical (mutashaahibaatun). As for those who have perversity in their hearts, they will follow what is allegorical of it being confused as well as deriving an interpretation of it. But none know its interpretation except God and those who are well founded in knowledge. They say: “We believe in it, all is from our Lord.” And none will take heed except the people of understanding.
- Quran is a treasure of knowledge having all the words of our Lord that we need for our guidance while God is a source of the righteousness and a source of the forgiveness::
[18:109] Say, “If the ocean were ink for the words of my Lord, the ocean would run out, before the words of my Lord run out, even if we were to bring another like it for (ink) supplement.”
[31:27] If all the trees in the earth were made pens, and the ocean would be (ink), adding seven to it one after another, the words of God would not run out. God is Almighty, Most Wise.
[74:56] And none can pay attention except that God wills. He is a source of the righteousness and is a source of the forgiveness.
Quran is a wondrous creation of God and its awesomeness can be perceived even reflecting on some of its attributes as mentioned above. It is a treasure of knowledge and we may reveal a new information as our guidance every time we study, examine and inquire into it to address concern, questions, disputes for the people at all times until the end of the world. Someone might say or share with others what he/she has learned from it as of today as a student of the Quran meeting the requirements as defined by its author, the Knower, the Wise, the Cognizant.
God is the author and the teacher of the Quran, and He teaches us assigning many attributes to it: detailed, complete truth and justice, guidance, clear guidance, witness, good news, bearer of good news, warner, warning, mercy, healing, a caller to God , a light, great, glorious, honorable, wise, the truth, a message, a messenger, God’s messenger, seal of the prophets, blessed scripture, night of the power, clear scripture, straight path, statute book, God’s hadith, the best hadith, a reminder, blessed reminder, reminder for the world and a reminder of mathematical coding are mentioned while there might be many more left out because of our limited knowledge. These attributes teach us that we must examine and inquire into Quran, a great work of God to obtain appropriate answer in the event of any disputes or confusion being the only source of our knowledge to better understand His religion and to perfect practices of its rites as detailed in it.
God’s religion is as old as the history of human being on earth, and cannot be trapped in time and place assigning it to any prophets and messengers. His religion is evolved since origin but it was formally instituted and revealed through prophet Ibrahim including all the religious rites that we practice today. Since then, they are passed down through practicing of the people generation after generation. When the Quran was revealed, these practices were already in existence and the prophet was asked to continue the religious rites given to prophet Abraham (4:125 and 16:123) while the Quran has completed our religion updating, correcting and restoring its parts of practices that had been distorted or lost over the period of time down the generations up to prophet’s time. Even though, God’s laws and teachings are updated in the Quran to fit them for all generations of people until the end of the world while it was coded with instructions that any distortions of those practices down the generations can be detected and restored back as well.
It is not hidden from us that our religion is corrupted with numerous man-made innovations and traditions that are practiced today all over the world without knowing from what is in the Quran or its misinterpretation. The show off has increased among the religious observant including crowding to masjids to spend time with others in festivities like the days of ignorance (8:35) while it is very difficult to find a God’s masjid for worshiping to please Him. But those who are God’s conscious having certainty in the Hereafter should not have any hard time to detect corruptions in their beliefs and practices if they use their common senses. Thus, if we can pay our attention to God as a source of righteousness and forgiveness belonging to a great work revealed into prophet’s soul in a special night, then over a period of 23 years, and make all our efforts to do our business with Him knowing and following His source, we see our success in the Hereafter.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.