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Review instances of mur’sil (مُرْسِل) and mur’sal (مُّرْسَل)

Introduction

The instances of Arabic words from the root: raa, seen and laam (ر س ل) occur 512 times in the Quran in 8 derived forms having similar meanings according to their morphological and grammatical forms while we know that an Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context, which is a key concept to understand the message coded in the Arabic text of the Quran:

Note: The above table is populated with data obtained from the corpus.quran.com

512 instances can broadly be grouped into 3 forms: 130 as the verb, 341 as the noun including 10 instances of risālāt and risālat meaning message found in 2 different forms and 41 as the participle form.

However, 5 instances of mur’sil meaning “sent one” in the active participle form and 36 instances of mur’sal meaning “is sent one” (Messenger being the meaning of mur’sal is not appropriately reflected in the above table) in the passive participle form are reviewed here:

Instances of mur’sil

There are 5 instances of mur’sil in the active participle form in 5 verses across 5 suras in the Quran are described below:

[27:35] “And I am sending a gift to them (wa-inni-i mur’silatun ilayhim bi-hadiyyatin); let us see what came back with those who have been sent.”

[28:45] But we raised generations to have their prolonged life, and you had not been among the people of Midyan for reciting our revelations to them but we had who we sent (wa-maa kunta thaawiyan fee ahli madyana tatluu `alayhim aayaatinaa wa-laakinnaa kunnaa mur’sileena).

[35:2] Whatever of God’s mercy grants for the people, then no one can withhold it and whatever He withholds, then no one can send it other than He (wa-maa yumsik fa-laa mursila lahu min baidihi) as He is the Wisest Al-mighty.

[44:5] It is a decree from us, indeed we were to send (amran min `indinaa innaa kunnaa mursileena).

[54:27] Indeed, we sent the camel as a test for them (innaa mur’siluu al-naaqati fitnatan lahum). So watch them and be patient.

Instances of mursal

There are 36 instances of mur’sal in the passive participle form in 36 verses across 14 suras in the Quran are described below:

[2:252] This is of God’s revelations, we recite it to you with the truth (tilka aayaatu allahi natluhaa `alayka bil-haqqi), and you are certainly of those who have been sent (wa-innaka lamina al-mur’sileena).
Note: Here is a piece of information that has reflected of God’s revelations is the story of David and Goliath.

[6:34] And certainly, messengers have been denied before yourself (wa-laqad kudhibat rusulun min qablika), while they were patient for what they were denied, and they were persecuted until our support came to them; and no one can change the words of God, and surely, the news has come to you of those who have been sent (wa-laqad jaa’aka min naba-i al-mur’saleen).

[6:48] And we did not send those who are sent except bearers of good news and warners (wa-maa nur’silu al-mur’saleena illaa mubashireena wa-mudhireena). So whoever believed and reformed, then there is no fear for them nor will they grieve.

[7:6] Then we will surely ask those to whom have been sent (fa-la-nasalanna alladheena ur’sila ilayhim), and we will surely ask those who have been sent (wa-la-nasalanna al-mur’saleena).

[7:75] The arrogant leaders among his people said to those who believed among the prevented ones, “How do you know that Saleh is the sent one from his Lord (a-ta’lamuun anna Salih mur’salun min rabbihi)?” They said, “What is sent with him has made us believers (innaa bimaa ur’sila bihi muminuuna).”

[7:77] So they slaughtered the camel, and were disrespectful to their Lord’s command, and they said: “O Saleh, bring us what you promised us if you are one of those who had been sent (yaasaalihu i’tinaa bimaa ta`idunaa in kunta mina al-mur’saleena).”

[13:43] And those who disbelieved say: “You are not a sent one (wa-yaquulu alladheena kafaruu lasta mur’salan).” Say: “God suffices witness between me and you, and him who has knowledge of the scripture.”

[15:57] He (Abraham) said: “Then what is your business, O those who have been sent (fa-maa khatbukum ayyuhaa al-mur’saluuna)?”

[15:61] So when those who have been sent came to the family of Lot (fa-lammaa jaa-a aala luutin al-mur’saluuna).

[15:80] And certainly, the dwellers of the Valley denied those who have been sent (wa-laqad kadhaba as’habuu al-hij’ri al-mur’saleena).

[18:56] And we do not send those who have been sent except bearers of good news and warners (wa-maa nur’silu al-mur’saleena illaa mubashireena wa-mundhireena). And those who disbelieved argue with the falsehood to disapprove the truth with it. And they took My revelations and what they have been warned as mockery!

[25:20] And we have not sent before yourself of those who have been sent except that they ate the food and walked in the markets (wa-maa arsalnaa qablaka min al-mursaleena illaa layakuluuna al-ta`aama wa-yamshuuna feel al-aswaaqi). And we have made some of you as a test for others, will you have patience? And your Lord is Seer.

[26:21] “So I fled from you when I feared you. So my Lord granted me wisdom and made me of those who have been sent (fa-wahaba li-i rabbi-i hukman wa-ja`alani-i mina al-mur”saleena).”

[26:105] The people of Noah denied those who have been sent (kadhabat qawmu nuuhin al-mur’saleena).

[26:123] Aad denied those who have been sent (kadhabat `aadun al-mur’saleena).

[26:141] Thamud denied those who have been sent (kadhabat thamuudu al-mur’saleena).

[26:160] The people of Lot denied those who have been sent (kadhabat qawmu luutin al-mur’saleena).

[26:176] The dwellers of the Woods denied those who have been sent (kadhaba as’haabu al’aykati al-mur’saleena).

[27:10] “And throw down your staff.” When he saw it moving like a demon, he turned around and fled. “O Moses, do not fear. Those who are sent from Me shall not fear (inni-i laa yakhaafu ladayya al-mur’saleena).”

[27:35] “And I am sending a gift to them; let us see what came back with those who have been sent (fa-naaziratun bima yar’ji`u al-mur’saleena).”

[28:7] And we inspired to Moses’ mother that “Suckle him, then when you fear for him (Moses), then cast him in the river, and do not fear nor grieve. Indeed, we will return him to you and we will make him of those who have been sent (innaa raadduuhu ilayki wa-ja`iluuhu mina al-mur’saleena).”

[28:65] And the Day He will call them (wa-yawma yunaadeehim) and say: “What did you answer to those who have sent (fa-yaquulu maadhaa ajabtumu al-mur’saleeena)?”

[36:3] You are certainly of those who have been sent (innaka lamina al-mur’saleena).

[36:13] And cite for them the example of the people of the town, when those who have been sent came to it (idh jaa-ahaa al-mur’saluuna).

[36:14] When we sent to them two (idh arsalnaa ilayhimu ith’nayni), while they denied both of them. We then supported them with a third one, and they said, “Surely, we are those who have been sent to you (fa-qaaluu innaa ilaykum mur’saluuna).”

[36:16] They said: “Our Lord knows that we are honestly those who have been sent to you (qaaluu rabbunaa ya’lamu innaa ilaykum la’mur’saluuna).”

[36:20] While a man came running from the farthest end of the city; he said: “O my people, follow those who have been sent (qaala yaaqawmi ittabi`uu al-mur’saleena.)”

[36:52] They will say: “Woe to us. Who has resurrected us from our resting place? This is what the Most Gracious had promised and those who have been sent had told truth (haadhaa maa wa`ada al-rahmaanu wa-sadaqa al-mur’saluuna).”

[37:37] Nay, he has come with the truth and has confirmed those who have been sent (bal jaa-a al-haqqi wa-saddaqa al-mur’saleena).

[37:123] And indeed, Elias was certainly of those who have been sent (wa-inna il’yaasa lamina al-mursaleena).

[37:133] And indeed, Lot was certainly of those who have been sent (wa-inna luutan lamina al-mursaleena).

[37:139] And indeed, Jonah was certainly of those who have been sent (wa-inna yuunusa lamina al-mursaleena).

[37:171] And certainly, our word had been decreed for our servants who have been sent (wa-laqad sabaqat kalimatunaa li`ibaadinaa al-mur’saleena).

[37:181] And peace be upon those who have been sent (wa-salaamun `alaa al-mur’saleena).

[51:31] He (Abraham) said: “So what is your mission, O you who have been sent (qaala famaa khatbukum ayyuhaa al-mur’saluuna)?”

[77:1] By those who have been sent in succession (wal-mur’salaati `urfan).

Conclusion

Here is summary of 5 instances of mur’sil meaning “sent one” in the active participle form and 36 instances of mur’sal meaning “is sent one” in the passive participle form found in 41 verses in the Quran across 17 suras:

  • Sheba sent a gift to the king Solomon to see what came back with those who have been sent.
  • Those who we sent to the people of Midyan were to recite our revelations to them.
  • If God grants His mercy for the people, no one can withhold it but whatever He withholds, then no one can send it other than He being the wisest Al-mighty.
  • It is a decree from us that we send and the camel as sent was a test for them.
  • Those who have been sent recite God’s revelations with the truth.
  • Messengers were patient for what they were denied and were persecuted until our support came to them while the news has come of those who have been sent.
  • We did not send those who are sent except bearers of good news and warners.
  • We will ask those to whom have been sent and we will also ask those who have been sent.
  • The believers responded to the leaders of the disbelieving people of Saleh who was sent from his Lord informing them that what was sent with him made them believers.
  • The disbelievers asked Saleh to bring what he promised us if he is one of those who had been sent and slaughtered the camel given him as a sign.
  • God suffices witness about those who have been sent.
  • Abraham asked those who had been sent about their business,
  • The dwellers of the Valley denied those who have been sent while those who are sent are the bearers of good news and warners.
  • Those who have been sent before yours ate the food and walked in the markets.
  • My Lord granted me wisdom and made me of those who have been sent.
  • The people of Noah and Lot denied those who have been sent and so did the dwellers of the Woods.
  • The communities of `Aad and Thamud denied those who have been sent to them.
  • When Moses turned around and fled, God called him and said “O Moses, those who are sent from Me shall not fear.”
  • God inspired to Moses’ mother to cast him in the river without any fear or grieve informing her that He will return him to her and will make him of those who have been sent.
  • The Day He will call them and say: “What did you answer to those who have been sent.
  • The Quran, the wise through whom has been revealed is of those who have been sent to warn people whose parents were not warned.
  • Cite for them the example of the people of the town, when those who have been sent came to it.
  • When we sent to them two are denied then we supported them with a third one, and they said that they are those who have been sent.
  • These are those who have been sent but denied while a man came running from the farthest end of the city said to his people to follow those who have been sent.
  • Resurrection would be the event that we all will know what the Most Gracious had promised and those who have been sent had told truth.
  • The prophet has come with the truth and has confirmed those who have been sent.
  • Elias, Lot and Jonah were among those who have been sent.
  • God’s word had been decreed for His servants who have been sent and peace be upon those who have sent.
  • Abraham asked the angels “what is your mission, O you who have been sent.”
  • God has confirmed certain events by taking oath with those who have been sent in succession.

The review confirms that the Arabic word, rasuul is not only related to the Arabic word, risaalat but it is also related to the Arabic word, mur’sal while both rasuul meaning “messenger” and mur’sal meaning “is sent one” recite God’s revelations being bearer of good news and warner to deliver divine message for a particular community of people to warn them as well as to lead a righteous life.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless. Tafazzal (5/3/2019).