[2:97] Say, “Anyone who opposes Gabriel should know that he has brought down this (Quran) into your heart, in accordance with God’s will, confirming previous scriptures, and providing guidance and good news for the believers.”
[17:106] We have released the Quran in pieces, in order for you to read it to the people over a period of time, and it was sent down gradually.
[75:18] Once we recite it, you (Muhammad) shall follow such a Quran.
[75:19] Then it is we who will explain it.
[6:115] And the word of your Lord is completed with truth and justice. None can change His words, and He is the Hearer, the Knower.
[11:1] A.L.R. This is a scripture whose verses have been perfected, then elucidated. It comes from a Most Wise, Most Cognizant.
[18:2] A perfect (scripture) to warn of severe retribution from Him, and to deliver good news to the believers who lead a righteous life, that they have earned a generous recompense.
[6:114] Then should I seek other than God as a judge, while He has revealed to you the scripture explained in detail? And those whom we gave them the scripture know that it is a sent down (munazzalun) from your Lord with the truth. So, you should not be with the doubtful ones.
[7:52] We have given them a scripture that is fully detailed, with knowledge, guidance, and mercy for the people who believe.
[10:37] This Quran could not possibly be authored by other than God. It confirms all previous messages, and provides a fully detailed scripture. It is infallible, for it comes from the Lord of the universe.
However, the event of revealing the whole Quran is mentioned in a number of suras covering its different aspects. There is a short sura which has addressed the details of the process including its significance and completion while a part of some suras covers other important aspects of the event as described below:
Sura Al Najm (The Star) : Revelation Order 23 (Sura # 53)
God has confirmed us about where the prophet was taken to, what was given to him and what he saw there in the following verses of the Quran (4-18). It was the divine inspiration by the Most Powerful who revealed what was to be revealed to him. The prophet was as close to God so He made it. The whole environment was awesome at the ultimate point, located near the eternal Paradise where he saw great signs of God.
[53:4] It was not but inspiration (what) has been inspired.
[53:5] The Most Powerful has taught him (Muhammad).
[53:6] Possessor of all power so is in the highest Height.
[53:7] And in the highest horizon.
[53:8] Then moved nearer so came down.
[53:9] So He had been at a close distance or nearer.
[53:10] Then He inspired to His servant (Muhammad) what He inspired.
[53:11] The mind was not made up what it saw.
[53:12] Do you then argue with him (Muhammad) what he saw?
[53:13] He saw him in another descent.
[53:14] At the ultimate point (marked by) the Lot Tree (sid’rat l-muntahaa).
[53:15] Near it the Garden of abode (jannatu al-mawwa).
[53:16] The Lot Tree (the place) was overwhelmed.
[53:17] The vision did not weave, nor did deviate.
[53:18] He saw great signs of his Lord.
Note: The verses 4-18 exclusively confirm that the divine inspiration took place at the ultimate point by God Himself. The distance between earth and the ultimate point is billions of Light Years but this event was made possible as the prophet was brought physically close to Him.
It is also noteworthy that the following verses at the beginning of this sura are often illogically associated with the process of revealing the whole Quran while these verses clearly talk about the prophet who was neither astray nor was he misled nor does he speak out of his personal desire. In fact, it was an assurance from God for the contemporary people so that they can believe him and accept the message sent down to him as the very first verse is an oath of God referring to the shooting star being a visual fact for all generations of people though it is occasional like the dawn, night etc. The climbing of souls to the highest level accompanied by angels is not an unusual event as it occurs every moment when our life is terminated on earth by the angel of death and we say, “We belong to God and to Him we are returning” (2:156) when someone dies:
[53:1] By the falling star.
[53:2] Your friend (Muhammad) was neither astray, nor was he misled.
[53:3] Nor does he speak out of desire.
Sura Al Qadr (Destiny) : Revelation Order 25 (Sura # 97)
God has described the awesomeness of the night including the completion of process of revealing Quran within the night. Thus, He has made the night better than a thousand months. The angels and the Spirit descend with all commands to complete the process before the dawn. However, the journey was mediated by the angels traveling at the speed of million times faster than the speed of light to complete the event in one night according to God’s leave.
[97:1] Indeed, we revealed it (the Quran) in the Night of Power.
[97:2] Do you know what the Night of Power is?
[97:3] The Night of Power is better than a thousand months.
[97:4] The angels and the Spirit (the Gabriel) descend therein (the Night of Power), by their Lord’s leave, with every command.
[97:5] Peace it (the Night of Power) is until the advent of the dawn.
Note: The whole sura depicts the process of revealing the whole Quran indicating the significance of the night. However, we are confused about the event to be a recurrent one for long because of the use of present tense in subsequent statements followed by the perfect tense in the first statement as well as the misinterpretation of the statement in the verse (97:4). The completion of the process before the dawn indicates that the event took place between the night prayer and the dawn prayer so that the prophet did not miss any prayer, and we may also reflect on the importance of the Contact Prayer to establish it in a timely manner for developing anyone’s soul.
Bani Israel (Children of Israel): Revelation Order 50 (Sura # 17)
The verse below confirms that the prophet was taken to the highest Heaven, billions of Light Years away from the earth to place the whole Quran into his soul:
[17:1] Glory be to the One who took His servant (Muhammad) by night from the Sacred Masjid (of Mecca) to the farthest place of worship which we had blessed its surroundings that we may show him of our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearer, the Seer.
Note: This is the only verse that has direct mention of the prophet’s journey specifying origination and destination. However, Muhammad, the soul, not the body was taken to the farthest place, i.e., the ultimate point (sid’rat l-muntahaa) traveling at the speed of million times faster than the speed of light to take him to the ultimate point as well as to bring him back to earth. What he is to deliver had been taught as well as what he had learned from the surroundings strengthened his heart for successful delivery of the message given to him upon return to earth. However, this might be a good lesson for us either to learn from our surroundings reflecting upon all the advancements and scientific discoveries that happen within God’s knowledge can help us to accept the truth from Him. We also find the teaching of learning from our surrounding in the verse (5:31).
Sura Al Dhukhan (Smoke) : Revelation Order 64 (Sura # 44)
The following verses not only confirm that the entire Quran was revealed in the blessed night but also every matter of wisdom is clarified in it what was released gradually over 23 years period to move it in pieces from the prophet’s heart to his memory to facilitate his memorization as well as to share it with the people around him.
[44:1] Ha. Meem.
[44:2] And the enlightening scripture.
[44:3] Indeed, we have sent it (the Quran) down in a blessed night, indeed, we are warning.
[44:4] In it (the blessed night), every matter of wisdom is clarified.
Note: This is a Ha. Meem initialed sura which has confirmed that the enlightening scripture having our clear teaching in it has been revealed in a blessed night. The masculine object pronoun (hu) in 44:3 refers to the Quran while the female object pronoun (haa) in 44:4 refers to the blessed night. This gender difference helps us to eliminate any confusion from our heart to avoid any misinterpretation between the Quran and the blessed night. The above verses have confirmed the night to be a blessed one while the night and the process have been detailed out in the sura 97.
Sura Al Baqarah (The Heifer) : Revelation Order 87 (Sura # 2)
The Quran was revealed in the month of Ramadan as guidance for the people, clear proofs of the guidance and the statute book. Fasting is decreed in the entire month to glorify God for guiding us and to express our appreciation through fulfilling our obligations to Him.
[2:185] Ramadan is the month in which the Quran was revealed as guidance for the people, the clear guidance and the statute book. So whoever among you witnesses the month, then he should fast in it. But whoever is ill among you or on a journey, then the prescribed number in other days. God wishes for you ease and He does not wish for you hardship so that you can complete the prescribed number, and that you can glorify God for what He has guided you so that you may be grateful.
Note: Fasting during the whole month is the only rite decreed by God in the Quran in honor of the Night of Power to purify our souls in addition to follow the message revealed in the night.
However, to some, this night is so elusive that they try to stay up all nights during the last ten days of Ramadan so as not to “miss out” any chances of experiencing it claiming that there is a reference about it in the following verse of the Quran. The night may be unknown to us but known to God and He does not order us anywhere in the Quran to stay in the masjid during the last days of Ramadan to experience this night. In fact, its origin is tradition as well as the misinterpretation of the verses that talk about the night including this verse that talks about the prohibition of sexual relation if someone stays in the masjid.
[2:187] Permitted for you is sexual intercourse with your wives during the nights of fasting. They are the keepers of your secrets, and you are the keepers of their secrets. God knew that you used to betray your souls, and He has redeemed you, and has pardoned you. Henceforth, you may have intercourse with them, seeking what God has permitted for you. You may eat and drink until the white thread of light becomes distinguishable from the dark thread of night at dawn. Then, you shall fast until sunset. Sexual intercourse is prohibited if you decide to retreat to the masjid. These are God’s laws; you shall not transgress them. God thus clarifies His revelations for the people, that they may attain salvation.
Note: It is assumed that there is a reference in the verse, 89:2 to stay in the masjid during the last ten days of Ramadan, is inappropriate. The ten nights as mentioned in the verse is a part of a profound oath (89:1-5) which could be a reference from the verse, (7:142) that completed Moses’s appointment with God by adding ten to the initial appointment of thirty nights being a significant historical event. However, we have the opportunity to earn extra credits considering Ramadan being a blessed month extending our time to study the Quran to know God’s teachings to be righteous.
We are blessed with the knowledge to mathematically confirm many of our given rites as well as the crucial events to remove any traces of doubt from our hearts, and God willing we have the same opportunity to apply that to confirm this one-night event either. There are 26 verses across 5 suras in the Quran that cover this awesome event. The total of the sura and verse numbers associated with the event is a multiple of 19, is a Quran’s code and common denominator => 589 (19x31) as detailed in the table below:
Note: There is also another verse that tells us that he saw him at the high horizon in 81:23, is not included in the calculation to be a separate event, and an indirect proof that the messenger of covenant was taken to somewhere in the universe.
The Quran is honorable and so is the night in which it was revealed being a special just like a thousand months because of the completion of the process of revealing Quran that took place on the night of 27th Ramadan in 13 B.H. Muhammad participated in the process driven by God involving Gabriel, and the angels while God Himself established at the highest height placed the whole Quran into his soul.
The different aspects of the event have been found across 5 suras, and we are blessed to detect suras and verses linked with the event. Thus, we have both logical and mathematical proofs to confirm the event being a great event that God has called “The Power” while the night of the event that He has called “Night of the Power”.
Thus, what is directly related to the event is God has decreed fasting the entire month of Ramadan and this is the only rite decreed by God in the Quran in honor of “Night of the Power” to purify our souls and express our appreciation for the light He had sent us. However, to earn extra credits considering Ramadan a blessed month we may plan to intensify our remembrance of God and extend our time to study the Quran to understand God’s teachings and laws in it to follow. But evidences confirm that there is no extra salat nor is there anything like staying up nights during the last ten days of Ramadan to experience Night of the Power from God except introduced by tradition.
Peaceful Friday, salaam and God bless.