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Contact Prayer (Salat) and its mathematical confirmation

Introduction

The Arabic counterpart of Contact Prayer is ‘Salat’ which comes from the root word ‘Sila’ means make connect or contact. As such, we make direct contact with God 5 times a day through the Contact Prayers for redemption of our sins as well as for the growth of our souls to cause the increase in the physical size to be used as data to determine our destination on the Day of Judgment (21:47). The Contact Prayer first given to prophet Ibrahim came down to us from his time through practicing of people generation after generation like other religious rites of Islam such as Zakat (Obligatory Charity), Siyaam (Fasting during the month of Ramadan) and Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca) (4:125, 16:123, 22:78). So the Contact Prayer existed long before the revelation of the Quran and the Quran only dealt with the rituals of it that had been found distorted such as nullifying ablution (4:43), requirements and steps of ablution (5:6), or needed update such as voice tone of Salat (17:110) at the time of revelation of it.

We are aware of many corrupted practices of our religious rites given by God but the most corrupted practice of our religious rites is the Contact Prayer. It is full of misconceptions, and innovations and additions that are practiced by the so called Muslims all over the world. Even there is a fairy tale among traditional Muslims that prophet Muhammad negotiated with God going back and forth to Him to get 5 times of Salat a day from 50 times of Salat a day originally prescribed by Him. There is not a greater blasphemy than this about the Contact Prayer.

Commandment of observing Salat

There are 83 occurrences of the word ‘Salat’ in 78 verses among 31 suras of the Quran. Out of 83 instnaces, 67 occurrences of it distributed over 63 verses across 28 suras are precisely commandments from God for the believers to observe Salat to nourish their souls knowing it to be the prime source of nourishment for their souls (29:45) through remembering God (20:14), which are detailed out below:

[2:3] who believe in the unseen, observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and from our provisions to them, they give to charity.
[2:43] You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and bow down with those who bow down.
[2:45] You shall seek help through steadfastness and the Contact Prayers (Salat). This is difficult indeed, but not so for the reverent,
[2:83] We made a covenant with the Children of Israel: “You shall not worship except GOD. You shall honor your parents and regard the relatives, the orphans, and the poor. You shall treat the people amicably. You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat).” But you turned away, except a few of you, and you became averse.
[2:110] You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat). Any good you send forth on behalf of your souls, you will find it at GOD. GOD is seer of everything you do.
[2:153] O you who believe, seek help through steadfastness and the Contact Prayers (Salat). GOD is with those who steadfastly persevere.
[2:177] Righteousness is not turning your faces towards the east or the west. Righteous are those who believe in GOD, the Last Day, the angels, the scripture, and the prophets; and they give the money, cheerfully, to the relatives, the orphans, the needy, the traveling alien, the beggars, and to free the slaves; and they observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat); and they keep their word whenever they make a promise; and they steadfastly persevere in the face of persecution, hardship, and war. These are the truthful; these are the righteous.
[2:238] You shall consistently observe the Contact Prayers (Salawat), especially the middle prayer (Salat), and devote yourselves totally to GOD.
[2:277] Those who believe and lead a righteous life, and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), they receive their recompense from their Lord; they will have nothing to fear, nor will they grieve.
[4:43] O you who believe, do not observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) while intoxicated, so that you know what you are saying. Nor after sexual orgasm without bathing, unless you are on the road, traveling; if you are ill or traveling, or you had urinary or fecal-related excretion (such as gas), or contacted the women (sexually), and you cannot find water, you shall observe Tayammum (dry ablution) by touching clean dry soil, then wiping your faces and hands therewith. GOD is Pardoner, Forgiver.
[4:77] Have you noted those who were told, “You do not have to fight; all you need to do is observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat),” then, when fighting was decreed for them, they feared the people as much as they feared God, or even more? They said, “Our Lord, why did You force this fighting on us? If only You respite us for awhile!” Say, “The materials of this world are nil, while the Hereafter is far better for the righteous, and you never suffer the slightest injustice.”
[4:101] Have you noted those who were told, “You do not have to fight; all you need to do is observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat),” then, when fighting was decreed for them, they feared the people as much as they feared GOD, or even more? They said, “Our Lord, why did You force this fighting on us? If only You respite us for a while!” Say, “The materials of this world are nil, while the Hereafter is far better for the righteous, and you never suffer the slightest injustice.”
[4:102] When you are with them, and lead the Contact Prayer (Salat) for them, let some of you stand guard; let them hold their weapons, and let them stand behind you as you prostrate. Then, let the other group that has not prayed take their turn praying with you, while the others stand guard and hold their weapons. Those who disbelieved wish to see you neglect your weapons and your equipment, in order to attack you once and for all. You commit no error, if you are hampered by rain or injury, by putting down your weapons, so long as you remain alert. GOD has prepared for the disbelievers a shameful retribution.
[4:103] Once you complete your Contact Prayer (Salat), you shall remember GOD while standing, sitting, or lying down. Once the war is over, you shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat); the Contact Prayers (Salat) are decreed for the believers at specific times.
[4:142] The hypocrites think that they are deceiving GOD, but He is the One who leads them on. When they get up for the Contact Prayer (Salat), they get up lazily. That is because they only show off in front of the people, and rarely do they think of GOD.
[4:162] As for those among them who are well founded in knowledge, and the believers, they believe in what was revealed to you, and in what was revealed before you. They are observers of the Contact Prayers (Salat), and givers of the obligatory charity (Zakat); they are believers in GOD and the Last Day. We grant these a great recompense.
[5:6] O you who believe, when you observe the Contact Prayer (Salat), you shall: (1) wash your faces and (2) wash your arms to the elbows, and (3) wipe your heads and (4) your feet to the ankles. If you were unclean due to sexual orgasm, you shall bathe. If you are ill, or traveling, or had any digestive excretion (urinary, fecal, or gas), or had (sexual) contact with the women, and you cannot find water, you shall observe the dry ablution (Tayammum) by touching clean dry soil, then rubbing your faces and hands. GOD does not wish to make the religion difficult for you; He wishes to cleanse you and to perfect His blessing upon you, that you may be appreciative.
[5:12] GOD had taken a covenant from the Children of Israel, and we raised among them twelve patriarchs. And GOD said, “I am with you, so long as you observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and believe in My messengers and respect them, and continue to lend GOD a loan of righteousness. I will then remit your sins, and admit you into gardens with flowing streams. Anyone who disbelieves after this, has indeed strayed off the right path.”
[5:55] Your real allies are GOD and His messenger, and the believers who observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and they bow down.
[5:58] When you call to the Contact Prayers (Salat), they mock and ridicule it. This is because they are people who do not understand.
[5:91] The devil wants to provoke animosity and hatred among you through intoxicants and gambling, and to distract you from remembering GOD, and from observing the Contact Prayers (Salat). Will you then refrain?
[5:106] O you who believe, witnessing a will when one of you is dying shall be done by two equitable people among you. If you are traveling, then two others may do the witnessing. After observing the Contact Prayer (Salat), let the witnesses swear by GOD, to alleviate your doubts: “We will not use this to attain personal gains, even if the testator is related to us. Nor will we conceal GOD’s testimony. Otherwise, we would be sinners.”
[6:72] “And to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and to reverence Him – He is the One before whom you will be summoned (for the reckoning).”
[7:170] Those who uphold the scripture, and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), we never fail to recompense the pious.
[8:3] They observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and from our provisions to them, they give to charity.
[9:5] Once the Sacred Months are past, (and they refuse to make peace) you may kill the idol worshipers when you encounter them, punish them, and resist every move they make. If they repent and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), you shall let them go. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.
[9:11] If they repent and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), then they are your brethren in religion. We thus explain the revelations for people who know.
[9:18] The only people to frequent GOD’s masjids are those who believe in GOD and the Last Day, and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and do not fear except GOD. These will surely be among the guided ones.
[9:54] What prevented the acceptance of their spending is that they disbelieved in GOD and His messenger, and when they observed the Contact Prayers (Salat), they observed them lazily, and when they gave to charity, they did so grudgingly.
[9:71] The believing men and women are allies of one another. They advocate righteousness and forbid evil, they observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and they obey GOD and His messenger. These will be showered by GOD’s mercy. GOD is Almighty, Most Wise.
[10:87] We inspired Moses and his brother. “Maintain your homes in Egypt for the time being, turn your homes into synagogues, and maintain the Contact Prayers (Salat). Give good news to the believers.”
[11:114] You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) at both ends of the day, and during the night. The righteous works wipe out the evil works. This is a reminder for those who would take heed.
[13:22] They steadfastly persevere in seeking their Lord, observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), spend from our provisions to them secretly and publicly, and counter evil with good. These have deserved the best abode.
[14:31] Exhort My servants who believed to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and to give (to charity) from our provisions to them, secretly and publicly, before a day comes where there is neither trade, nor nepotism.
[14:37] “Our Lord, I have settled part of my family in this plantless valley, at Your Sacred House. Our Lord, they are to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), so let throngs of people converge upon them, and provide for them all kinds of fruits, that they may be appreciative.
[14:40] “My Lord, make me one who consistently observes the Contact Prayers (Salat), and also my children. Our Lord, please answer my prayers.
[17:78] You shall observe the Contact Prayer (Salat) when the sun declines from its highest point at noon, as it moves towards sunset. You shall also observe (the recitation of) the Quran at dawn. (Reciting) the Quran at dawn is witnessed.
[19:31] “He made me blessed wherever I go, and enjoined me to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and the obligatory charity (Zakat) for as long as I live.
[19:55] He used to enjoin his family to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and the obligatory charity (Zakat); he was acceptable to his Lord.
[19:59] After them, He substituted generations who lost the Contact Prayers (Salat), and pursued their lusts. They will suffer the consequences.
[20:14] “I am GOD; there is no other god beside Me. You shall worship Me alone, and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) to remember Me.
[20:132] You shall enjoin your family to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and steadfastly persevere in doing so. We do not ask you for any provisions; we are the ones who provide for you. The ultimate triumph belongs to the righteous.
[21:73] We made them imams who guided in accordance with our commandments, and we taught them how to work righteousness, and how to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and the obligatory charity (Zakat). To us, they were devoted worshipers.
[22:35] They are the ones whose hearts tremble upon mentioning GOD, they steadfastly persevere during adversity, they observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and from our provisions to them, they give to charity.
[22:41] They are those who, if we appointed them as rulers on earth, they would establish the Contact Prayers (Salat) and the obligatory charity (Zakat), and would advocate righteousness and forbid evil. GOD is the ultimate ruler.
[22:78] You shall strive for the cause of GOD as you should strive for His cause. He has chosen you and has placed no hardship on you in practicing your religion – the religion of your father Abraham. He is the one who named you “Submitters” originally. Thus, the messenger shall serve as a witness among you, and you shall serve as witnesses among the people. Therefore, you shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and hold fast to GOD; He is your Lord, the best Lord and the best Supporter.
[24:37] People who are not distracted by business or trade from commemorating GOD; they observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and they are conscious of the day when the minds and the eyes will be horrified.
[24:56] You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and obey the messenger, that you may attain mercy.
[24:58] O you who believe, permission must be requested by your servants and the children who have not attained puberty (before entering your rooms). This is to be done in three instances – before the Dawn Prayer (Salat Al-Fajr), at noon when you change your clothes to rest, and after the Night Prayer(Salat Al-Isha). These are three private times for you. At other times, it is not wrong for you or them to mingle with one another. God thus clarifies the revelations for you. God is Omniscient, Most Wise.
[27:3] Who observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and they are, with regard to the Hereafter, absolutely certain.
[29:45] You shall recite what is revealed to you of the scripture, and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), for the Contact Prayers prohibit evil and vice. But the remembrance of GOD (through Salat) is the most important objective. GOD knows everything you do.
[30:31] You shall submit to Him, reverence Him, observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and – whatever you do – do not ever fall into idol worship.
[31:4] Who observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and as regards the Hereafter, they are absolutely certain.
[31:17] “O my son, you shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat). You shall advocate righteousness and forbid evil, and remain steadfast in the face of adversity. These are the most honorable traits.
[33:33] You shall settle down in your homes, and do not mingle with the people excessively, like you used to do in the old days of ignorance. You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and obey GOD and His messenger. GOD wishes to remove all unholiness from you, O you who live around the Sacred Shrine, and to purify you completely.
[35:18] No soul can carry the sins of another soul. If a soul that is loaded with sins implores another to bear part of its load, no other soul can carry any part of it, even if they were related. The only people to heed your warnings are those who reverence their Lord, even when alone in their privacy, and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat). Whoever purifies his soul, does so for his own good. To GOD is the final destiny.
[35:29] Surely, those who recite the book of GOD, observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and from our provisions to them they spend – secretly and publicly – are engaged in an investment that never loses.
[42:38] They respond to their Lord by observing the Contact Prayers (Salat). Their affairs are decided after due consultation among themselves, and from our provisions to them they give (to charity).
[58:13] If you failed to give to charity before conferring, then repented thereafter, GOD accepts your repentance. You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and obey GOD and His messenger. GOD is fully Cognizant of everything you do.
[62:9] O you who believe, when the Contact Prayer (lilsalati) is called on the day of Friday (min yawmi al-Jumu`ati), you shall hasten to the commemoration of God, and drop all business. This is better for you, if you only knew.
[62:10] Once the prayer (Salat) is completed, you may spread through the land to seek God’s bounties, and continue to remember God frequently, that you may succeed.
[73:20] Your Lord knows that you meditate during two-thirds of the night, or half of it, or one-third of it, and so do some of those who believed with you. GOD has designed the night and the day, and He knows that you cannot always do this. He has pardoned you. Instead, you shall read what you can of the Quran. He knows that some of you may be ill, others may be traveling in pursuit of GOD’s provisions, and others may be striving in the cause of GOD. You shall read what you can of it, and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and lend GOD a loan of righteousness. Whatever good you send ahead on behalf of your souls, you will find it at GOD far better and generously rewarded. And implore GOD for forgiveness. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.
[98:5] All that was asked of them was to worship GOD, devoting the religion absolutely to Him alone, observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat). Such is the perfect religion.

Mathematical Confirmation

The precise commandment of observing Contact Prayer found in 63 verses across 28 suras can also be mathematically confirmed. If we add the relevant sura and verse number, the total is a multiple of 19 => 4674 = 19x246 as shown in the table below:

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Note: 1 instance out of 3 instances of Salat in verse 103 of sura 4, of 2 instances of it in verse 58 of sura 24 and of 2 instances of it in verse 45 of sura 29 is used in the mathematical calculation.

Crucial Advices for us to be concern about Salat

There are also additional 16 occurrences of the word ‘Salat’ in 16 verses among 11 suras of the Quran, which are not commandments but talk about other aspects of Salat to be recommendations for us including to give proper attention to it as well as to establish it being reverent to God. Here are the details of these additional instances:

2:157 These have deserved blessings (salawatun) from their Lord and mercy. These are the guided ones.
[2:238] You shall consistently observe the Contact Prayers (al-salawati), especially the middle prayer (Salat), and devote yourselves totally to GOD.
[6:92] This too is a blessed scripture that we have revealed, confirming the previous scriptures, that you may warn the most important community and all those around it. Those who believe in the Hereafter will believe in this (scripture), and will observe their Contact Prayers (salatihim).
[6:162] Say, “My Contact Prayers (salatee), my worship practices, my life and my death, are all devoted absolutely to GOD alone, the Lord of the universe.
[8:35] Their Contact Prayers (salatuhim) at the shrine (Ka`bah) were no more than a mockery and a means of repelling the people (by crowding them out). Therefore, suffer the retribution for your disbelief.
[9:99] And among the Arabs who believes in God and the Last Day, and he takes what he spends to make him closer to God, and to support (wasalawaati) the messenger. Indeed, it makes them closer. God will admit them in His mercy; God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9:103] Take from their wealth a charity to purify them and sanctify them. And encourage them, for your encouragement (salataka) reassures them. GOD is Hearer, Omniscient.
[11:87] They said: “O Shu’ayb, does your prayer (asalataka) order you that we leave what our fathers served, or that we do not do with our money as we please? You are the compassionate, the sane!”
[17:110] Say, “Call Him GOD, or call Him Most Gracious; whichever name you use, to Him belongs the best names.” You shall not utter your Contact Prayers (bisalatika) too loudly, nor secretly; use a moderate tone.
[22:40] Those who were driven out of their homes without justice, except that they said: “Our Lord is God!” And if it were not for mankind being pitted against one another, then many monasteries, churches, synagogues (wasalawaatun), and masjids where the name of God is frequently mentioned would have been destroyed. God will give victory to those who support Him. God is Powerful, Almighty.
[23:2] who are reverent during their Contact Prayers (Salatihim).
[23:9] And they observe their Contact Prayers (salawatihim) regularly.
[24:41] Do you not see that everything in the heavens and the earth glorifies God? Even the birds perched together, each knows its prayer (salatahu) and its glorification. And God is fully aware of everything they do.
[70:23] Who always observe their Contact Prayers (salatihim).
[70:34] They consistently observe their Contact prayers (Salatihim).
[107:4] And woe to those who observe the Contact Prayers (salatihim)

Conclusion

The Contact Prayer (Salat) existed long before the revelation of the Quran as it was given to prophet Ibrahim including other religious rites, who was the founder of Islam (22:78). Hence, we do not see even a single verse in the Quran about prophet Muhammad’s concern to deliver any rituals of Salat or any other religious rites. Moreover, he was a convert (Sabian in Arabic) who used to worship idols before the clear proofs came to him (40:66). However, he had practiced the religion of prophet Ibrahim during his lifetime as commanded by God found in (16:123, 22:78) while his sole mission was to deliver the Quran (3:20, 13:40, 16:82, 42:48). So the story of negotiation of Muhammad with God to get 5 times of Salat a day going back and forth to Him is not only a fairy tale but also contradictory to the information given in (2:185,17:1, 44:1-4, 53:4-18, & 97:1-5) as Muhammad, the soul, was taken to the highest Heaven to give him the whole Quran once. The precise commandment of observing Salat found in 63 verses of 28 suras supported by the Quran’s mathematical code (74:30) and His crucial advices to be concern about Salat are clear indications how and what we should do to observe our Salat expecting recompense from God. Now the popular belief of getting 5 times Contact Prayer a day on negotiation or common question or concern of NOT having details of Salat in the Quran or any other additions to Salat that we notice are no way acceptable to any of true believers of God and His last revelation rather than a Satanic trick to prevent them from perfecting their Salat to divert them from the right path of God. Now we should use our logic and common sense to perfectly practice the Contact Prayer knowing the truth to successfully get back to God to whom we belong (2:156).
Peaceful Friday, Salaam and God bless.
Tafazzal