It is well known to the Muslim community that the whole Quran was placed into prophet Muhammad’s soul in the special night known as the Night of Power (laylatal al qadr) in 13 B.H (609 A.D.) when he, the soul not the body was taken to the highest Heaven. Subsequently, the angel Gabriel helped the prophet release a few verses of the Quran at a time from his soul to his memory over the time period of 23 years to place the entire Quran into his memory to read it piece by piece to his contemporary people. Hence, the revelation of the Quran took place in 2 different methods: (1) the whole Quran was placed into the prophet’s soul on the night of 27th Ramadan in 13 BH (609 AD) and (2) the Holy Spirit (Gabriel) gradually released it from prophet’s soul to his memory (heart) to read it to the people. The prophet wrote down and memorized the verses just released into his mind and also have them memorize by some of his associates. However, when the prophet died (632 AD), he left the complete Quran written down with his own hand in the chronological order of revelation along with specific instructions as to where to place every verse and sura. The divine instructions recorded by the prophet were designed to put the Quran together into its final format as we see it today:
Revealing of the whole Quran
The journey of the prophet to the highest Heaven to receive the whole Quran and the process of revealing Quran are still not clear to many of us. Let us confirm the process of revealing the Quran from the relevant verses of Quran as God has taught us that Quran has answers of all our questions and concern (75:18-19):
- The Quran was revealed in the month of Ramadan as guidance for the people, clear proofs of the guidance and the statute book. Fasting is decreed in the entire month to glorify God for what He has guided us so that we may grateful to Him:
[2:185] Ramadan is the month in which the Quran was revealed as guidance for the people, clear proofs of the guidance and the statute book. So whoever among you witnesses the month, then he should fast in it. But whoever is ill among you or on a journey, then the prescribed number in other days. God wishes for you ease and He does not wish for you hardship so that you can complete the prescribed number, and that you can glorify God for what He has guided you so that you may be grateful.
Note: Here is the commandment of God for fasting during the entire month of Ramadan to be grateful to Him to guide us with the Quran revealed in the month.
- The prophet was taken to the highest Heaven, billions of Light Years away from the earth to show him certain divine signs:
[17:1] Glory be to the One who took His servant (Muhammad) by night from the Sacred Masjid (of Mecca) to the farthest place of worship which we had blessed its surroundings that we may show him of our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearer, the Seer.
Note: This is the only verse in the Quran that has direct mention of the prophet’s journey specifying origination and destination. However, Muhammad, the soul, not the body was taken to the farthest place at the speed of million times faster than the speed of light.
- The Quran was revealed in a blessed night clarifying every matter of wisdom in it followed by an oath of God consisting of two statements including (a) the two Quranic initials, Ha.Meem and (b) the enlightening scripture:
[44:1] Ha. Meem
[44:2] And the enlightening scripture.
[44:3] Indeed, we have sent it (the scripture) down in a blessed night, indeed, we are warning.
[44:4] In it (the blessed night), every matter of wisdom is clarified.
Note: The masculine object pronoun (hu) in 44:3 refers to the scripture (Quran) while the female object pronoun (haa) in 44:4 refers to the blessed night. This gender difference helps us to eliminate any confusion from our heart to avoid any misinterpretation between the scripture and the blessed night.
- What was given to the prophet and what he saw in the ultimate point described in the following verses of the Quran. It was the divine inspiration by the Most Powerful who revealed what was to be revealed to him. The prophet was so close to God as He made it. The whole environment was awesome at the ultimate point, located near the eternal Paradise where he saw great signs of God:
[53:4] It was the divine inspiration.
[53:5] Given by the Most Powerful.
[53:6] Possessor of all authority established at the highest Height.
[53:7] At the highest horizon.
[53:8] He drew nearer by moving down.
[53:9] Until He became as close as possible.
[53:10] He then revealed to His servant what was to be revealed.
[53:11] The mind was not made up what it saw.
[53:12] Are you doubting what he saw?
[53:13] He saw him in another descent.
[53:14] At the ultimate point (sid’rat l-muntahaa).
[53:15] Where the eternal Paradise is located.
[53:16] The whole place was overwhelmed.
[53:17] The eyes did not waver, nor go blind.
[53:18] He saw great signs of his Lord.
Note: The above verses exclusively confirm that the divine inspiration took place at the ultimate point by God Himself while this event was made possible as the prophet (not the person but the soul) was brought physically close to Him.
- God has described the awesomeness of the night including the completion of process of revealing the Quran in the night calling it to be “The Night of Power”. Thus, He has made the night better than a thousand months. The angels and the Spirit descend with all commands to complete the process before the dawn:
[97:1] Indeed, we revealed it in the Night of Power.
[97:2] And do you know what the Night of Power is?
[97:3] The Night of Power is better than a thousand months.
[97:4] The angels and the Spirit (Gabriel) descend therein by their Lord’s permission with every command.
[97:5] Peace it is until the advent of the dawn.
Note: The process of completion of revealing the entire Quran is described to pay our proper attention to use it as our guidance while the ritual around the revelation of the Quran is decreed in 2:185, which is fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The completion of the process before the dawn indicates that the event took place between the night prayer and the dawn prayer so that the prophet did not miss any prayer, and we may also reflect on the importance of the Contact Prayer to establish it in a timely manner for developing our soul.
There are 26 verses across 5 suras in the Quran covering different aspects of the event of revealing the entire Quran. If the relevant sura and verse numbers are added, the total is a multiple of 19 => 589 = 19x31 as shown below:
Gradual revealing of the Quran
The holy and honest Spirit (Gabriel) brought it down piece by piece from God and passed it to the Prophet while the honest Prophet read it to the people, which took over a period of about 23 years from 609 to 632 to complete the delivery of the whole Quran. Since both the Gabriel and the Prophet are directly connected to read it to the people and their connection are reflected in the following verses of the Quran to understand the process of gradual revealing of the Quran:
[2:97] Say, “Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel, then you know that he has brought it (Quran) down into your heart, in accordance with God’s will, confirming what was before it, and a guidance and good news for the believers.”
Note: The Gabriel was an integral part of the process of revealing the Quran required for passing it piece by piece to the prophet so as to read it to the people.
[16:2] He sends down the angels with the Spirit (Gabriel) of His commands, to whomever He chooses from among His servants that you shall warn that there is no other god beside Me. Therefore, you shall reverence Me.
[16:102] Say: “The Holy Spirit (Gabriel) has brought it (Quran) down from your Lord with truth to strengthen those who believe, and as a guidance and good news for the submitters.”
[17:85] And they ask you (Muhammad) about the Spirit (Gabriel). Say, “The Spirit (Gabriel) comes by the command of my Lord, and the knowledge you are given is but very little.”
Note: The angels and the Gabriel were integral part of the process of revealing the Quran required for passing it piece by piece to the prophet so as to read it to the people.
[17:106] And a Quran that we have divided into parts that you may read it to the people over a period of time; and we have sent it down gradually.
Note: The gradual process of revealing the Quran piece by piece that took over the period of time.
[22:52] And we did not send before you (Muhammad) any messenger nor a prophet, without having the devil interfere in his recitation. God then nullifies the devil interference as well as God perfects His revelations. And God is Omniscient, Most Wise.
Note: From the historical view the Gabriel was confirmed to be an integral part of the process of revealing the Quran required for passing it piece by piece to the prophet so as to read it to the people, even to maintain the purity of the Quran.
[26:192] And indeed, it (Quran) is a revelation from the Lord of the universe.
[26:193] The Honest Spirit (Gabriel) came down with it (Quran).
[26:194] Into your (Muhammad) heart that you may be one of the warners.
[26:195] In a clear Arabic tongue.
[26:196] And it (Quran) is certainly, mentioned in the scriptures of the previous people.
Note: An Arabic Quran is a revelation from the Lord of the universe and the Gabriel came down with it, which was also mentioned in the scripture of the previous people.
[76:23] Indeed, we have revealed to you (Muhammad) the Quran gradually.
Note: The Quran was revealed gradually.
There are 12 verses across 6 suras in connection with the mediation of the Gabriel to pass the pieces of the Quran that the prophet read to the people. If the relevant sura and verse numbers are added, the total is a multiple of 19 => 1596 = 19x84 (details are shown in the table below):
26 verses across 5 suras in the Quran cover the different aspects of the single-night event of revealing the entire Quran while 12 verses across 6 suras in connection with the mediation of the Gabriel to pass the pieces of the Quran that the prophet read to the people. The Quran is honorable and so is the night in which it was revealed being a special just like a thousand months because of the completion of the process of revealing Quran that took place on the night of 27th Ramadan in 13 B.H. Muhammad participated in the process driven by God involving Gabriel and the angels while God Himself established at the highest height placed the whole Quran into his soul.
The different aspects of the single-night event have been found across 5 suras, and we are blessed to detect suras and verses linked with the event. Thus, we have both logical and mathematical proofs to confirm the night being the night of a great event that God has called it the “Night of Power”. Thus, what is directly related to the event is God has decreed fasting during the entire month of Ramadan and this is the only rite decreed by God in the Quran in honor of the Night of Power to purify our souls and express our appreciation for the light He had sent us. However, to earn extra rewards considering Ramadan a blessed month we may plan to intensify our remembrance of God and extend our time to study the Quran to understand God’s teachings and laws in it to follow. But evidences confirm that there is no extra salat nor is there anything like staying up nights during the last ten days of Ramadan to experience the Night of Power from God except introduced by tradition.
In addition, there had been some confusion around the Muslim arena for long about the blessed night but God has blessed us with the knowledge to confirm it on the night of 27th Ramadan from the very sura that has described the significance and the process of revealing the Quran involving the angels and the Gabriel. There is also a 2-fold confirmation from the occurrences of the phrase “laylat al-qadr” (the Night of Power) in the sura and the gematrical values of the Arabic letters that spell out the phrase. This confirmation would help us eliminate any misconceptions or rituals around the night introduced by traditions.
Quran was released gradually over the period of 23 years to move it in pieces from the prophet’s soul (heart) to his memory to facilitate his memorization as well as to share it with the people around him. Thus, the angels and the Gabriel were an integral part of the process of revealing the Quran required for passing it piece by piece to the prophet so as to read it to the people as well. A perfect Arabic Quran, a revelation from the Lord of the universe was delivered as a guidance and bearer of good news for the submitters and the believers. While the delivery of the pure Quran was confirmed eliminating the two verses recited by the prophet being inspired by the Satan after the verses, 19 & 20 of the sura 53 (Al-Najm), which has the reference to the verse 52 of the sura 22 (Al-Hajj) can be reflected to be a historical event.
We are blessed with the knowledge to mathematically confirm many of our given rites, commandments and the crucial events to remove any traces of doubt from our hearts, and God willing, we have the same opportunity to apply that to confirm both the events of the one-night event of revealing the entire Quran and the gradual releasing of the Quran over the period of 23 years to move it in pieces from the prophet’s soul (heart) to his memory to facilitate his memorization and to share it with the people around him either. This would help us to avoid many misconceptions around the revelation of the Quran and the journey of the prophet to the highest horizon if we can reflect.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless. Tafazzal (6/29/2018).