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The Verses of Quran related to Zakat

Zakat (Obligatory Charity) is one of the major duties required by God from all of His Submitters, and this requirement is mentioned in different forms such as Zakah, Haqqun and Nafaqah in the Quran to understand His law for fulfillment it on behalf of us.

Verses that refers to Zakat

There are 31 instances of “Zakat” in 19 suras of the Quran. Here are the verses of instances that exactly refer to “Zakat“. However, the instances that do not deal with “Zakat” are found in (18:81, 19:13 and 30:39):

[2:43] You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and bow down with those who bow down.
[2:83] We made a covenant with the Children of Israel: “You shall not worship except GOD. You shall honor your parents and regard the relatives, the orphans, and the poor. You shall treat the people amicably. You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat).” But you turned away, except a few of you, and you became averse.
[2:110] You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat). Any good you send forth on behalf of your souls, you will find it at GOD. GOD is seer of everything you do.
[2:177] Righteousness is not turning your faces towards the east or the west. Righteous are those who believe in GOD, the Last Day, the angels, the scripture, and the prophets; and they give the money, cheerfully, to the relatives, the orphans, the needy, the traveling alien, the beggars, and to free the slaves; and they observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat); and they keep their word whenever they make a promise; and they steadfastly persevere in the face of persecution, hardship, and war. These are the truthful; these are the righteous.
[2:277] Those who believe and lead a righteous life, and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), they receive their recompense from their Lord; they will have nothing to fear, nor will they grieve.
[4:77] Have you noted those who were told, “You do not have to fight; all you need to do is observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat),” then, when fighting was decreed for them, they feared the people as much as they feared GOD, or even more? They said, “Our Lord, why did You force this fighting on us? If only You respite us for awhile!” Say, “The materials of this world are nil, while the Hereafter is far better for the righteous, and you never suffer the slightest injustice.”
[4:162] As for those among them who are well founded in knowledge, and the believers, they believe in what was revealed to you, and in what was revealed before you. They are observers of the Contact Prayers (Salat), and givers of the obligatory charity (Zakat); they are believers in GOD and the Last Day. We grant these a great recompense.
[5:12] GOD had taken a covenant from the Children of Israel, and we raised among them twelve patriarchs. And GOD said, “I am with you, so long as you observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and believe in My messengers and respect them, and continue to lend GOD a loan of righteousness. I will then remit your sins, and admit you into gardens with flowing streams. Anyone who disbelieves after this, has indeed strayed off the right path.”
[5:55] Your real allies are GOD and His messenger, and the believers who observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and they bow down.
[7:156] “And decree for us righteousness in this world, and in the Hereafter. We have repented to You.” He said, “My retribution befalls whomever I will. But My mercy encompasses all things. However, I will specify it for those who (1) lead a righteous life, (2) give the obligatory charity (Zakat), (3) believe in our revelations.”
[9:5] Once the Sacred Months are past, (and they refuse to make peace) you may kill the idol worshipers when you encounter them, punish them, and resist every move they make. If they repent and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), you shall let them go. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.
[9:11] If they repent and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), then they are your brethren in religion. We thus explain the revelations for people who know.
[9:18] The only people to frequent GOD’s masjids are those who believe in GOD and the Last Day, and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and do not fear except GOD. These will surely be among the guided ones.
[9:71] The believing men and women are allies of one another. They advocate righteousness and forbid evil, they observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and they obey GOD and His messenger. These will be showered by GOD’s mercy. GOD is Almighty, Most Wise.
[19:31] “He made me blessed wherever I go, and enjoined me to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and the obligatory charity (Zakat) for as long as I live.
[19:55] He used to enjoin his family to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and the obligatory charity (Zakat); he was acceptable to his Lord.
[21:73] We made them imams who guided in accordance with our commandments, and we taught them how to work righteousness, and how to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and the obligatory charity (Zakat). To us, they were devoted worshipers.
[22:41] They are those who, if we appointed them as rulers on earth, they would establish the Contact Prayers (Salat) and the obligatory charity (Zakat), and would advocate righteousness and forbid evil. GOD is the ultimate ruler.
[22:78] You shall strive for the cause of GOD as you should strive for His cause. He has chosen you and has placed no hardship on you in practicing your religion – the religion of your father Abraham. He is the one who named you “Submitters” originally. Thus, the messenger shall serve as a witness among you, and you shall serve as witnesses among the people. Therefore, you shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and hold fast to GOD; He is your Lord, the best Lord and the best Supporter.
[23:4] And they give their obligatory charity (Zakat).
Note: Not part of core commands indicating a trait of a righteous
[24:37] People who are not distracted by business or trade from commemorating GOD; they observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and they are conscious of the day when the minds and the eyes will be horrified.
[24:56] You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and obey the messenger, that you may attain mercy.
[27:3] Who observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and they are, with regard to the Hereafter, absolutely certain.
[31:4] Who observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and as regards the Hereafter, they are absolutely certain.
[33:33] You shall settle down in your homes, and do not mingle with the people excessively, like you used to do in the old days of ignorance. You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and obey GOD and His messenger. GOD wishes to remove all unholiness from you, O you who live around the Sacred Shrine, and to purify you completely.
[41:7] “Who do not give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and with regard to the Hereafter, they are disbelievers.”
[58:13] If you failed to give to charity before conferring, then repented thereafter, GOD accepts your repentance. You shall observe the contact prayers (Salat), give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and obey GOD and His messenger. GOD is fully Cognizant of everything you do.
[73:20] Your Lord knows that you meditate during two-thirds of the night, or half of it, or one-third of it, and so do some of those who believed with you. GOD has designed the night and the day, and He knows that you cannot always do this. He has pardoned you. Instead, you shall read what you can of the Quran. He knows that some of you may be ill, others may be traveling in pursuit of GOD’s provisions, and others may be striving in the cause of GOD. You shall read what you can of it, and observe the contact prayers (Salat), give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and lend GOD a loan of righteousness. Whatever good you send ahead on behalf of your souls, you will find it at GOD far better and generously rewarded. And implore GOD for forgiveness. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.
[98:5] All that was asked of them was to worship GOD, devoting the religion absolutely to Him alone, observe the contact prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat). Such is the perfect religion.

Zakat-like verses

[6:141] He is the One who established gardens, trellised and untrellised, and palm trees, and crops with different tastes, and olives, and pomegranate – fruits that are similar, yet dissimilar. Eat from their fruits when they ripen, and give the due alms [Haqqahu] on the day of harvest, and do not waste anything. He does not love the wasters.
Note: Not part of core commands but to take initiatives to pay Zakat timely manner when we have income indicating a trait of a righteous.
[17:26] You shall give the due alms [Haqqahu] to the relatives, the needy, the poor, and the traveling alien, but do not be excessive, extravagant.
[51:19] And in their wealth was a portion set aside [Haqqun] for the beggar and the needy. “Wa-Fee Am’walihim Haqqun Lilssaa-e-li wal-Mahruumi”
(Revelation order 67)
[70:24-25] And they set aside a known amount (Haqqun Ma’luumun) of their wealth. “Wa-Alladheena Fee Am’walihim Haqqun Maluumun” for the beggars and the needy “Lilssaa-e-li wal-Mahruumi”. (Revelation Order 79)
Note: Both 51:19 and 70:24 speak about to set aside a portion of our wealth for the needy but 70:24 specifies a definite portion, which is 2.5% passed down to us from the time of prophet Ibrahim as given by God.

Verses that support Zakat

[2:215] They ask you about giving [Yunfiquun]: say, “The charity you give [Anfaqtum] shall go to the parents, the relatives, the orphans, the poor, and the traveling alien.” Any good you do, GOD is fully aware thereof.
Note: The recipients of Zakat are mentioned in the verse 17:26, which is further clarified in this verse being later revelation, and in the expression “They ask you about giving” has an indication of it. Thus, this verse supports Zakat without being part of the core commands of Zakat.
[3:134] who give to charity [Yunfiquun] during the good times, as well as the bad times. They are suppressors of anger, and pardoners of the people. GOD loves the charitable (Al-Muh’sineen).
Note: The overall expression and the use of Arabic word, Al-Muh’sineen at the end of the verse confirm that this verse supports Zakat indicating the trait of the righteous.

There are 26 verses in the Quran out of 29 where Salat and Zakat are mentioned together, which indicates the importance of both Salat and Zakat. There are also 4 verses (6:141, 17:26, 51:19, 70:24) where Zakat-like instances (Haqq) are found. There are 2 other verses (2:215, 3:134) that support Zakat.

The core commands being obligatory for us are found to participate in the mathematical interpretation of Zakat but not those verses that support Zakat. Thus, the references of Zakat are found in 31 verses of 19 suras. If the relevant sura and verse numbers are added, the total is 2394 which is a multiple of 19 => 2394 = 19x126. This mathematical interpretation confirms that Muslims are required to fulfill this obligation at any circumstances whether they have low or high income.

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