top_heading

Certain awesome attributes of the Quran

[17:88] Say, “If the human and the Jinn were united together to bring a Quran like this, they could not bring one like this, even if they were helpers of one another.”

The message in the above verse confirms that the Quran is so efficiently designed providing with so many attributes, proofs, wonders, knowledge and wisdom that it is not possible for any person or a group to know all of them in any generation except what is needed to lead a righteous life for the believers in a particular generation according to God’s will. However, here is an attempt to list the attributes of Quran what are spelled out by Almighty God in His infallible scripture as reassurance and reminder for those who reverence Him:

  • Quran is authored by God (al-kitab min Allah)

[40:1-2] Ha Meem. The revelation (tanzeel) of the scripture (al-kitaab) is from God, the Almighty, the Omniscient (min Allah al-Azeez al-Aleem).
[41:1-2] Ha Meem. A revelation from the Most Gracious, Most Merciful (al-Rahman al–Raheem).
[42:1-3] Ha Meem. Ayn Seen Qaf. Like that inspiring you (Muhammad), and those before you, is God, the Almighty, the Most Wise (Allah al-Azeez al-Hakeem).
[11:1] Alif Lam Rah. This is a scripture whose verses have been perfected, then detailed out from the One who is Most Wise, Most Cognizant (min ladun Hakeemin Khabeer).

  • Quran is taught by the Most Gracious (al-Rahman. allama al-Quran):

[55:1-2] The Most Gracious (al-Rahman). He taught the Quran (allama al-Quran).
[55:3-4] He created the human being (khalaq al-insaan). He taught him how to distinguish. (allamahu al-bayaan)

  • Quran is a guidance (hudan), a bearer of good news (basheerun), a mercy (rahmatan), a healing (shifaaun) and a warner (nadheerun):

[2:97] Say, “Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel, then you know that he has brought it (Quran) down into your heart, in accordance with God’s will, confirming what was before it, and a guidance and good news for the believers (hudan wa-bush’raa lil’mu’mineena).”
[11:2] That you shall not worship other than God. I am (innanee) to you (lakum) from Him a warner (nadheerun) and a bearer of good news (basheerun).
[16:89] The day we will raise from every community a witness from among them, and will bring you as a witness of these people. We have revealed to you the scripture as a clarification for everything, and a guidance, and mercy, and good news for the submitters (wa-hudan wa-rahmatan wa-bush’raa lil’mus’limeena).
[16:102] Say: “The Holy Spirit (Gabriel) has brought it (Quran) down from your Lord with truth to strengthen those who believe, and as a guidance and good news for the submitters (hudan wa-bush’raa lil’mus’limeena).”
[27:2] A guidance and good news for the believers (hudan wa-bush’raa lil’mumineen).
[41:44] If we had made it a non-Arabic Quran, they would have said, “Why are not its verses so detailed?” Is it non-Arabic or Arabic? Say, “It is for those who believe, is a guidance (hudan) and a healing (shifaaun) but those who do not believe, there is a deafness in their ears and they are blind to it. These are being addressed from faraway.”

  • Quran is the statute book (al-furqan):

[25:1] Blessed is the One who revealed the statute book (al-furqan) to His servant (Muhammad), so he can be a warner to the world.
[2:185] Ramadan is the month in which the Quran was revealed as guidance for the people, clear proofs of the guidance, and the statute book (wa-al-furqan)…..
[3:3-4] He sent down to you the scripture with the truth, confirming what was before it, and He sent down the Torah and the Gospel; before this as a guidance for the people, and He sent down the statute book (al-furqan). Indeed, those who disbelieved in the revelations of God, there is severe retribution for them. God is Almighty, Avenger.

  • Quran is the wise scripture (al-kitab al-Hakeem) and law in Arabic (hukman Arabiyyan):

[10:1] Alif Lam Rah. These are the proofs of the book, the Wise (al-kitab al-Hakeem).
[13:37] And thus, we revealed it as a law in Arabic (hukman Arabiyyan), and if you follow their desires, after what has come to you of the knowledge, you will have no ally, nor a protector against God.
[6:114] Shall I seek other than God to be a source of law (hakaman), when He has revealed to you this book fully detailed? Those to whom we gave the scripture know that it has been revealed from your Lord with the truth. So, do not be with the doubtful ones.

  • A clear Quran (Quraneen mubeen) and the clear scripture (al-kitab al-mubeen):

[15:1] Alif Lam Rah. These are proofs of the scripture and a clear Quran (Quraneen mubeen).
[12:1] Alif Lam Rah. These are proofs of the clear scripture (al-kitab al-mubeen).
[26:1-2] Ta Seen Meem. These are proofs of the clear scripture (al-kitab al-mubeen).
[27:1] Ta Seen. These are proofs of the Quran and a clear scripture (kitabeen mubeen).
[28:1-2] Ta Seen Meem. These are proofs of the clear scripture (al-kitab al-mubeen).
[43:1-2] Ha Meem. And the clear scripture (al-kitab al-mubeen).
[44:1-2] Ha Meem. And the clear scripture (al-kitab al-mubeen).

  • Quran has built-in mathematical system as a reminder in the feminine form (wa-maa hiya illaa dhik’raa lil’bashar), the number 19 being its common denominator (alayhaa tis’ata ashara):

[74:30] Over it is nineteen (alayhaa tis’ata ashara).
[74:31] And we made the angels to be guardians of Hell, and we did not make their number except: (1) to warn the disbelievers, (2) to make certain for those who were given the scripture, (3) to strengthen the faith of those who believe, and (4) to eliminate any doubt from those who were given the scripture and the believers. Those who have disease in their hearts as well as the disbelievers would say, “What did God mean by this allegory?” Thus, God misguides whomever he wills and He guides whomever He wills. None knows your Lord’s soldiers except He. And it is but a reminder for the humans (wa-maa hiya illaa dhik’raa lil’bashar).
[74:32-36] Absolutely, (I swear) by the moon. And the night as it passes. And the morning as it shines. Surely, this is undoubtly one of the greatest.
[74:37] A warning to the human race. For those among you who wish to advance or regress.

  • Quran is a reminder in masculine form for the world (dhik’run lil`Aalameen):

[12:104] And you do not ask them any wage for it. It is but a reminder for the world (dhik’run lil’Aalameen).
[38:87] It is but a reminder for the world (dhik’run lil`Aalameen).
[68:52] It is but a reminder for the world (dhik’run lil`Aalameen).
[81:27] It is but a reminder for the world (dhik’run lil`Aalameen).

  • Quran is a blessed scripture (kitabun mubaarakun) and a blessed reminder (dhik’run mubaarakun) revealed in a blessed night (laylatin mubaarakatin):

[6:155] This is a blessed scripture (kitabun mubaarakun) that we have revealed; you shall follow it and lead a righteous life so that you may receive mercy.
[21:50] And this is a blessed reminder (dhik’run mubaarakun) that we sent down. Will you then be the deniers of it?
[44:3] Indeed, we have revealed it in a blessed night (laylatin mubaarakatin), indeed, we are to warn.

  • Quran is Glorious (al-Quran al-Majeed), an attribute of God:

[50:1] Qaf and the Quran, the Glorious (al-Quran al-Majeed).
[85:21] Indeed, it is a glorious Quran (Quranun Majeed).

  • Quran is the Great (al-qur’aana al-azeem), an attribute of God:

[15:87] And surely, we have given you the seven pairs, and the Quran, the great (wal-qur’aana al-azeem).

  • Quran is the Wise (al-qur’aana al-hakeem), an attribute of God:

[36:2] And the Quran, the wise (wal-qur’aana al-hakeem).

  • Quran is Honorable (Quranun Kareem), an attribute of God:

[56:77] This is an honorable Quran (Quranun Kareem).

  • Quran is a protected book (kitabin maknoon) and only the sincere has access to it (laa yamassuhu illaa al-mutaharoon):

[56:77] This is an honorable Quran.
[56:78] In a protected book (kitabin maknoon).
[56:79] None can grasp it except the sincere (laa yamassuhu illaa al-mutaharoon).
[17:45] And when you read the Quran, we place between you and those who do not believe in the Hereafter an invisible barrier (hijaaban mastoor).
[17:46] And we have placed coverings around their hearts (alaa quloobihim akinnatan) lest they understand it and deafness in their ears (fee adhaanihim waqran). And when you mention your Lord with the Quran alone, they turn on their backs in aversion (alaa adbaarihim nufooran).

  • Quran is preserved in a master tablet (fee lawhin mahfooz):

[85:21] Indeed, it is a glorious Quran.
[85:22]Preserved in a master tablet (fee lawhin mahfooz).

  • Quran is a straight path (siraatu mustaqeem) and guides to the straightest (yahdi lillati hiya aqwam):

[6:126] This (Quran) is a straight path to your Lord (siraatu rabbika mustaqeem). We have explained the revelations for people who take heed.
[6:153] And this is My path, a straight one (siraati mustaqeeman), so follow it, and do not follow any other paths lest they divert you from His path. That is what He has enjoined you so that you may be righteous
[17:9] This Quran guides to the straightest path (yahdi lillati hiya aqwam), and brings good news to the believers who do the righteous works, that they have deserved a great recompense.

  • An Arabic Quran (Quranan Arabiyyan) is complete (tammat), perfect/straight (qayyiman) and detailed (fussilat):

[43:3] We have made it an Arabic Quran (Quranan Arabiyyan), so that you may understand.
[41:3] A scripture, its verses are detailed (fussilat) in an Arabic Quran for a people who know.
[6:115] The word of your Lord has been completed (tammat) with truth and justice. None can change His words, and He is the Hearer, the Omniscient.
[18:2] A perfect (qayyiman) (scripture) to warn of a severe retribution from Him, and to give a good news to the believers who do the righteous works, that there is a good reward for them.
[7:52] And indeed, we have provided them with a scripture that is detailed (fassalnaahu) with knowledge of a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.
[12:111] In their history, there is a lesson for the people of intelligence. This is not a fabricated Hadith but a confirmation of what was before it, and a detailed explanation (taf’seel) of all things, and is a guidance and mercy for a people who believe.

  • Quran is flawless (laa-rayb), free of crookedness (iwaj), contradictions (ikh’tilian) or falsehood (al-Baatil):

[2:2] This scripture wherein there is no doubt (laa-rayb), is a guidance for the righteous.
[39:28] An Arabic Quran, without any crookedness (iwaj), so that they may be righteous.
[4:82] Why do they not study the Quran carefully? If it were from other than God, they would have found in it many contradictions (ikh’tilian).
[41:42] No falsehood (al-Baatil) could enter it, in the past or in the future; a revelation from a Most Wise, Praiseworthy.

  • Quran has been made easy to learn (yassarnaa al-Quraana lil’dhikri):

[54:17] We made the Quran easy to learn. Does any of you wish to learn? (54:22, 32 & 40)

  • Quran is God’s Hadith (hadeethin ba’da Allah), the best Hadith (ahsana al-Hadeeth):

[45:6] These are God’s revelations that we recite to you (O prophet) with truth. In which Hadith other than God (hadeethin ba’da Allah) and His revelations do they believe?
[39:23] God has revealed the best hadith (ahsana al-hadeeth), a book that is consistent with two paths. The skins of those who reverence their Lord shiver therefrom, then their skins and their hearts soften to the reminder of God. Such is the guidance of God, He guides with it (Quran) whoever He wills. And whoever God let go astray, then there is no guide for him.

  • Quran has the truth (al-Haq), a lesson (maw’izatun), a reminder (dhik’raa) and a mercy (rahmatun):

[10:57] O people, there has come a lesson (maw’izatun) to you from your Lord, and a healing for what is in your hearts, and a guidance, and a mercy (rahmatun) for the believers.
[11:120] And from each we narrate to you the news of the messengers to strengthen your heart with it. In this there has come to you the truth (al-Haq) and a lesson (maw’izatun) and a reminder (dhik’raa) for the believers.

  • Quran misguides those who choose to be misguided:

[17:41] We have cited (all kinds of example) in this Quran that they may take heed. But it only increases their aversion.
[17:82] We reveal from the Quran, which is a healing and mercy for the believers. But it only increases the wickedness of the wicked.
[17:45] And when you read the Quran, we place between you (Muhammad) and those who do not believe in the Hereafter an invisible barrier.
[17:46] And we have placed coverings around their hearts (alaa quloobihim akinnatan) lest they understand it and deafness in their ears (fee adhaanihim waqran). And when you mention your Lord with the Quran alone, they turn on their backs in aversion (alaa adbaarihim nufooran).
[18:57] Who is more wicked than the one who is reminded with his Lord’s revelations but he turns away from them, forgetting what he has with him. Indeed, we have placed veils on their hearts lest they understand it, and deafness in their ears, and if you invite them to the guidance, they will never ever be guided.
[41:44] If we had made it a non-Arabic Quran, they would have said, “Why are not its verses so detailed?” Is it non-Arabic or Arabic? Say, “It is for those who believe, is a guidance (hudan) and a healing (shifaaun) but those who do not believe, there is a deafness in their ears and they are blind to it. These are being addressed from faraway.”

  • Quran narrates the best history (ahsan al-qasas) and cites all kinds of examples (kulli mathalin) and the warning (al-wa’eed):

[12:3] We narrate to you the best history (ahsan al-qasas) with what we have revealed to you in this Quran, and before this, you were of those who were unaware.
[17:41] We have cited (all kinds of example) in this Quran that they may take heed. But it only increases their aversion.
[17:89] We have cited for the people every kind of example (kulli mathalin) in this Quran, but most people refused to be only disbelievers.
[20:113] We thus revealed it, an Arabic Quran, and we mentioned in it the warning (al-wa’eed) that they may fear, or it may cause them to take heed.
[39:27] We have cited for the people every kind of example (kulli mathalin) in this Quran, so that they may take heed.

  • Quran has prophecies that are to be fulfilled at the appropriate time:

[3:81] And when God took a covenant from the prophets: “Whatever I have given you of the scripture and wisdom, then a messenger comes to you confirming what is with you. You shall believe in him and support him.” He said: “Do you agree and pledge to fulfill this covenant?” They said: “We agree.” He said: “You have thus borne witness, and I bear witness along with you.”
[33:7] And when we took from the prophets their covenant and from you, and from Noah, and Abraham, and Moses, and Jesus the son of Mary; We took from them a solemn covenant.
[15:9] Indeed, we have revealed the reminder, and indeed, we will preserve it.
[27:82] When the punishment is almost due upon them, we will produce for them a creature from the earth speaking to them that the people are not certain about our revelations.

  • Quran confirms (musaddiqan) and consolidates (muhayminan) the scripture what was before it:

[5:48] And we have revealed to you the scripture with the truth, confirming (musaddiqan) the scripture what is before it and consolidating (muhayminan) of it. So, you shall judge between them with what God has revealed, and do not follow their wishes as the truth has come to you. For each of you, we have decreed a law and a clear way. Had God willed, He would have made you one community, but He is to test you with what He has given you. So, you shall compete for righteousness. To God you all will return, then He will inform you of what in it you had disputed.
[2:89] And when a scripture came to them from God, confirming (musaddiqan) what was with them; and even before, they used to pray for victory over those who disbelieved, then when what they knew came to them, they disbelieved in it! So, God’s curse is upon the disbelievers.

  • Quran is the truth (al-Haq) from God:

[2:147] This is the truth (al-Haq) from your Lord; so do not be one of those who are doubtful.
[17:105] And we sent it down with the truth (bil-Haq), and with the truth (bil-Haq) it came down. And we have not sent you except as a bearer of good news and a warner.
[32:3] Do they say, “He fabricated it?” No, it is the truth (al-Haq) from your Lord that you may warn a people who have not received a warner before you, so that they may be guided.

  • Quran has straightforward verses (ayaatun muh’kamraatun) called the essence of the scripture (ummu al-kitab) while others are allegorical (mutashaahibaatun):

[3:7] He is the One who sent down to you the scripture, in it there are straightforward verses (ayaatun muh’kamraatun) which are the essence of the scripture (ummu al-kitab) while others are allegorical (mutashaahibaatun). As for those who have perversity in their hearts, they will follow what is allegorical of it being confused as well as deriving an interpretation of it. But none know its interpretation except God and those who are well founded in knowledge. They say: “We believe in it, all is from our Lord.” And none will take heed except the people of understanding.

  • Quran is a messenger (rasool), a bearer of good news (basheer), and a warner (nadheer):

[65:10] God has prepared a severe retribution for them. Therefore, you shall reverence God, O people of understanding, who have believed. God has sent down to you a message (dhikran),
[65:11] a messenger (rasoolan) who recites to you God’s revelations, clearly that may bring out those who believe and do righteous works from the darkness into the light. And whoever believes in God and does righteous works, He will admit him into gardens with flowing streams to abide therein forever. Indeed, God has granted him good provision.
[11:1] Alif Lam Rah. This is a scripture whose verses have been perfected, then detailed out from the One who is Most Wise, Most Cognizant.
[11:2] That you shall not worship other than God. I am (innanee) to you (lakum) from Him a warner (nadheerun) and a bearer of good news (basheerun).

  • Quran is our savior being the only source of our knowledge:

[18:109] Say, “If the ocean were ink for the words of my Lord, the ocean would run out, before the words of my Lord run out, even if we were to bring another like it for (ink) supplement.”
[31:27] If all the trees in the earth were made pens, and the ocean would be (ink), adding seven to it one after another, the words of God would not run out. God is Almighty, Most Wise.
[6:51] And warn with this (Quran) to those who are aware that they will be gathered to their Lord; they do not have besides Him any protector nor an intercessor so that they may be righteous.
[36:11] You (Muhammad) can ONLY (innamaa) warn him who follows the reminder (Quran) and fears the Most Gracious in the unseen. So give him good news of forgiveness and an honorable recompense.

Conclusion

Quran is a wondrous creation of God and its awesomeness can be perceived even reflecting on some of its attributes. It is a treasure of knowledge and we may reveal a new information as our guidance every time we study, examine and inquire into it to address concern, questions, disputes for the people at all times until the end of the world. Someone might say or share with others what he/she has learned from it as of today as a student of the Quran meeting the requirements as defined by the author, the Almighty and Omniscient God.

God is the author as well as the teacher of the Quran. He teaches us through His revelation assigning it many attributes that we need to lead a righteous life. However, a few of them are described in the above including transliterated Arabic text in some cases for better understanding while there might be many more are left out because of our limited knowledge. But what has been confirmed is that the Quran is the only source of our knowledge to understand His religion as well as to perfect practices of His rites as given. Thus, in the event of any of our disputes or confusion we must examine and inquire into it to obtain the appropriate answer, which are not unusual as reflected in the attributes.

God’s religion is as old as the history of human being on earth. His religion is evolved since origin but it was formally instituted and revealed through prophet Ibrahim including all the religious rites that we practice today. Since then, they are passed down to us through practices of people generation after generation. When the Quran was revealed, these practices were already in existence and the prophet was asked to continue the religious rites given to prophet Abraham (16:123) while the Quran has completed our religion correcting and restoring the parts of those practices that had been distorted over the period of time down the generations up to prophet’s time. However, God’s laws and teachings are updated in the Quran to fit them for all generations of people until the end of the world while the Quran was coded with information and instructions so that any distortion of those practices down the generations can be detected and restored back.

It is not hidden from us that our religion is corrupted with many man-made innovations as well as inserting many traditions into it all over the world, The show off has increased among many of us including crowding to the mosque to spend time with others in festivities like the days of ignorance (8:35). The Quran has everything as a single source of our religious teachings and laws that can help us if we study and inquire it carefully reflecting on its attributes to get rid of those innovations to perfect our beliefs and practices even applying our common sense in some cases for fulfilling the ultimate objective of our religion given by God.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.
Tafazzal (1/13/2017).